9 junio, 2024

Typical clothing of the Ecuadorian highlands: 8 towns

The typical clothing of the Ecuadorian highlands They are ancestral costumes frequently used by the indigenous people. Each town has its characteristic costume that distinguishes it from the others, being the clothing of the Otavalos the most prominent and common in the country.

As for the dresses worn by the women of the mountains, these are very particular, the skirts are large, long, embroidered, pleated and made of brightly colored wool. They use what is known as “anaco”, which is a piece of cloth with which they wrap the body, starting from the waist to the knees, accompanied by an embroidered crossed band at waist level.

The blouses are also embroidered on the hems and are made with multicolored shiny fabrics, and sometimes white. It is said that each community has its own variations in their dresses and accessories.

Their hair is always tied up with embroidered belts, they make a tail-shaped hairstyle on the back of their head with another embroidered sash, and they usually wear a shawl made of wool, which they use to carry objects and their babies. in her back.

For their part, men stand out for wearing mid-calf pants, with generally white shirts. In the same way, as footwear they wear sandals made of fiber cloth, known as espadrilles.

Both men and women wear hats and scarves, but on special occasions, the model depends on the music or dances they have to perform.

As for the ponchos, men and women wear them in a wide variety of colors, their size varies between long and short, depending on taste.

Clothing used by the peoples who inhabit the Ecuadorian highlands

1. The natabuelas

The men’s suit consists of a sleeveless shirt, very wide both in length and in width, and the breeches are made of cloth fabrics.

Among their wardrobe they usually keep two or three ponchos, which they wear daily, and on special occasions, the usual espadrilles and the white hat, typical of this culture.

For their part, women They carry on the head a piece of woolen cloth known by the names melafacha, anaco or fachalina, in blue or black colors.

The shirts are very long, made of cloth or Dacron, embroidered on the chest and sleeves, a ribbon that they embroider with different colors and their shoes are the traditional espadrilles.

2. The Otavalos

Women wear a very elegant suit for special occasions, consisting of a long white fabric shirt, decorated at chest level with hand-embroidered figures, with floral motifs of various colors.

These shirts have shoulder pads and lace is placed on the back, neckline and sleeves. Likewise, two anacos made of cloth fabric are placed, one white and the other navy blue or black.

These anacos are rectangular-shaped pieces of cloth that simulate a skirt and are fastened with a ribbon called chumbicomo. They are placed one on top of the other, which is generally wider, and its color is red.

The ribbons measure between 2.70 and 3.30 meters in length and between 3.5 to 4.5 centimeters in width. Wider tapes always have an additional picturesque theme.

The women’s clothing is complemented by the use of many gold-colored necklaces, bracelets made of plastic, rings, and earrings with large stones of many colors.

They also put on a cloak called fachalina, which is tied on their shoulders, made in turquoise and fuchsia colors. In their hair ribbons are tied with which they wrap the hair in the form of braids.

For their part, the men wear simpler things, a hat made of cloth, which reveals their long hair woven into a braid, as an attribute of their indigenous identity.

His pants are usually white, very short, accompanied by a simple shirt, almost always white, although sometimes their colors vary.

Wool ponchos are used to protect themselves from the inclement weather both when there are waves of cold and heat, preferably they are designed in dark blue. They wear white espadrilles.

3. The zuletas

The women wear embroidered blouses, pleated skirts up to 5 meters wide, a canvas hat, necklaces and plush espadrilles.

4. The kayambis

Like the zuletas, they keep their original costumes, made up of a red hat and ponchos, the traditional white pants, espadrilles and ribbons in their hair.

5. The Zumbahuas

The men wore white wool pants and shirts, made by hand, a red poncho, a scarf and a wool hat. Today, they wear leather shoes and trousers made by specialists.

As for the women, they still use their black woolen jackets, pieces of wool, earrings designed from very old coins and they wear their hair braided.

6. The quisapinchas

Their original costumes are maintained over time in adults, with their frequent red ponchos with stripes on the edges, white pants and small hats.

Young people dress in western style.

7. The Shibuleans

The women of this town wear black anacos to symbolize the earth, accompanied by a white hat, shirts embroidered with multicolored floral figures to honor Mother Nature.

In the same way, the men wear red ponchos, which for them means the blood spilled by their ancestors.

In addition, they wear their traditional white hat, which, like their shirts and pants, are a symbol of the purity of the people.

8. The salasacas

The women make their clothes on looms, with woolen materials, completely handmade, except for the one-piece dresses, known as cushma.

The men, for their part, dedicate themselves to the trade of weaving and dyeing clothing. His clothing consists of a white wool shirt and pants, wide-brimmed hats, and traditional espadrilles.

References

Kichwa. Recovered from kichwas.com.
Sierra clothing. Retrieved from regionsdelecuadoor.blogspot.com.

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