6 junio, 2024

The 36 best Latin American authors in history

The latin american writers They have been unknown until the beginning of the 20th century, when their work was not very widespread. However, there are authors of Latin American literature –poets, novelists, essayists– who have influenced the whole world for their beauty and originality, as well as for their extraordinary literary quality.

The Latin American boom and the post-Macondian novel earned a place in the literary world and generated expectations thanks to its various currents, such as renovating realism, the anti-novel and magical realism, whose top novel was published in 1967 by Gabriel García Márquez. one hundred years of solitude of the brilliant Gabo, marked a milestone in Latin American literature and meant the Nobel Prize for Literature for its author.

List of the best Latin American writers

Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia, 1927-2014)

Journalist and writer, he is perhaps the most recognized author for his magnificent work one hundred years of solitude. Among his novels also stood out The colonel has no one to write to him, A Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Love in the time of cholera, among other. He was the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982.

Leopoldo Marechal (Argentina, 1900-1970)

Leopoldo Marechal was the author of Adam Buenos Aires, a modern and classic work on the metaphysical sufferings of an avant-garde writer. It is an antinovel or contranovela, since it can be read and interpreted from two points of view.

Marechal was also a playwright and essayist. After the fall of Peronism in 1955, Marechal’s works were banned due to his support for the regime and became popular only in the last decades of the 20th century.

Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru, 1936)

The novelist and essayist Mario Vargas Llosa, winner of the 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature, is also one of the most important representatives of the Latin American boom.

His novels, like The city and the Dogs and The party of the goat, have been critically acclaimed, and the latest brought to the big screen. This tells the story of the Dominican dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo and the butterflies, three sisters who opposed his regime and were cruelly murdered.

Vargas Llosa is a highly controversial public figure due to his political activity and his private life. In 1990 he unsuccessfully tried to become president of Peru, his native country.

Jorge Luis Borges (Argentine, 1899-1986)

Jorge Luis Borges was a short story writer, essayist and poet. It is considered that his unorthodox positions did not allow him to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, for which he was nominated for more than 30 years. He won the Cervantes prize in 1979.

He is considered a scholar because of the variety of his works, which range from short stories and poems to studies and essays on history, literature, and politics. His most outstanding book of stories is fictionswhich was considered one of the 100 best of the 20th century, but they are also The Aleph and the sand book (among those of stories), Buenos Aires Fervoreither The gold of the tigers (poems), and inquisitions either Evaristo Carriego (rehearsal).

He was a prolific author, considered one of the best not only in Latin America but in universal literature.

Julio Cortazar (Argentine, 1914-1984)

Master of poetic prose, short stories and fantastic narratives, Cortázar is undoubtedly one of the great universal writers. He is author of Hopscotch, where he proposes to the reader various ways of reading the work. He was a very committed leftist activist.

His literature is completely innovative and his works move comfortably between the real and the fantastic, with a fluid and everyday language. In addition to Hopscotch, has storybooks and essays, like All fires the fire (stories), We love Glenda so much (stories), or History of cronopios and famas (brief prose).

Isabel Allende (Chile, 1942)

His bestseller The House of Spirits It has sold more than 56 million copies. This writer, currently based in California, lived in Venezuela after her family went into exile when Salvador Allende died, after Augusto Pinochet’s coup in 1973.

The novel Paula It is the history of the Allende family, which Isabel wrote to her daughter when she fell ill and died in Spain. Two of her works The House of Spirits and Of Love and Shadowshave been brought to the big screen.

Pablo Neruda (Chile, 1904-1973)

Pablo Neruda is one of the most influential poets of the 20th century, in addition to winning the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. His work Twenty love poems and a song of despair It is one of the best-selling books written in Spanish.

Another important work is General sing, in which Neruda reflects the cosmogony of the American peoples. He is considered one of the most versatile poets, since his works ranged from love to humor, such as his Elemental Odes. He was an active collaborator of the Spanish Republic.

Jose Lezama Lima (Cuba, 1910-1976)

It is considered the main representative of the American neo-baroque. He was above all a poet, but he dabbled in narrative and essay. Among his works are Paradiso, The American Expression and Death of Narcissus. Especially paradise It is considered one of the 100 best novels of the 20th century, according to The worldSpanish newspaper.

Octavio Paz (Mexico, 1914-1998)

Poet and essayist, he was also ambassador for his country in India, but resigned after the Tlatelolco massacre in 1968. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1990.

Paz was a bold poet, who liked to experiment. This led him to study and write following the canons of poetic genres from different countries, such as the Japanese haiku. He theorized in his important essays on Mexican identity, and his most important books in this genre were The labyrinth of solitude, The bow and the lyre, The pears of the elm, the philanthropic ogreamong many more.

