6 junio, 2024

Words with intermediate H

The rules for words with H in between They have to do with the use of this letter in Spanish. The H in our language is silent (that is, it is not pronounced) and is placed as an etymological signal, indicating that a word was previously written with other letters.

For example, the words talk son either iron come from Latin: fabulare, filius, ferrum. Over time, the pronunciation changed, and the initial F began to be aspirated (it was written with H to indicate aspiration), but then it stopped being pronounced. The H remained in the spelling and today indicates that aspiration, although it is no longer pronounced. The same goes for the word drown (from Latin offocare) either save, which comes from the Andalusian Arabic.

The intermediate H is used in those words that have 2 or 3 vowels in a row, whether they are the same or different. That is, it is placed when there is a hiatus or a diphthong: huhyentar, forbidbir (diphthongs), vehicleass, owlo, bthere (hiatus).

Words derived from one that begins with H are also written with intermediate H, such as hour: ohnow, ofshnow, andnhcongratulations EITHER history: prHeyistory. Dwell: Yonhinhabited, ofshinhabited

Another rule is when there are two contiguous syllables in a word and the first is closed or locked (ends in a consonant) and the second begins with a vowel: in these cases the letter H is inserted; For example: exhibitbition, inherent, inhalation, adherelaugh, yearnit, exhortar. However, if the first syllable is a prefix (ex, in, a, pre, post, etc.) but the word does not have an H, it is not included: unfinished (finish), inappetent (appetizing), reject (estimate), etc

Another case is when the word has three vowels in a row, and the second and third vowels form a diphthong. Some examples are: alcahueyou, rheyr, ahuecar, seaihuana, poopahuatea.

In general, the intermediate H is usually an etymological signal that indicates an old spelling and indicates, many times, the origin of the word (if it comes from Latin, Greek or Arabic). That is why it is advisable to read a lot to learn the spelling of Spanish, and put an end to spelling errors.

Words with intermediate H

Words that begin with the letters A and B

Adhere: glue or join in a resistant way. It is also a pronominal verb (comes from the Latin adhererere, «to be stuck»),

Delve: to deepen something (from the Latin fundus).

Hang: to take a person’s life by hanging him by the neck (from the Latin furca).

Hollow out: to make an object concave or hollow by removing material from its interior (from the Latin occare).

Smoked: food that has been precooked with smoke (from lat. affumare).

Basil: aromatic plant used to flavor food (from Arabic الحبق, al-habaqa).

Pimp: person who praises another in an exaggerated or interested way, in order to please him (comes from Arabic, with the particle al- (el) and the word qawwád (delivery courier). that is, «the messenger»).

Alcohol: chemical compound used in medicine as an antiseptic; in its ethyl alcohol form it is used to prepare alcoholic beverages (from the Andalusian Arabic, alkuḥl).

Jewel: object used as decoration Made with metal such as gold or silver (from the Andalusian Arabic الحَاجَ, alḥáya).

Drown: cause suffocation or death by suffocation (from lat. offocare).

Save: save a part of the money that is received (from Andalusian Arabic).

Ado: somewhat exaggerated demonstration of some feeling (from the Arabic الحركة (al-haraka) which meant «the movement»).

Pillow: soft cloth bag filled with a soft material that is used to support the head (from the Hispanic Arabic almuhadda).

I long: intense desire. vehemence (from the Latin longing, derived from halo, halare, «breathe»).

Orange blossom: white flower that has a lot of aroma (from the Hispanic Arabic azzahar).

Bay: entrance of the sea in a part of the earth that forms a wide concavity (from the old French, baie, and this from Latin baia, derived from another Latin term, baiae).

Attic: window that protrudes vertically from a roof and serves to give light (from the Latin buharda, a variant of snort).

Owl: nocturnal bird with a head and big eyes (variant of Vulgar Latin hoof).

Peddler: peddler (from Latin jester).

Words that start with the letters C and D

Peanut: fruit. In some countries it is known as maní (from Nahuatl tlalkakawatl).

