8 julio, 2024

Typical dances of La Libertad most famous

The typical dances of La Libertad, a Peruvian department located in the northwestern part of the country, are the result of the cultural syncretism of the different inhabitants who have passed through the region. Among the most important traditional dances are La marinera, Los negritos or the Quishpi condor.

In these dances indigenous, Spanish and African influences are recognized. The mixture of these cultures is what has created the rich folklore of this department. The capital of La Libertad is Trujillo, with a past rich in history that dates back to pre-Inca times.

Main typical dances of La Libertad

1. the sailor

The marinera is not only the most traditional dance in the region, it has also become one of the most popular in all of Peru. It is a dance that is performed in pairs, characterized by the use of handkerchiefs.

According to experts, this manifestation descends from dances such as the zamacueca and the mozamala, created by the mulattoes of the area.

The current name was given to it by Abelardo Gamarra Rondó in 1879. In the 20th century, in 1986, this dance was declared Cultural Heritage of the country by the National Institute of Culture. In it you can clearly see the cultural heritage left by the miscegenation between Spaniards, indigenous people and Africans.

2. the blacks

The importance of the culture that the African slaves brought to La Libertad can also be seen in this dance called Los negritos. The slaves they were taken to the department to carry out the hard tasks of the field.

According to it is affirmed, the origin of this dance is found in the rituals that the slaves did. The Spanish tried to imitate them and created this rhythm.

Currently, many fans wear masks with black faces and wear colorful clothing in many towns in the region to perform this dance.

In some versions there are also characters representing the Spaniards with a mocking tone.

3. quishpi condor

The origin of this dance is found in the town of Santiago de Chuco and presents a clear indigenous reminiscence both in its argument and in its clothing.

The dance relates an ancient legend about Quishpi, a lord in love with the King’s daughter. The monarch, not happy with the idea, orders the suitor to be bewitched and turned into a condor. In addition, the lover must dance before dawn so as not to die.

The dance is executed by a person who wears an indigenous costume with wings and the head of a condor. His movements imitate those of the bird and he is accompanied by a musician playing the pinkullo, an Andean flute.

Along with the melody you can hear the phrases “kispi-cóndor” (flee condor) and “wayra chaqui” (feet like the wind).

4. the contradanza

During the colonial era, with the harsh treatment given by the Spanish colonizers and the authorities, the dance was sometimes used to mock or ridicule those who oppressed the workers.

The contradanza is a clear example. It is based on a dance performed by Hispanics, but giving it a parody tone. Thus, the peasants danced mocking the owners of the land.

The dancers wear very colorful clothes, with straw hats and wooden sticks, which represent the swords that the Spanish carried.

5. the turks

The origin of this dance is colonial, although its background is not very clear. It is believed that the Spanish picked up this rhythm from their contacts with European Turkey and took it to America.

The clothing resembles that of the Ottoman warriors and the dance represents a fight, using the typical curved saber that these fighters carried as a weapon.

Other traditional dances

Dance of the amarus. Dance of the huanquillas of Chiclín. Dance of the bears of Huamachuco. Dance of the faithful Indian in love. Malcachugo dancers. Dance of the bandits. Dance of the deer. Dance of the snakes. Dance of the Incas. Dance of the Serranitos de Virú.

References

Trujillo and his Dances. Recovered from perunoticias.net.
Seduced by La Marinera, Peru’s National Dance. Retrieved from worldtravellist.com.

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