7 junio, 2024

The 8 Best Known Field Tests

What are field trials?

The Field tests are one of the two branches into which athletics is divided, and basically bring together all those sports disciplines that are carried out in the center of the sports venue, which is surrounded by the track, where the other branch is carried out (the track tests ).

Many of the field events are truly ancient sports that, some with very little modification, remain today and are very important Olympic disciplines.

In fact, track and field events are the ones with the largest number of followers every four years, when the modern Olympic Games are held.

Broadly, track and field can be divided into competitions that involve running, jumping, and throwing. The first ones belong to the track tests, while the other two make up the so-called field tests.

Field trials and their Olympic winners

1- Long jump or long jump

This competition consists of the longest and most powerful jump possible that the athlete must give after an energetic, but relatively short race that allows him to gain momentum.

The jump must start at a certain place, marked by a line on the floor. If the athlete steps on or passes said line, the jump is considered void.

To achieve greater distance, the athlete pushes forward with both legs. The distance jumped is measured from the ground mark to the nearest mark made in the sand by the athlete’s body as it fell.

This is a discipline dominated by Anglo-Saxons where the legendary Carl Lewis (USA) stands out with 4 gold medals in his entire Olympic history.

In Rio 2016, another North American, Jeff Henderson, won gold by jumping 8.38 meters. In women, she won Tianna Bartoletta of the United States (7.17 meters).

2- Triple jump

In the triple jump, the total distance covered by the athlete is measured by taking 3 long steps or strides after a race to gain momentum. The jump must start at a certain place, marked by a line on the floor.

If the athlete steps on or passes said line, the jump is considered invalid. The first step is taken by landing on one foot, the second jump with the opposite foot and in the third and last jump he must land with both feet on a sandy surface.

A curious fact is that the American Christian Taylor won the gold medal in Rio 2016 and London 2012 and was escorted by his countryman Will Claye on both occasions.

The women’s honor roll in this discipline was made up of the Colombian Caterine Ibarguen (15.17 m), Yulimar Rojas from Venezuela (14.98 m) and Olga Rypakova from Kazakhstan (14.74 m).

3- High jump or high jump

The high jump consists of generating the necessary momentum, after a short run, to be able to jump over a horizontal bar without knocking it over.

This bar is placed between two vertical supports and at a higher height with each jump. Athletes have three opportunities at each height; as they manage to overcome it, they go on to the eliminatory and final instances.

Since 1968, the jump has been done with your back to the bar; Before this date, it was done in reverse, that is, ventrally.

Being able to jump above our own height is almost unthinkable. However, these athletes manage to jump over 2.30 meters with the sole impulse of their legs.

Derek Drouin of Canada won gold in Rio by jumping 2.38 meters. The Spanish Ruth Beitia took the women’s gold.

4- Vault with pole or pole

It is similar to the high jump, but in this modality the athlete helps himself to jump with a long stick or pole with a certain flexibility that gives him more momentum. This rod measures between 4 and 5 meters long and is made of high-strength fiberglass.

The athlete makes a short run with the pole in his hands and calculates the exact point where he must stick it into the ground and jump, to pass over the bar placed between two vertical supports. The jump is done with both legs in front of the body and the athlete lands on a mat.

Brazilian Thiago Braz Da Silva won the gold medal at the Rio 2016 Games and also became the first athlete in this discipline to jump over 6 meters (6.03) in this event.

In the women’s category, Ekaterini Stefanidi from Greece won the last gold medal, but the figure of the Russian Yelena Isinbaeva is noteworthy, who holds the record for the most Olympic medals won in this discipline, with gold in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008 and bronze in London 2012. In Rio he did not participate.

5- Shot put

The bullet is a solid metal ball weighing 7.26 kg for the men’s category and 4 kg for the women’s. On a surface of 2.1 meters in diameter marked on the floor – and from which the athlete must not leave – the throw is made towards the field.

To throw the shot, the athlete must hold it with his hand between his shoulder and chin and propel himself with his body, crouching slightly and extending his arm in the throw.

The distance achieved is measured from the edge of the throwing circle to the place on the field where the bullet impacts.

In the most recent Olympics, the gold was won by American Ryan Crouser, who also set a new Olympic record for throwing the shot at 22.52 meters.

In the women’s bullet, the American Michelle Carter won with a result of 20.63 meters.

6- Discus throw

The disc is approximately 22 centimeters in diameter and 2 kilos in weight (18 centimeters and 1 kilo for women). On a circular surface of 2.5 meters in diameter marked on the ground -and from which they must not leave until the disc has fallen on the field-, the athlete performs the movements for the launch, which consist of several turns on himself himself to get a good momentum when it comes to extending his arm and releasing the puck that will fall on the field.

At the 2016 Rio Olympics, the gold medal was won by German Christoph Harting, throwing the discus 68.37 meters away.

However, the American Al Oerter holds the gold record in this discipline with a total of 4; His last medal was obtained at the Tokyo 64 games.

Sandra Perkovic from Croatia emerged as the winner in 2016 with a mark of 69.21 meters.

7- Hammer throw

The hammer consists of a heavy metal ball attached to a handle by a wire. The set weighs about 7.26 kg and measures 1.2 meters in length.

In a circle similar to that of the shot put, the athlete stands with the hammer gripped by the handle with both hands, rotates it 2-3 times above and below his head, and then rotates 2-3 times on himself to build momentum and release the hammer up and into the demarcated field.

Tajikistan’s Dilshod Nazarov took Olympic gold in Rio by throwing the hammer 78.68 meters from the starting point.

Currently, this is a discipline dominated almost entirely by East Asians, who made their way to the Westerners who achieved glory at the beginning of the last century: an American –John Flanagan- holds the record for three gold medals (1900 , 1904 and 1908) and Ireland’s Patrick O’Callaghan, who won gold in the 1928 and 1932 games.

Anita Wlodarczyk of Poland won her second gold medal by throwing 82.29 in Rio de Janeiro. She the other she had won in London in 2012, throwing 77.60 meters, a sample of how the performance of athletes advances every four years.

8- Javelin throw

The javelin is a spear with a metal tip that the athlete must throw as far as possible towards the field from a properly demarcated 4-meter lane and a 7-centimeter limit that the athlete must not pass at the moment of throwing.

Thomas Rohler from Germany took the gold in this discipline in Rio 2016, his second in a lifetime and only surpassed by the Czech Jan Zelezny who has 3 golds and one silver to his credit.

Croatian Sara Kolak won gold at the last Olympic Games by throwing 66.18 meters.

References

Olympic winners. Retrieved from olympic.org
Track tests. Recovered from elatletismo.galeon.com
Field tests. Retrieved from cultufisik.blogspot.com.ar
Clareth Jaramillo Rodríguez (2004). Basic Athletics. Fundamentals of Track and Field. Editorial Kinesis.
Athletics. Retrieved from es.wikipedia.org.

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