6 junio, 2024

The 8 Examples of Most Relevant Graphic Resources

Some examples graphic resource They are maps and diagrams. They are tools that can be used in any field to achieve an understanding of the information that you want to transmit.

These resources are used in order to highlight the most relevant aspects of a topic. With these the content is included to ensure that the receiver captures the information.

Through these resources, learning is promoted and critical thinking is developed, allowing the possibility of expanding the ability to summarize and investigate.

There is a wide variety of graphic resources. To use them, the variables to be represented must be clear, in order to choose the type that best suits the topic to be explained.

Among the most important graphic resources are synoptic tables, concept maps, mental maps, diagrams and photographs, among others.

Main examples of graphic resources

1- Tables

It is one of the oldest forms of graphic representation. It consists of writing data in a list, placing each of these in an order.

That order can be to establish importance, numerical or alphabetical classification, among other criteria.

Normally the table consists of the location of data in rows and columns to form a cell. This cell will give the cross information of both rows located in the corresponding row and column.

2- Diagrams

This resource exposes the information in an illustrated way. Through this medium, it is possible to explain in a comprehensive and detailed way what a photo alone cannot explain or what a table is unable to capture with the naked eye.

They are very useful to represent information that highlights heights, hierarchies or levels. An example of this can be a relief diagram of a region or country.

3- Graphs

This resource is very useful to represent numerical data in the form of figures. In a graph, statistical data can be observed that provide information about trends, projections or results of any variable that is studied.

There are various types of graphs. The best known are the following:

Of bars

They represent in a Cartesian plane the evolution or the changes that may have occurred in a period of time.

An example of this can be the measurement of the rainfall rate during a particular year.

Circular

Through this resource, data resulting from the breakdown of a sum of a particular element can be represented proportionally.

This representation system is useful to represent a population census where it is desired to know the different socioeconomic levels of the population.

4- Concept maps

These maps are used to order information by priority or hierarchy.

The main ideas or points are enclosed in circles or rectangles, which are linked to others through arrows or lines. The lines indicate the position of an element with respect to the previous one.

5- Mental maps

Through these it is possible to represent the main ideas of a topic with symbols or related images. There are topics that, due to their degree of complexity or amount of information, must be adequate for the best collection of data.

Upon receiving the images, the mind makes associations that quickly form an idea in each individual.

This resource uses all cortical capacities such as words, numbers, rhythm, logic, image and spatial perception. Its representation is not linear as in the case of a scheme.

In the center of the map the image with the main theme is placed and from there branches are born where other images related to the theme are placed. It is read in a clockwise direction.

6- Synoptic tables

Summary tables are used to make schematic representations of data or topics that have categories and subcategories.

The schemes are made using the use of keys, which are placed from left to right depending on the development of the theme.

7- Infographic

Graphic resource of greater elaboration due to the fact that it combines the image technique with precise and well-structured information. They are intended to summarize a topic and make it more attractive through illustrations, graphics or images.

8- Word cloud

Or ‘word cloud’, it is a graphic representation of the words that appear in a text. Those words that appear more frequently will have a larger size in the cloud, while those with less presence will be smaller.

References

Alicia Core J, LT (1995). How to Develop Mathematical Logical Reasoning. Santiago de Chile: University Editorial.
Antonio Ontoria Peña, JP (2002). Learning with mental maps: A strategy for thinking and studying. Madrid. Spain: Narcea Editions.
Blockhead, T. (2015). Mind Map Notebook. Blurb.
Jordi Pericot, JP (2022). Show to say: the image in context. Barcelona – Spain: Autonomous University of Barcelona.
Jose Arellano Sanchez, MS (2009). Research with Conceptual Maps: Methodological processes. Madrid. Spain: NARCEA, SA

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