7 junio, 2024

The 8 Most Important Types of Concept Maps

The types of concept maps Common ones include the spider, the hierarchical, the organizational chart, the systematic, the multidimensional, the landscape, and the hypermedia concept map.

A concept map is a diagram or scheme that demonstrates the relationships between different concepts. It is a way of transmitting information graphically, since it can help to structure the information. In this way it is easier to understand said information in a visual way.

These diagrams are widely used in schools, engineering, and design. They are an excellent way to develop logical thinking and study skills. This is so because they reveal the connection that exists between various concepts; this way you can understand how individual ideas form a bigger idea.

The different types of concept maps are different ways of graphically representing some information. Each map has its advantages and disadvantages, so you have to analyze which is the most appropriate according to each situation.

The main types of concept maps

1- Spider concept map

These maps are those in which the central word is placed in the middle of the map. In this way, the branches around this word can be removed with the secondary ideas of the topic.

It’s called a spider concept map because when it’s finished, the branches look like the legs of a spider.

This type of concept map is very easy to set up and very easy to read and understand. It also has the advantage that all the information is related around a unified theme.

The negative of this map is that the relationships between the concepts are difficult to show without making the structure look messy, so it can be difficult to read.

That is why it does not allow the integration of all the information and all the relationships between the concepts.

2- Hierarchical or chronological map

In these maps, a base concept is placed at the top of the diagram. From this concept, the rest of the ideas will be broken down.

Keep in mind that these ideas should always go from the broadest to the most specific; that is, they go in hierarchical order according to their importance.

Concepts are usually enclosed in circles or boxes. The main concept is placed in a larger box or circle.

The nice thing about hierarchical maps is that they follow a definite pattern; it is known that the general information is located at the top and that it will move down, locating the more specific information. For that reason they are very easy to read.

On the other hand, the disadvantage is that they do not show the relationship between the information, which limits critical thinking and problem solving.

3- Organizational charts

These diagrams represent information linearly. In this way the flowchart can be read in one direction; this makes the concept map make sense. The flowcharts are very easy to understand.

The biggest advantage is that the data is organized in a logical and orderly way. On the other hand, these concept maps do not allow much information to be placed, so they are usually quite incomplete. Furthermore, it is not possible to use them for critical thinking.

4- Systematic conceptual map

They are very similar to organizational charts, except that in systematic concept maps you can break down branches in which other ideas or concepts are expanded. Basically what this means is that inputs and outputs can be added to these maps.

Systematic maps are more complex concept maps that allow demonstrating reciprocal relationships between concepts; they usually have more arrows indicating the various relationships and overlaps between the concepts.

For that reason they are very complete; all the information can be included in the map and many relationships between the concepts are shown.

Systematic concept maps are good for linking theory and practice; they also allow logical thinking to be used.

But due to the amount of information included, they can be difficult to read and understand. Additionally, they take a long time to complete.

5- Multidimensional concept map

In these maps the design is developed starting from a figure, either two-dimensional or three-dimensional. Two-dimensional concept maps have the same structure as an organizational chart.

Stated another way, a multidimensional concept map is an organizational chart organized into a more complicated figure that takes a two- or three-dimensional form. This adds dynamism to the diagram; It’s like a slightly more complex organization chart.

6- Conceptual landscape map

These concept maps are designed from a landscape structure. They start at some point and the information begins to be diagrammed according to the image or design that you want to make.

In the end, the landscape concept map should make sense since the idea is that the concepts are integrated into the landscape and form a particular image or design.

7- Hypermedia concept map

All concept maps can be converted into a hypermedia map. In this type of maps, the idea is that each concept or structure of the diagram leads to a multimedia link; that’s where its name comes from.

These types of maps are very good at expanding information. Hyperlinks allow much more information to be added that would not otherwise be possible.

8- Concept map of mandala

In this kind of concept map, information is presented in a format that includes interconnected geometric shapes that represent the relationships between concepts.

They are usually done on a computer in order to add eye-catching visual effects to the reader and thus focus their attention on the most important parts.

References

Definition and types of concept maps (2007). Recovered from auxiduraconton.blogspot.com
Types of concept maps. Recovered from tiposde.org
7 examples of concept maps with images. Recovered from tugimnasiacerebral.com
Concept map. Retrieved from wikipedia.org
Kinds of concept maps. Recovered from ucolick.org
Concept map. Retrieved from study.com
Types of concept maps. Recovered from vitalcurriculum.com

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