Cohabit: people who live together in the same house (from the Latin will cohabit).

Consistent: having a logical relationship with something else (from the Latin cohaerens).

Cohesion: close relationship between people and things (from lat. cohaesus).

cohibit: prevent a person from behaving naturally (from the Latin cohibeō).

Cohort: group of people, Roman military unit (from the Latin cohors).

Relief: free oneself from a feeling that overwhelms (from lat. offocare and the prefix -des).

Evict: force a person to vacate a house or property. Evicted: Person who has no hope of life (from the archaic verb afuciar).

Undo: to put a thing as it was at the beginning before it was made (from the Latin deface).

Disinherit: take away the inheritance (lat. here).

Defoliate: remove leaves from flowers, notebooks, books, etc. (from Latin folium and the prefix -des).

Words that start with the letters E and F

Exhausted: tired, weak and without strength (from lat. exhaustus).

Exhibition: that is shown to the public (From the Latin exhibitio).

Exhort: to incite an authority or person to act in a certain way (from the Latin exhortari).

Reliable: that proves or attests to something (from Old Spanish fefaciente).

Words that start with the letters I and M

Inherent: essential in a person or thing and incapable of separating from it, since it is part of its nature (from lat. inhaerens).

Inhalation: action of inhaling For example, when you take in air when you breathe, you are inhaling (from the Latin inhalation).

Dope: drug that is extracted from the herbaceous plant known as Cannabis sativa (from Nahuatl malli, curling grass or weaving grass, and huana, which is associated with tlahuani, drunk).

Moharracho: person who disguises himself in a ridiculous way to make other people laugh (from Arabic muharrig, jester or clown).

pout: gesture made with the lips that can show anger (from the Andalusian Arabic moo).

Mold: downy covering that forms on organic matter and causes its decomposition (from medieval Latin mucor).

Words that start with the letters P and R

Prehistory: period of history from the origin of the human being to the appearance of the first written testimonies (from the Greek historein and the prefix -pre).

Ban: not allow something or activity to be done (from the Latin forbid).

Hostage: person who is retained against their will (from the Hispanic Arabic rihan, plural of ráhn).

Shun: avoiding or eluding a person or activity because of having some fear or discomfort towards it (from the Latin shelter).

Retahila: long series of events or material things, which are mentioned one after the other (from the Latin rectus and row).

Words that start with the letters S and T

Wiseacre: person who presumes to be wise without actually being (from late lat. sapedus).

Sahara: desert of Africa (from Arabic الصحراء الكبرى, aṣ-Ṣaḥrāʾ al-Kubrā).

Smudge: perfume with aromatic smoke (from the Latin fumus).

Gambler: person who is an expert in games of chance, such as cards and dice (from Arabic تَكْفُور, takfur).

Rogue: scoundrel, swindler (from the old Castilian truffle, “jester”, borrowed from Old French truant, «beggar, beggar», in turn from Gaul rogues).

Words with H in between that begin with the letters V and Z

Vehemence: that has impetuous force (from the Latin vehement).

Vehicle: device with or without a motor that is used to transport people or things (from the Latin vehicle, conveyance).

Dizzy: brief loss of consciousness due to some illness (from the Latin wander, turn from Latin vacation).

Mist: steam given off by bodies under certain circumstances (from ant. bafo, and this of the onomatopoeia baf, which expresses the breath of steam).

Hurt: say something to annoy, mistreat or humiliate another person (from ant. do, face and hurt).

Carrot: biennial plant and edible root (from the old Castilian çahanoria, which comes from the Hispanic Arabic safunnārjah and, in turn, this from the Maghrebi اسفنارية, isfannāríjja).

References

Hualde, J. The Sounds of Spanish. Retrieved from books.google.com.
Spelling Rules – H. Retrieved from spanishexperts.blogspot.com.
Spelling list: Silent h words. Retrieved from spellzone.com.
Spanish Orthographic Rules. Recovered from spanishbooster.com.

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