José Donoso (Chile, 1924-1996)

Touching on social problems such as prostitution, the works of José Donoso the limitless place and The obscene bird of the night they show the complex interactions between the rich and the poor, the north and the south, the countryside and the city, the literate and the rural communities, and popular culture.

The work Draw the thick veilwritten by his adoptive daughter Pilar Donoso, tells us how this formidable Chilean author wrote his works.

Alejo Carpentier (Cuba, 1942-1980)

Although Alejo Carpentier was born in Lausanne (Switzerland), he spent part of his life in Cuba and had a notable influence on Latin American literature.

One of his best known works is The kingdom of this world, An X-ray of Latin American culture. This novel, which deals with historical themes such as the Haitian Revolution, is full of magic and romanticism.

Carpentier masterfully reflects in his work the African heritage of the Caribbean peoples. On the other hand, in his work Age of Enlightenment, talks about the influence of the French Revolution in the Caribbean region. His works are not just fiction, but important historical sources.

Elena Poniatowska (Mexico, 1932)

Although he was born in France, he arrived in Mexico at the age of 10 and has dual nationality, French and Mexican.

Elena Poniatowska has stood out for her chronicles, such as The night of Tlatelolco: Oral history testimonydedicated to the massacre of the students who protested in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas on October 2, 1968. Until I see you, my Jesus, Dear Diego, Quiela hugs youeither very tiny (fictional biography about Tina Modotti). She won the Cervantes prize in 2013 and remains active to this day.

Ernesto Sabato (Argentina, 1911-2011)

Argentine writer, physicist and painter. The work About heroes and graves by Ernesto Sábato, which was partially made into a film by his son Mario Sábato in the film The power of darknessis considered one of the best Argentine novels of the 20th century.

He was the second Argentine writer to win the Cervantes Prize, in 1984.

Fernando del Paso (Mexico, 1935-2018)

Palinuro from Mexico, jose wheat and Empire News, are some of the works of this author. Del Paso pays special attention in his works to the history of Mexico.

In 2015 he received the Cervantes prize. He is considered one of the most important representatives of the new Latin American historical novel due to the detail of his works.

Miguel Angel Asturias (Guatemala, 1899-1974)

The 1967 Nobel Prize for Literature, Miguel Ángel Asturias, in his work Mr. President, denounced the cruelties, corruption and injustice of the dictatorship of Manuel Estrada Cabrera, who ruled the country from 1898 to 1920.

His complete works vindicate indigenous culture, and his novel corn men It is a defense of the Mayan culture. Literary critics compare his fictional prose to that of Franz Kafka, James Joyce, or William Faulkner.

Carlos Fuentes (Mexico, 1928-2012)

The most transparent region, The death of Artemio Cruz and other novels by Carlos Fuentes are required reading. This novelist, screenwriter and politician was one of the most prolific authors of the 20th century in Latin America.

His novels are full of cultural references that allow the reader to immerse themselves in Mexican and Latin American culture. He won the Cervantes Prize in 1987, and is, along with García Márquez, Vargas Llosa and Julio Cortázar, one of the great writers of the boom.

Jorge Isaacs (Colombian, 1837-1895)

his novel Maria, costumbrista, tells the story of two teenagers in love and their fatal love, set in a rural Colombian region. This work became one of the most notable novels of Romanticism in Spanish. He was also a poet and politician.

Miguel Otero Silva (Venezuela, 1908-1985)

He was, in addition to being a writer, politician and journalist, founder of one of the most important newspapers in Venezuela, The National. His work is important for the social denunciation that he reflects. Among his most notable novels are Fever, dead houses, Office No. 1 either When I want to cry, I do not cry.

Jorge Enrique Adoum (Ecuador, 1926-2009)

Jorge Enrique Adoum stood out for his work Between Marx and a naked woman, which deals with various social issues. This novel by Adoum, also a politician and diplomat, was brought to the big screen by Ecuadorian director Camilo Luzuriaga.

Jorge Icaza (Ecuador, 1906-1978)

his novel huasipungo It is one of the main ones of the indigenous movement, which precedes magical realism. The story reflects the life of the Huasipungo Indians in the first half of the 20th century.

This novel made its author one of the most widely read in the 20th century, and also one of the highest representatives of indigenism in America.

Gabriela Mistral (Chile, 1889-1957)

Chilean Gabriela Mistral is the only woman from a Spanish-speaking country to have received the Nobel Prize for Literature (1945). In her poetic work she dealt with themes such as love, death and motherhood. She was distinguished by colloquial language and without artifice, which she preferred over formal use. She is one of the most relevant poets in Latin America.

Juan Rulfo (Mexico, 1917-1986)

One of the most important writers of the 20th century, thanks to a brief but forceful work. his short story Pedro Paramo, and his book of stories The Burning PlainThey have influenced much of the literature.

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