7 junio, 2024

Types of husky: characteristics and behavior

There are 5 types of huskies, considering as such dogs that adapt to arctic temperatures, and that are strong enough to work pulling a sled. Keep in mind that the types that we mention in this article are crosses, not breeds of dogs. Siberian husky breed there is one.

Husky is the name given to several types of dogs used to pull a sled in the northern arctic and subarctic areas, such as Canada, Alaska, and the Siberian region of Russia. In fact, it is from these last two areas that the two best-known varieties of huskies come from.

If we talk exclusively about husky dogs as a breed, the International Cynological Federation (FCI), which is the organization that is in charge of stipulating the standards of each canine breed, only recognizes one: the Siberian husky.

The different types of husky and their characteristics

1. Siberian Husky

This is considered to be the original husky breed. The Siberian Husky comes from Northeast Siberia, specifically from Chikotka, Russia. It is a completely Nordic race that has a certain resemblance to wolves.

They were originally bred by the Chukchi tribe, who used them for herding work, pulling sleds, and as companion dogs.

They are characterized by always being alert. They are robust, but not heavy. On the contrary, they are very light, which makes them very fast. They have a compact and muscular body, well covered with hair.

Their fur is usually abundant and dense, but of medium length. Siberian Huskies change their coat twice a year. For this reason they need to be brushed vigorously three times a week at least.

This type of dog needs a lot of exercise, so they prefer to be outside. They love to walk and run. As for their personality, they are friendly with both people and other dogs. They tend to be independent, but not solitary. In fact, because they are used to living in packs, they can’t stand loneliness.

2. Alaskan Husky

The Alaskan husky is not a breed in itself, but a type of dog named for it because it is dedicated to the work of pulling a sled. These dogs are descended from Siberian wolves.

In fact, many of them have Siberian Husky DNA. They were brought to this region between 1908 and 1909 by the fur trader William Goosak for a sled race.

This type of husky is basically a mixed-breed sled dog that is characterized by its working capacity and not its appearance. Compared to Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Huskies have a slimmer build and less fur. Their heads are also thinner and longer than the Siberian variety, and their eyes are further apart on the sides.

Like Siberians, Alaskan Huskies can have blue or brown eyes. It is worth noting that although huskies are usually known for having blue eyes, only 20% of them have this color.

Another 20% have them of a mixed color, that is, one brown and one blue, for example. And the rest have them brown. There are also crosses between the Alaskan husky and the Siberian husky. They are called American Alaskan Eskimo Dogs.

3. Sakhalin Husky

This type of husky is also known as a Karafuto dog. It is a rather rare Japanese sled breed, even in its native country. This variety corresponds to a Spitz-type breed that was developed at the beginning of the 20th century.

The origin of the Sakhalin husky is not exactly known, but it is believed that it descends from two breeds from the region: the Japanese Spitz and the Akita.

Like the other varieties of husky, the Sakhalin have been used to pull sleds, for game hunting, and as watchdogs. The ears of this type of dog are small, pointed and slightly tilted forward.

As with other Spitz-type breeds, its tail curls up and is brought up to rest on its back. This Japanese variety has an average height of 55 to 65 cm and a weight of between 30 and 40 kilos.

When it comes to personality, this type of dog is dedicated, obedient, affectionate, and very loyal. For this reason, it is usually one of the best breeds to have as a family pet.

Like the other types of huskies, this variety is very energetic, so you have to keep them busy, whether it’s working or playing. If he doesn’t get enough exercise, he can become a destructive dog.

4. Mackenzie River Husky

This is the name used to describe a wide variety of dogs from the arctic and subarctic regions of Alaska and Canada.

Mackenzie River Huskies were named for a river located in Alaska and date back to the 1800s. These dogs are not a breed per se, but rather a type of sled dog. They were the result of crossing huskies with dogs originating in Europe, such as the Newfoundland and the Saint Bernard.

Appearance-wise, it is a large dog with a long tail and long, thick, thick fur. They can be of any color and can weigh between 28 and 47 kilos. Its height is between 66 and 73 centimeters.

Regarding their temperament, Mackenzie River huskies usually get along well with other dogs and are also easy to train. Naturally, they adapt very well to cold climates and require regular brushing. On the other hand, they need to have a moderate level of activity.

5.Labrador Huskies

Although by name it might appear that the Labrador Husky is a cross between a Labrador Retriever and a Siberian Husky, this is not the case. This type of dog is a completely separate breed that has many similarities with wolves, and very little is known about it.

The exact origin of the Labrador husky is unknown. But it is well known that this breed was developed in a region in northern Canada known as Labrador. Hence the name of the breed.

They are very intelligent dogs and because they learn quickly, they can be easily trained. Regarding their weight, they can weigh between 27 and 45 kilos. And they can measure between 50 and 70 centimeters. The females of this breed are usually slightly smaller than the males.

As for their temperament, they are usually friendly and affectionate by nature. They get along very well with children when they grow up together. And although they are calm, they also need exercise. It is better not to leave them alone for a long time because it could cause behavior problems.

References

canine encyclopedia. Recovered from petspfi.com.
Different Types Of Huskies. Recovered from hettahuskies.com.
Sakhalin Husky. Retrieved from dogspuppiesforsale.com.
Labrador Huskies. Recovered from petguide.com.
Dowling, D. Mackenzie River Huskies Historical Info. Retrieved from sleddogcentral.com.

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