18 julio, 2024

What does a lawyer?

A lawyer is a person who studied law and trained as a legal professional. He is an expert in legislation, ordinances, statutes and legal codes, therefore, he is qualified to represent, assist, advise, defend and manage procedures before agencies public and private, in attention to the rights and interests of citizens who request their services.

In addition to legal studies, during his training process he takes subjects such as philosophy, history, economics, politics, among other general knowledge, which make it easier for him to work in both the public and private sectors.

That is why lawyers hold various public positions in State institutions, notaries, courts, registries, police forces, etc.

Similarly, in the private sector, in law firms or law offices that provide services to natural persons. In other words, they assist and defend citizens and legal entities, they also advise companies on legal matters and represent corporations, among others.

Functions of a lawyer

Although the laws are not the same in all countries, the functions of the lawyer are similar, giving multiple benefits to the order of justice, and offering their services related to those presented below.

1. Defend the benefits and interests of citizens who hire their services

In legal proceedings, whether in the civil area (marriages, divorces), judicial criminal (complaints or arrests), or administrative mercantile (collection, sales).

2. Guide and assist your clients in the negotiations of buying, selling and renting their property

Lawyers intervene when a person wishes to carry out one of these negotiations with their furniture and real estate, houses, apartments, farms, plots, as well as the management and preparation of necessary legal paperwork and documents.

They defend the assets and interests of their clients in urban developments in the rural and urban sectors, acting as administrators of premises, warehouses, shopping centers, and complying in all acts with the necessary legal requirements.

3. Represent your clients in negotiations and contracts with public or private entities

These negotiations can be employment relationships, public and private works, equipment leases.

They are also in charge of advising, preparing and declaring the fiscal obligations of their clients, such as payment of taxes, declarations of assets, request for resources and claims before the effects of State patrimony funds.

4. Prepare and manage procedures related to inheritances and successions

Said procedures refer to wills, declarations of assets, heirs and partitions.

The lawyer formalizes the separations of benefits or assets that the spouses deserve, before getting married, as well as separations of bodies and assets to process divorces, defending and protecting the rights of children, adolescents and women, complying with the rules of Gender Equality.

5. Manage copyright procedures

It is about registering the ownership of rights over a product, formula, brands, rights of possession and authorship, when the person or company has created said product and deserves to protect it from copies and plagiarism.

6. Act in commercial procedures

Lawyers can manage and represent their clients in commercial proceedings, such as expropriations, evictions, negotiations with State entities, as well as procedures to obtain licenses, credentials, authorizations and grants for foundations before State agencies.

7. Provide legal advice to companies or legal entities

The activities include the following: formation, management and settlement of companies, companies, foundations, commercial and civil societies, shareholder reorganization procedures, merger and separation of firms, legal advice for the company, financial, commercial, labor and tax commitments .

In addition, they are trained to claim, collect and settle payments, debts, commitments, obligations, whether they are with financial entities, companies or individuals.

Advise, represent and attend meetings such as partner meetings, owner meetings, shareholder assemblies, etc., recording the points to be discussed and the established agreements, in the case of the company lawyer.

On the other hand, he also participates as a mediator in situations of conflicts and contradictions, whether family, commercial, labor, financial or business, to resolve problems fairly.

8. Defend the rights of your clients in case of personal or work accidents

The lawyer represents his client before those responsible, be it the employer, public institutions or insurance companies.

Manage and claim contractual, labor and social security benefits, such as wages and salaries, bonuses, collective contracts, job security, work environment, unjustified dismissals, pensions, retirements, disability due to illness.

9. Represent your clients before courts or public bodies

When a person receives a sanction or punishment as a result of misdemeanors, breach of obligations, overdue payments, among others, they have the right to be represented by a lawyer.

He can represent his clients before complaints in the public ministry for violation of rights, medical malpractice, sexual harassment, abuse of power, acts of violence, robbery, assault, among other offenses, either to accuse or defend the parties involved.

Lawyer service guarantees

The services provided by a lawyer in defense, representation and advice of the rights and benefits of his client, have a set of endorsements or guarantees, in terms of his training, his ethical standards and his responsibility towards said clients.

1. Guarantee or endorsement of training: the lawyer studied law or law at a university, it is also part of a system of updating his knowledge, through permanent training, thus guaranteeing his clients good advice.

2. Work standards endorsement: The lawyer is governed by a set of rules and values ​​that guide his actions, or Code of Ethics, by complying with it, he identifies with his guild grouped in a Bar Association, to which he must necessarily be associated.

3. Guarantee or guarantee of commitment: It is mandatory that you contract a civil liability policy, to guarantee that you will repair the damages and losses to your clients as a result of errors or faults in the efforts due to professional negligence.


Law Office. Recovered from lawyers-lawoffice.com. Deontological Code. Recovered from icatudela.com.

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