7 junio, 2024

What is an Expressive Text? (With Examples)

A expressive text It is one whose main intention is to communicate the feelings, desires and thoughts of the speaker. Its function is oriented to the sender of the message. In addition, this expressive function is not only in the written language, but also in the oral one.

According to a functional classification of the communicative act, there are different intentions when initiating a communication. Several overlapping functions can be found in any text. However, one of these is always the predominant one.

For example, in a referential or informative text, all the statements are oriented towards the context of the communication. This is perhaps the most usual case. On the contrary, if the text is concerned with the message, with what is being said and how it is being said, it may be a poetic text.

When analyzing any edition of a newspaper, you will find many informative texts. However, articles in the opinion section or interviews can be considered expressive texts.

The main characteristic of expressive texts is that they are subjective. For this reason, it cannot be affirmed that a statement is true or false, because it refers to an opinion or a feeling that is closely associated with the author.

In this sense, this type of text uses a series of techniques and resources to communicate the ideas of the issuer.

Main characteristics of expressive texts

1- The first person predominates

Since the main intention of expressive texts is to communicate subjective information about the sender, most of the statements are built based on the first person singular or plural.

However, sentences with ambiguous or indeterminate subjects can also be made.

examples

– I am very hungry

– What a beautiful sunrise!

2- Use of exclamatory expressions

As expressive texts try to express emotions and feelings, the use of exclamatory expressions is quite common.

These types of expressions are used to communicate a state of mind. They are recognized in oral language by the intonation of the speaker, and in writing they are perceived through the inclusion of exclamation marks.

Other structures such as interjections can also be included in this type of sentence, since they depend on the mood of the speaker.

examples

– I am very happy to be here!

– Wow, it’s so cold!

– Oh how it hurts me!

3- Use of qualifying adjectives

Qualifying adjectives serve to determine a quality of any noun. Its main function is to describe.

Expressive texts abound in this type of structure because they allow value judgments to be made about any thing or situation, and thus communicate the opinions of the issuer.

examples

– That woman is very beautiful.

– I think the place is dirty.

4- Use of emphatic expressions

As expressive texts are fundamentally subjective, it is common for them to use expressions that highlight certain elements.

That is why it is not uncommon to find superlatives and diminutives that serve to emphasize a particular aspect.

examples

– Last night I slept very badly.

– The book seemed short to me.

5- Use of metaphorical language

The subjectivity of the expressive text also allows similes and metaphors to be made.

This type of resource is used to compare two things through a look or personal experience.

examples

– His eyes were like the sky without clouds.

– He eats like his father and sleeps like his father.

6- Use of exaggerated expressions

The expressive text may contain a series of statements that stand out from the natural or the everyday. A way of emphasizing something leading to a comparison or fatality above the concern it deserves.

That is to say, it makes use of qualifying adjectives, emphatic expressions or metaphorical language, but giving it greater significance.

examples

– A cockroach so big that it was capable of helping me with the housework entered my room.

– Raúl is heavier than a marble plane.

References

Educarchile (2012). “Functions of language: expressive”. Retrieved on November 3, 2017 at educarchile.cl
Encyclopedia of Examples (2017). “Expressive (or Emotive) Function”. Retrieved on November 3, 2017 in examples.co
Gudina, Veronica (2008). «The expressive text». Retrieved on November 3, 2017 in poems-of-the-soul.com
«The expressive function» Retrieved on November 3, 2017 at escolares.net
Writing (2017). «Expressive function» Retrieved on November 3, 2017 in ejemplode.com

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