7 junio, 2024

The meaning of the national anthem of Venezuela

He meaning of the national anthem of Venezuela it is related to the first attempt of Venezuelans to achieve independence. Sand title Glory to the brave peopleand was adopted as the national anthem in 1881 by then-president Antonio Guzmán Blanco.

The members of the Patriotic Society in Caracas decided to create a patriotic song to encourage and encourage people in the revolution against Spain. The lyrics were written by the journalist and doctor Vicente Salias in 1810, the music was later composed by the musician Juan José Landaeta.

While Venezuelan independence was declared in 1811, both the anthem’s composer and lyricist were executed by a Spanish squad in 1814.

Meaning of the hymn: Glory to the brave people

First stanza

Down with chains! (Bis)

shouted the lord (bis),

and the poor in his hut

Freedom asked:

to this holy name

trembled with fear

the vile selfishness

which again triumphed.

These words are a reference to the desired independence and freedom that Venezuelans sought. Their goal was to be released, hence the words «down in chains.» It is a metaphor for the desire they had to free themselves from the chains imposed by the Spanish.

The lyrics also point out the importance of achieving independence, both for rich and poor: «Down with chains! The man shouted, and the poor man in his hut asked for freedom.»

This suggests that the desire for freedom was shared by both the nobles and the rich, as well as the poor in their barracks.

All the Venezuelan people, regardless of their stratum or social level, wanted independence from Spain. In this context, the word freedom made despots and tyrants freak out.

Venezuelans wanted to achieve freedom to free themselves from the chains of oppression. «The vile selfishness that once again triumphed trembled with fear at this holy name» refers to the representatives of the Spanish Crown, to their greed, desire for power and selfishness.

The repression accumulated during more than 300 years of exploitation of their lands and their men, as well as colonialism, illegalities and the differentiation of castes, had triumphed for too long.

second verse

Let’s shout with brio (bis)

Death to oppression! (Bis)

faithful compatriots,

strength is union;

and from the empyrean

the Supreme Author,

a sublime breath

he instilled in the people.

In this part, the need for unity among Venezuelans is noted in order to defeat the Spanish tyranny: a united people will be able to win.

That is why the lines of «faithful compatriots, strength is unity.» Only a united people who fight for their freedom will be able to defeat tyranny, their strength lies in their union.

«Let’s shout loudly, death to oppression» is a call to end the oppression of the Spanish. People are encouraged to shout it out with energy and courage in order to end the domination. It serves as a call to encourage the masses against the regime.

The phrase «And from the Empyrean, the Supreme Author gave a sublime breath to the people» can be interpreted as a reference to the superior or to God.

This supreme being encouraged the Venezuelan people so that they would not lose hope of fighting against tyranny. A call to continue their fight and their cause.

third verse

United with ties (bis)

that the sky formed (bis)

all America

exists in nation;

and if despotism

raise your voice,

follow the example

that Caracas gave

Something important to emphasize, and that the Spaniards themselves noted, was the invitation to the rest of America to conceive the same thing that Venezuela was doing: fight for its independence.

The Spanish also considered as a scandal the fact that Venezuela urged the rest of the Latin American countries to take the example of their capital as a model in their fight for independence.

Venezuela, and Caracas specifically, was the first town in the region to demonstrate its need and desire to rebel against the Spanish Empire.

For this reason, it could be taken as a model to follow in the search for independence from the Spanish.

Venezuelans wanted all Latin American countries to free themselves from the Spanish yoke, hence the lyrics of «And if despotism raises its voice, follow the example that Caracas gave»

The phrase «United with ties that heaven formed, America all exists as a nation» emphasizes that God and superior actions united the American countries in a heavenly bond, or in a bond that went beyond the earthly field.

This phrase also refers to what many heroes of independence, including the Liberator of America, Simón Bolívar, sought: the union of the countries of Latin America as a great country.

The dream of that time was Gran Colombia: eventually all the countries would unite and America would not be a continent, but a great country.

Chorus

Glory to the brave people

that the yoke threw

the Law respecting,

virtue and honor.

In this part reference is made to the great honor of the people of Caracas and Venezuela, which being Bravo or brave, dared to free himself from the yoke and of the repressive chains. In other words, he dared to escape from the Spanish Crown. The phrase «the law respecting virtue and honor» suggests the civic will of the people.

References

National anthems info: Venezuela. Retrieved from nationalanthems.info.
Glory to the brave people. Retrieved from es.wikipedia.org.

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