8 junio, 2024

Timber plants: what they are, types and examples

What are timber plants?

The timber plants They are generally medium or large size trees that are cut down to extract the wood. This material will be used for certain purposes, such as construction, paper, etc.

Timber trees are broadly classified into softwood, semi-hardwood, and hardwood trees.

Today more than 100,000 timber species are known, but it is estimated that only 500 of those species are marketable. In addition, most of the wood obtained from these trees is used in countries distant from those where they are native.

This is governed by the international trade code for flora and fauna, and includes timber species suitable for trading and exporting. Although the work areas to obtain the wood are extremely extensive, it must be considered that several species are already in danger of extinction.

Plants, in addition to being used to extract wood or for construction, can have other applications, such as medicine.

Types of timber plants

As stated before, timber plants are classified into three types: hardwood, semi-hardwood, and softwood trees.

hardwoods

They are the best quality, since they have more resistance, and are used for the construction of furniture, floors, roofs and even houses. They are expensive, but they have a superior quality that makes them last for years, compared to other types.

In addition, they have resistance to some pests, such as termites.

semi hard woods

They are also used to make furniture and openings but of a lower quality. They are easier to get in the market, because they also have a lower price and are more accessible.

softwoods

Due to a quality issue, this type is not used to build furniture or houses, but to make more common products, such as vegetable drawers, baskets and even paper.

The five timber trees most at risk of extinction

The high rate of illegal timber trafficking contributes to the decline of some of the most valuable existing timber species, for example: abarco, mahogany and cedar.

These species and others are affected above all by overexploitation and fragmentation of their habitat.

Although laws have been established worldwide regarding the commercialization of these species, the reality is that defense organizations have tried, through all kinds of campaigns, protests and struggles, to stop this practice, although it has not been achieved. yet to a concrete agreement.

I encompass: It is used to make baskets and footwear, also in the construction of canoes, boats and furniture, decorative veneers and bodywork.

Cedar: It is used mainly in fine furniture, boats, musical instruments, canoes and sculptures. Every effort is made to prevent their exploitation.

Mahogany: It is used for turnery, boats, musical instruments, carvings, among others. If its trade is not regulated, it may be one of the most affected species, since it is also one of the most used.

Cinnamon: It is a source of fiber, iron and calcium. Used as an anesthetic, it is also a substitute for cinnamon, to flavor foods.

Pink stick: It has an oil that is used in the manufacture of perfumes and soaps. Its wood is used for the manufacture of sheets, floors, tool handles, etc.

Timber trees according to their leaf

Timber trees are also classified according to their leaf:

Fallen Leaf

They are the trees that, depending on the season and the climate, will eliminate 100% of their leaves. For example, in the coldest times of the year, both autumn and winter, these are the trees whose leaves change color until they dry up, wither and then fall off on their own.

These same trees in summer or spring begin to show a green, leafy, colorful layer. This has a reason for being, and that is that when this tree «undresses» in winter, it allows the sun’s rays to reach the ground faster, and its natural moisture to evaporate, among other advantages.

In summer, its large crown provides a pleasant shade and protects the soil from its natural moisture.

Evergreen

They are those trees, regardless of the weather or the season of the year, keep all their leaves. These trees make their leaf changes, but it is no longer according to the season, but in a slower and longer way, taking up to 10 years to renew their foliage.

Examples of timber plants

chiche (Aspidosperma megalocarpum)

Palo Maria (Calophylum brasiliense cambess)

flying guava (amazon terminalia)

Spring (Cybistax donnell-smithii either Tabebuia donnell-smithii Rose)

Huanacastle (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)

red ant (Platymiscium dimorphandrum)

Oak (Tabebuia pentaphylla (L.) Hemsl. Quercus oleoides)

mulatto stick (Bursera simaruba)

cedar and red cedar (cedrela odorata either mexican cedrela)

cuaulot (guazuma ulmifolia)

turkey tail (Hymenolobium mesoamericanum)

Otate (bambusa vulgaris)

Guarumbo (cecropia obtusifolia)

manaca (scheelea peruzzi)

Bamboo (Class guadua angustifolia)

Chalum (Ingas)

mountain island (american dracaena)

pink cocoa grinder (Quararibea funebris)

stick bread (Artocarpus altilis)

white sheet (Calathea lutea)

pacaya (Chamadorea tepijilote)

juste or ramon (Brosimum alicastrum)

ylang ylang (golden cananga)

Cinnamon (cinnamon)

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao)

legsthe (Theobroma bicolor)

Mammy (Pouteria sapota)

Avocado (american persea)

Soursop (Annona muricata)

Lemon (Citrus limonum)

Coconut (cocos nucifera)

annatto (bixie orelana)

soap (Sapindus saponaria)

Palmax (Real clap your hands)

neem (Azadirachta indica)

Yaite (Gliriceda sepium)

Planting timber trees or the end of the activity?

Forestry activity produces a lot of profitability, but a very big disadvantage: the time it takes to harvest. But this brings with it another drawback.

As it is an activity that has been carried out for a long time, the workers in the field have been more concerned with extracting and taking advantage of the resources, than with replenishing what was being extracted. This brings up the question, and later the debate, of whether this resource and the activity have a deadline, or even worse, an expiration date.

In some areas where there are few timber plants left, waste leaves and branches continue to be used, and this gradually turns the production of other products into ones of low or, at least, dubious quality.

For this reason, it would be necessary to consider whether this activity in a few more years will continue to bring profits to producers and benefits to consumers.

References

Timber trees. Recovered from eljardin.ws.
ECOLOGICAL LAAURORA AVENIDA CENTRAL S/N 30680 COL FRANCISCO SARABIA TUZANTAN CHP. Recovered from ecologicoslaaurorasc.com.mx.

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