12 julio, 2024

The 7 Most Famous Jalisco Typical Crafts

The typical crafts of Jalisco They are characterized by their great variety and quality in their preparation. Some examples are the ceramics and pottery from Tlaquepaque, Tonalá, Tuxpan and Talavera de Sayula; and the huaraches from Concepción in Buenos Aires.

Also noteworthy are works with pita (a cactus fiber) from Colotlán, glassblowing creations from Tlaquepaque and Tonalá, and leather goods from Zacoalco de Torres.

The artisans of this state stand out for their woolen fabrics called jorongo, cotton fabrics, embroidery and marquetry, among other products.

Main typical handicrafts of Jalisco

1- Tlaquepaque ceramics

One of the most recognized Jalisco crafts is its ceramics. Tlaquepaque, an old colonial town with cobbled streets, has earned the title of «Capital of Crafts» for the quality of its products.

In its hundreds of galleries, the works of its master craftsmen and local artists are exhibited and sold. In addition, in the Regional Ceramics Museum you can see the most important collection of ceramics in Mexico.

2- Huaraches of Concepción of Buenos Aires

Jalisco huaraches are highly valued. They are light and handmade native sandals. It is believed that this type of footwear was used by the Mayans and Aztecs.

They are made by first cutting a sole of leather or recycled rubber tires in the shape of the wearer’s foot.

A long, continuous strip of leather, called a thong, is then woven through holes punched in the sides of the sole.

Especially in Concepción de Buenos Aires, the intricate weaving of shoe uppers has become an art form through which artisans express their skills and talents.

3- Pitted from Colotlán

The quality and beauty of Colotlán’s products have earned it the title of «World Capital of Piteado».

Pita is a fiber that is extracted from a cactus using an indigenous technique: scraping the leaves on a wooden log with a blade made from the stem of a palm.

These fibers are washed several times with soap and lemon juice, then brushed to remove impurities, and sun-dried.

At this point, the clean white fibers are meticulously combed and graded by size. The saddlers of Colotlán then turn the fibers into thread by twisting sections of fiber around their knees.

Subsequently, they hand-embroider pieces of leather with pre-Hispanic designs, producing prized handicrafts such as belts, saddles, boots or handbags.

4- Blown glass from Tlaquepaque and Tonalá

Tlaquepaque and Tonalá are distinguished by their works of art in blown glass. For example, artisans in Tlaquepaque have for years produced imitations of antique Spanish lamps constructed of sheet metal and stained glass.

The sheet metal is shaped to create a pendant lamp, with holes cut out to emit light. The artisans then blow colored glass into the solid metal frame, producing these large pieces.

5- Equipales of Zacoalco de Torres

Equipales are rustic leather furniture found everywhere in Mexico and made by hand in many parts of the country.

However, in Zacoalco de Torres the making of this furniture dates back to pre-Hispanic times.

On the shallow beaches of Lake Atotonilco, families make all kinds of equipales, from low, flat seats to those with pedestals.

6- Talavera Earthenware from Sayula

Although its production has been scarce for a long time, Sayula ceramics had a true period of splendor during the 19th century and part of the 20th. Its importance was such that it became one of the main artistic symbols of the entire nation.

This type of pottery used to represent traditional scenes from Jalisco, mainly from Sayulenses.

7- Unraveled from Tuxpan

Unraveling is an art that is still preserved, especially among indigenous populations. In Tuxpan, those made by Nahua women are highly recognized, being a technique that requires great perfection to achieve its great beauty.

References

Standish, P. (2009). The States of Mexico: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Jiménez González, VM (2014). Jalisco. Madrid: Solaris Communication.
Anderson, R. & Mitchell, E. (2010). From Folk Art to Modern Design in Ceramics. Indiana: iUniverse.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *