7 junio, 2024

The 6 Most Famous Dances and Typical Dances of Querétaro

The dances and typical dances of Querétaro They are autochthonous artistic expressions that exalt the religiosity of its people and the marked cultural syncretism product of the interaction of the cultures that intervened in its history.

The history of traditional Mexican dances dates back to the pre-Hispanic period, as part of the rituals carried out by the indigenous people to emulate work and worship their gods.

With the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the mixture of cultures took place. This is how European dances such as the waltz, ballet, polka and chotis influenced indigenous dance forms.

Three forms of Mexican folk dance emerged from this: the indigenous ritual, typical of religious and community environments; the mestizo folkloric, with Western influences on indigenous dance; and the regional dances, expression of the customs of each state.

Main dances and typical dances of Querétaro

1- The dance of the concheros

The dance of the concheros, also known as the Aztec and Mexica dance or dance of the conquest, is the oldest and most representative cultural expression of the state of Querétaro.

Its origin dates back to 1531, when the Otomi allied with the Spanish fought a battle against the Chichimecas and were surprised by an eclipse of the Sun.

During the event, a cross was seen in the sky that amazed the warriors, who prostrated themselves before it and began to dance as a sign of respect and veneration for the divinity.

This scenic representation is currently carried out during the celebrations of the Santísima Cruz de los Milagros (in May), the Virgen del Sagrario (in September) and the Virgen de Guadalupe (in December).

2- The dance of the Shaja or the turtle

It is carried out in the Tolimán municipality. This humorous dance is allegorical to fertility and is performed imitating the turtle in the act of depositing its eggs in the sand.

The animator uses a shell made of reed and with it he walks through the streets, hiding and stretching out his head.

On his tour he is accompanied by a musical band of wind instruments.

3- The dance of shepherdesses

It is commemorative of the festivities of La Candelaria, Easter and Christmas.

It is a dance performed by a group of ladies who represent the Virgin Mary in five stages: purification, annunciation, assumption, nativity and conception.

In the beautiful representation you can see the girls dressed in white covered with a veil and flowers on their heads.

The ladies who lead them display a colorful hat adorned with flowers, and carry a cane with four bells and colored ribbons used to mark the rhythm.

4- The dance of the arches

It is a secular dance of European origin that pays homage to the Virgen del Carmen. It is an autochthonous expression of the states of Mexico, Querétaro, Puebla and Hidalgo.

It is made up of complex steps and surprising and colorful turns performed by couples of men, arranged in rows carrying arches decorated with paper flowers at the ends.

5- the huapango queretano

Querétaro is one of the Mexican states that belongs to the Huasteca region. Its culture is strongly influenced by this region, specifically in its dance and musical expressions.

The huapango is not a ritual dance, it is an eminently happy dance performed between couples who flirt with each other without physical contact, with mischievous looks, twists and turns.

It derives from the popular Spanish dances and trovas that arrived in the Huasteca region in the 17th century.

6- The dance of the Apaches

Although it is more traditional in other regions such as Colima, in Querétaro it also has its followers in some municipalities.

It is danced to the beat of drums, violins, maracas or ukuleles, being very typical that the bracelets that the dancers wear on their feet made with little bird bones sound.

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