12 julio, 2024

What implications would the infection of STIs have on an adolescent?

The implications that contagion of an STI (sexually transmitted infection) would have on an adolescent may be physical, due to the consequences of the disease; or psychological, due to the way in which it can affect you emotionally.

Before analyzing these implications, it must be explained that STIs, also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are those that are spread through sexual intercourse, due to the exchange of fluids that occurs during it.

The best known are gonorrhea, herpes or, more seriously, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus or AIDS).

Implications of an STI in an adolescent

Adolescents are a risk group for the spread of these diseases. This is due to the lack of information they have about prevention methods, as well as the difficulties they may encounter in getting hold of them.

In addition, at these ages there is a psychological feeling of invulnerability, which makes them more reckless.

The consequences of contracting an STI can be physical or psychological. The most relevant aspects of each one will be detailed below:

physical implications

Adolescence is the moment in which the human being begins to discover his sexuality. This causes the first sexual relations to begin, on many occasions without adequate protection.

Some of these implications are, for example, the damage that the sexual organs can suffer, with ulcers or herpes in the area. Fever or other symptoms such as blindness may also appear, in the case of gonorrhea or chlamydia.

Likewise, the sterility of the infected person is a risk that some of these diseases carry.

The most serious infections can lead to cancer of the uterine cervix or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; In the worst case, these evils can cause death.

What complicates the matter more is that in some of these diseases no visible symptoms appear until the infection has developed over time, so the solutions are complicated.

psychological implications

Although the physical consequences of these types of infections are more serious, there are also a number of psychological implications that must be taken into account.

If for adults there are difficulties in accepting or telling that one of these conditions is suffered, in the case of adolescents this is multiplied. This concealment is not only negative in the emotional aspect, but also causes the cure to be delayed, aggravating the effects.

Cases of depression can be found for this reason. The young man is not capable of managing the situation without daring to tell his parents about it. This, in the most serious cases, can lead to the suicide of the affected person.

These cases are more frequent in women than in men, since they also think that they can be criticized more for having sexual relations.

Lastly, it has been proven that having suffered from an STI in adolescence makes a person’s emotional development more complicated, which causes problems to maintain new relationships.


Larissa Hirsch, MD. About Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved from kidshealth.org
Stephanie Watson. Teens and STDs: Get the Facts. Retrieved from teens.webmd.com

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