7 junio, 2024

The 6 Most Famous Dances and Typical Dances of Sonora

Between the dances and typical dances of Sonora The most popular are the dance of the deer, the dance of the coyotes, the dance of Pascola or the dance of Matachines.

The Yaqui and Mayo Indians of the state of Sonora continue to perform their dances in the same way they did before the arrival of the Spanish.

Their totemic practices, beliefs and customs are ancient. His religious mythical conception had shamanistic practices with beliefs in superior spirits, good and bad. They also honored spirits and the dead.

The natives fight to maintain the legacy of their ancestors and local tribes, preserving the ancient dances. Some dances and dances were incorporating religious elements of the Catholic faith.

Sonora’s most popular typical dances and dances

1- The dance of the Deer

It represents a spirit of the jungle incarnated in the traditional Yaqui deer dancer, who imitates the graceful movements of the animal in its state of freedom. Other dancers represent the hunters who stalk him.

The dance is accompanied by the sound of a güiro and a flute. The dancer carries rattles or bells in his hands and tied to his legs is tenabariswhich are dried butterfly cocoons that also sound with movement.

The head of the dancer is decorated with the head of a deer, as a crown.

The deer dance has been danced on the shores of the Pacific Ocean since ancient times. The Yaqui Indians honor the deer as the center of their religious culture.

The dance is a symbol of their respect for the resilience of the deer spirit, reflected in the deer’s fight against the hunters who pursued it.

2- Pascola dance

It represents the creation of nature, which the Indians adored so much.

It has European influences, marked by the use of violins and harps. Other instruments used are drums and flutes, typical of American cultures.

3- Matachines Dance

This dance is executed in Lent. It is related to the Jesuit missionaries and their influence on the indigenous population of the region, especially the Yoremes.

During Lent it is common to see the matachines circulating in the streets. Their clothing is characterized by masks that represent animals, bells that ring when they walk while playing the flute.

Currently, they travel thousands of kilometers while dancing and also ask for money as a collaboration.

4- Dance of the coyotes

Emblematic dance practiced in ceremonial centers. The celebration includes a musician playing the drum and the lyrics of the song have to do with the life of a coyote.

The main accessory of the dancers is a coyote skin that covers their back starting at the head. This skin is adorned with turkey, eagle or buzzard feathers.

5- Sonora Bronco

Mexican dance style originating in the mountains of the Sonora region, a place where cowboys raise cattle as a way of life.

It has similarities with the dances of the neighboring states where cattle raising is also involved.

The dance is distinguished by leaps, kicks, and quick turns, movements that imitate a cowboy driving cattle, horses, and other animals.

The men’s costumes are similar to the real cowboys of Sonora, with a hat and pointed boots.

6- Dance of San Juaneros

It is an offering of the Mayos de Sonora so that there is no shortage of water and the agricultural fields are productive during the year. It is a tradition in which respect is shown towards Mother Nature, the Sun, the Moon and the different seasons of the year.

Love, hope, generosity, solidarity, responsibility or recognition are some of the ethical values ​​that are wanted to be expressed with this dance, being a sign of identity of the Mayo and residents of Navojoa.

The dance is performed to the beat of the kúbajo, a traditional drum, bells and violins. Meanwhile, sones and praises are sung to end the offering.

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