10 junio, 2024

The Typical Costumes of the Andean Region of Colombia

The typical costumes of the Andean region of Colombia They are marked by the traditional mountain culture that characterizes the region. Considered «the heart of Colombia», it is one of the most picturesque, cold and traditional regions of the entire country.

The characteristic typical costume of the man usually includes long pants with a patterned shirt and espadrilles always accompanied by a hat, a ruana and a carriel.

In this region, the ruana is the most typical traditional artisan product made of 100% high quality wool; while the carriel is a kind of soft and resistant leather portfolio.

In the case of women, it is usual to wear a long flowered skirt in different shades and a warm, long-sleeved white blouse with a high neck combined with a hat, espadrilles and always the characteristic braided hairstyle.

Characteristic costumes of the Andean region of Colombia

And, although that is the characteristic costume, the region is made up of the departments of: Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Huila, Santander, Quindío, Risaralda and Tolima.

Each one of them with marked cultural manifestations that reflect the wealth of one of the most important regions of Colombia and that with its different dances and traditions, have a wide variety of traditional costumes.

The popular costume of the Antioquian “muleteer”

Considered one of the most popular typical costumes of the Andean region of Colombia and Antioquia for being the paisa symbol par excellence and being used since ancient times.

The costume consists of rolled-up linen pants and a collarless long-sleeved shirt with a striped blanket over the shoulder. Being common to use espadrilles and the typical carriel and poncho.

The carriel consists of a small leather or ocelot skin bag that has existed since the times of the conquest when the Americans who worked in the Colombian mines carried bags that they called «carry-all» in English.

According to tradition, each carriel must contain a cóngolo (bull’s eye), a beast’s claw, the teeth of Santa Apolonia, dice, a barbera, a lighter, a playing card, tobacco and silver.

In addition, in his pockets he carries the portrait of the beloved woman, hair chains, saints’ prints and the novena to the souls.

The «Tapapinche» is also typical, a kind of apron that the man must wear over his pants and that is usually light ecru in color.

Originally, it was used to cover the male organ, which went outside the pants so that day laborers could work and urinate more easily.

In the case of women, their typical costume is that of the «Chapolera», that is, the woman who collects the coffee.

The typical clothing consists of a black skirt with colored ribbons, a white blouse with a square or round neckline and baggy sleeves, and espadrilles.

In the hair it is common to make braids knotted with bows and in the ears the best «golden candongas» should be placed, namely tendrils.

Boyacá and his Chibcha costume

The typical female wardrobe of the Cundiboyense highlands consists of using a striped cotton skirt with wide ruffles and bright colors. On the edges of the skirt it is customary to have applications of colors and drawings.

It is common to put on the «chircate», a square blanket that is cinched at the waist; and the «liquira» another blanket that should go over the shoulders and pinned to the chest with a gold or silver pin. While on the feet the typical espadrilles should be used.

In the case of men, clothing is simple, including long wool pants, a cotton shirt, and espadrilles.

It is customary for the man to put on a hat made of «palm nut» braid and palm branch fiber, and that the shirt is a military collar with a button on the left shoulder and the cuffs and neck should be dotted with black.

Caldas and its dances

In this department, the typical costume is usually similar to the traditional Antioquia, however, it has some small differences. In Caldas it is customary to dance two traditional dances, namely «Pasillo» and «Bambuco», which give the typical costume a different twist.

to dance the AisleIt is common for women to wear a full one-piece suit, showy and colorful, using two petticoats and leaving their feet bare.

In the case of men, long white pants and shirt, espadrilles and a straw hat are used.

For him bambucothe man should wear pants rolled up to the calves and a striking shirt accompanied by a neckerchief.

It is necessary to include a white hat, the carriel and the machete at the waist. In the case of women, a half-sleeved blouse and a skirt with horizontal stripes of different colors are used. It is also customary to put on a small hat.

Cundinamarca and its peasant costume

In the case of men’s clothing, this is usually similar to those described above. However, it is the woman’s outfit that stands out.

The typical costume is usually a combination of Hispanic and indigenous elements where a skirt with hand-embroidered ornaments is usually used, which can be of different colors and designs.

These decorations are usually representations of Aboriginal mythology, and it is also traditional for petticoats to be combined with the design of the skirt.

The blouse must be of white fabric with an embroidered plunging neckline on the neck and sleeves. It is tradition to use two braids in the hair tied with showy red ribbons and striking necklaces and earrings. White espadrilles with black ribbons are used on the feet.

The traditional Huila skirt

The typical costume of the department of Huila is quite traditional, with the difference that the women’s skirts are usually special because they are hand-painted and decorated with various die-cut applications of flowers, leaves, sequins, and lace.

In the case of the blouse, it is usually white and must also contain embroidered lace. Women tend to comb their hair with bows or braids and wear the famous hand-woven pindo hat with flowers.

The simplicity of Santander

The popular Antioquia suit is usually used with the difference that the man usually uses leather ankle boots instead of espadrilles.

In the case of women, their hair, instead of being collected with braids, usually has ribbons of attractive colors and combs.

On the neck it is characteristic to place a velvet ribbon with a medallion of Christ that must match the earrings.

Popular costumes of Quindío, Risaralda and Tolima

In the case of Quindío, the dress of Antioquia is also followed. However, women’s hair is usually decorated with natural flowers, while aprons with decorated flowers should be used on the skirts.

In Risaralda, the traditional costume is the one that is usually used with the difference that the woman must wear a headscarf that must be covered by a straw hat.

Finally, in Tolima it is a tradition for women to wear a skirt with a single striking color that will have appliqués, bodice and different ties as decoration.

References

typical outfits. Recovered from discovering the literatura paisa.blogspot.com.
tolimense culture. Recovered from culturatolimense.wordpress.com.
The Andean region. Retrieved from colombia.com.
Andean region. Retrieved from colombia.travel.
Andean region. Retrieved from departamentodecaldas.blogspot.com.

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