14 julio, 2024

Veracruz natural resources

The natural resources of Veracruz They are numerous: hydrocarbons (it has close to half of the nation’s oil reserves), forestry (among which tropical forests stand out) and water resources (with its more than 40 rivers and tributaries).

Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (official name) is located in the center-east of the Mexican republic. It has a total of 210 municipalities, and its capital is Xalapa Enríquez. Its border areas are Tamaulipas to the north, the Gulf of Mexico to the east, Tabasco and Chiapas to the southeast, Oaxaca to the southwest, and Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosí to the west.

Veracruz is shaped like a crescent moon and is known for its extremely diverse topography. It comprises both coastal plains and very highlands. In fact, the highest peak in the state is also the highest mountain in Mexico: Pico de Orizaba.

The most important natural resources of Veracruz

1. Oil and gas resources

Oil is one of the main natural resources of Veracruz. This state has almost half of Mexico’s oil reserves. They are located both on land and on the coast. Its refineries process 80% of the Aztec nation’s petrochemicals.

On the other hand, the state also has large natural gas deposits.

2. Forest resources

One of Veracruz’s most significant natural resources is its forest land. Especially noteworthy are the evergreen tropical forests.

Unfortunately, much of the forest land has been destroyed due to industry. However, there are more than thirty protected areas, where native botanical species can thrive. The most common species are cedar, mahogany and ceiba. In addition, palm trees and mangroves are found in the coastal regions.

3. Water resources

This entity is rich in fluvial resources. There are more than 40 rivers and tributaries that provide water for irrigation and hydroelectric power. These flow from the mountains to the valleys, towards the Gulf of Mexico.

Some of the most important are Actopan, Pánuco, Canzones, Jamapa, Tuxpan, Acuatempan, Tecolutla, Papaloapan, Blanco, Nautla, Coatzacoalcos, Tonalá and the Antigua river. Many of them are essential for the commerce and industry of the state.

4. Mineral resources

The mineral reserves of this entity are especially non-metallic. They include silica sand, marble, quartz, limestone sand, opal, sulfur, kaolin, tin, and amethyst quartz.

The metallic ones (gold, silver, lead, iron and zinc) are found mainly in the Tuxtlas region.

5. Floors

Veracruz soils are very fertile, therefore, its agricultural potential is immense. The main agricultural products are corn and beans, but coffee, vanilla, sugar cane, tobacco, bananas, coconuts, and various types of vegetables are also grown.

Similarly, Veracruz is characterized for being one of the largest producers of cattle in the country. They are also bred pigs, goats and sheep.

6. Fishing resources

This region is abundant in fishing resources such as tuna, sawfish, oysters, clams, mullet, shrimp, sea bass and tarpon.

7. Fauna and flora

There are many wild animals that live in Veracruz. Some of these are wild boars, coyotes, ocelots, spider monkeys, and pumas, which live in various parts of the state.

Birds such as toucans, owls and woodpeckers are also found. In the coastal regions inhabit iguanas and manatees. Finally, the Tuxtlas region is home to crocodiles.

Regarding the flora, the vanilla pods that are harvested from an orchid-type plant called tlixochitl, in the city of Papantla, stand out.

References

Veracruz. Recovered from britannica.com.
Veracruz. Retrieved from nationsencyclopedia.com.
Veracruz. Recovered from siglo.inafed.gob.mx.

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