8 julio, 2024

Traditional games of Campeche

Main traditional games of Campeche They are the spinning top, the kimbomba, jumping the rope, the marbles, the balero, the lottery or the piñata. These are common to other regions of Mexico. As Campeche is a more rural state and with particular demographic characteristics, traditional games still survive.

The survival of these folk traditions depends on oral and practical transmission from generation to generation. These customs are part of the culture and idiosyncrasies of the Campechano people.

main traditional games of Campeche

1. The spinning top

The spinning top is one of the most popular traditional games in Mexico and, by extension, in the state of Campeche.

It consists of a top with a pointed end, usually made of metallic material, and a string that is wrapped around the top.

To play, the top is thrown with force against a flat surface, usually the ground, unwinding the string in one go.

It is about getting the top to spin on itself for as long as possible. In Campeche and Mexico one of the peculiarities is the manual decoration of the spinning tops. They are made of wood and sometimes present handmade motifs with Mayan representations.

2. The marbles

Marbles are small spherical balls that can be made of multiple materials: glass, ceramic, wood, steel, among others.

Although marbles are versatile in providing playability, the dynamic is almost always the same.

Marbles are thrown with the purpose of getting closer to other marbles or to a target point on the ground. In Mexico, the main game variants are the circle, the rhombus and the choya.

3. The bearing

The ball bearing is a traditional game that is made up of two parts: a stick or stem and a perforated ball tied to it with a string.

The object of the game is to insert the stick into the hole in the ball. To do this, you have to resort to movements reminiscent of juggling.

The difficulty lies in controlling the force and trajectory of the ball. It is important to master the movements of the wrist to increase the chances of success.

The set is generally made of wood and the decoration of the ball gives rise to creativity and artistic ingenuity. It is common to find manual paintings, drawings, caricatures or other handmade prints, with a lot of color.

4. The lottery

The Mexican lottery is a game of chance that is made up of a deck of 54 cards plus an indefinite number of cards or tables.

The cards are illustrated with characters such as a clown, a rooster, a devil, among others. In cards or tables, each player randomly receives 16 of the cards included in the game.

As the lottery cards are drawn blindly, each player marks those that he has on his card or table until he completes his and proclaims himself the winner.

There are different rules that are established prior to the start of the game. In essence, it is an indigenous version of the traditional number bingo found in European and North American casinos.

5. The Pinata

By definition, the piñata is a pot usually made of clay with seven spikes that represent the seven deadly sins. This pot is tied to a metal wire that keeps it suspended at a height of about two meters.

Present in outdoor celebrations, the piñata is of Mexican origin, although its use became popular in other countries and continents.

Inside the piñata, which someone blindfolded must hit with a stick, there are fruits, toys, sweets and other prizes. The objective is to break the pot and distribute the contents.

6. Kimbomba

Two pieces of wood are used, one diamond-shaped (9 cm) and another, longer (25 cm). A 40 x 40 cm square is painted on the ground and the kimbomba is placed in the center. This is hit on the ground, and when it jumps it must be «hit» with the long wood. It is a traditional Mayan game.

7. Jump rope

It is a traditional game of many countries. Two players hold a rope at both ends and twirl it. A third must jump it as many times in a row as he can. Whoever does it the most times wins.

8. The Enchanted

It is a game of many players, where one must «enchant» or hypnotize another, and the others disenchant him. Whoever manages to charm everyone wins.

9. Fishing fishing

It is a variation of the previous one, and very popular in Campeche. One boy or girl «catch» another, and that other person is designated to catch as many as he can.

10. Search search

It is the traditional game of hide and seek. One child is designated to look for the others, while he counts to a certain number, and the others hide.

References

Gretel Garcia and Eduardo Torrijos (1999). Traditional Mexican Games: fun activities to preserve our culture. Ed. Selector.
traditional mexican games Recovered from euroresidentes.com.
He runs and runs away, the Mexican lottery. Recovered from eluniversal.com.mx.

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