8 junio, 2024

The 35 Main Authors of Romanticism and their Works

The authors of romanticism The main and most prominent arose in Europe at the end of the eighteenth century. They were the most important representatives and exponents of an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that reached its greatest splendor between the years 1800 and 1850.

The emphasis on emotion, individualism, as well as the glorification of the past and nature were characteristic features of this movement, which tended towards the medieval rather than the classical.

Its rise can be considered a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, the scientific rationalization of nature, and aristocratic social rules during the Age of Enlightenment. Its most visible manifestations occurred in the visual arts, music, and literature, although it also had an impact on historiography, education, and the social sciences.

The main writing representatives of Romanticism

1- Jane Austen

(1775-1817) Full of comedy, romance, wit and satire, the six novels by this English author were also a poignant reflection of the social and territorial situation in England at the time.

He began writing at a very young age, with the constant support and promotion of his family and friends. His first work Sense and Sensitivity (1811) took ten years to be published. He followed Pride and Prejudice two years later, what according to herself would be her favorite work. The last two of her works would be published after her death at age 41.

You can learn more about the author by reading the article “The 51 best phrases of Jane Austen“.

2-William Blake

(1757-1827) This London author is known to have been an original and creative poet, painter and thinker, yet his work was virtually ignored while he lived. The third of six siblings, he claimed to have been visited by shining angels in his childhood.

He designed a visual poetry technique that combined his texts with illustrations of his own authorship. Among his works are the marriage of heaven and Hell and Songs of Innocence.

3- Charlotte Bronte

(1816-1855) Author recognized for her passionate novel jane eyre (1847), he also published poems and three more novels. Born in England, the third of six children, she was just five years old when her mother died.

He spent part of his life dedicated to teaching and his unbridled love for the director of the school where he worked inspired his novels. Villette and the Professor.

4- Emily Bronte

(1818-1848) His most recognized work was Wuthering Heights (1847), although he also wrote more than two hundred poems that were described by his sister Charlotte as «of a particularly wild, melancholic and exalting musicality».

Supported by her sister, she published a collection of poems in 1846. After her early death from tuberculosis, an unfinished novel was destroyed by Charlotte.

5- Elizabeth Barrett Browning

(1806-1861) One of the most praised poets of her time. Born in England, she is best known for her work Sonnets from the Portuguese, a collection of love poems written for her husband Robert Browning. She died in Florence, Italy.

6 – Robert Burns

(1759-1796) Born in Scotland, he received a good education in mathematics and English literature, although from a very young age he had to serve on the family farm. His work Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect it was published in 1786 and brought him fame.

7-Lord Byron

(1788-1824) Devoted to freedom of thought and action, anarchic in his political stance and personal morality, the English poet and adventurer was the epitome of the romantic hero.

After touring multiple Mediterranean countries, he returned home to publish Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (1812), which was an instant success. Was Don Juanpublished in 1819, his most recognized work.

8- Lewis Carroll

(1832-1898) The pen name used by the English mathematician Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, who he first used when publishing his famous children’s novels.

His fondness for paradox and nonsense as well as his appreciation for childhood led him to write his most famous novel, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland in 1865 and its sequel, Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There in 1871.

9- Samuel Taylor Coleridge

(1772-1834) One of the most emblematic and controversial figures of the romantic period. His career as a poet and writer was established after publishing Lyrical Ballads in 1798. His best-known work is The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.

10-Charles Dickens

(1812-1870) The author of 15 novels and countless essays and short stories, this celebrated English author generously promoted the careers of other novelists in his weekly columns and engaged in social issues.

He stood out for writing about London and its grotesque and comical characters. Oliver Twist, nicholas nickleby, david copperfield and Big hopes are among his most famous titles.

Discover with «The 87 Best Phrases of Charles Dickens» the literary potential of this genius.

11 – George Eliot

(1819-1880) was the pen name of the novelist Mary Ann Evans. After a difficult childhood, she managed to settle in London, where she became involved with the poet George Henry Lewis, who encouraged her to write fiction. The most famous book of hers, middlemarchwas published in eight episodes between 1871 and 1872.

12 – Elizabeth Gaskell

(1810-1865) Best known as the author of Cranford and North and South, as well as for having been the biographer of her friend Charlotte Brontë. Her most famous works were written in reaction to the industrialization of Manchester, where she spent most of her life.

After the tragic death of his young son in 1845, he took refuge in writing and published anonymously. Mary Bartonwork praised by Charles Dickens.

13-Thomas Hardy

(1840-1928) Poet and novelist, he is perhaps most famous for his powerful visual novels, concerned with the inexorable human destiny. He retired from architecture after publishing Far From The Maddin Crowd in 1874. Between 1874 and 1895 he wrote more than a dozen novels and collections of short stories.

14 – John Keats

(1795-1821) Keats’s poetic achievement in just six years can be classified as astonishing. However, during his lifetime, critics nearly brought him down.

His first poems received harsh criticism, although in 1818, with endymion, achieved greater success. The second half of the century finally brought him fame, lauded by Lord Tennyson, he is today one of the most quoted and beloved poets in the English language.

15- Christina Rossetti

(1830-1894) She was a lyrical poet who stood out for her direct and captivating style. Goblin market, In The Bleak Midwinter and Remember they are today among the most appreciated English poems.

He learned to write poetry by imitation, experimenting with different styles of verse. He died of cancer in 1894 and his brother William edited an almost complete collection of his poems, entitled Poetical Works in 1904.

16 – Mary Shelley

(1797-1851) Author of Frankenstein either The Modern Prometheus, was the daughter of the radical philosopher William Godwin. At the age of 16 she fled to Italy with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, who praised her irresistible and wild sublimity of feeling.

Both promoted each other’s literary work and were married in 1816. Frankenstein It is considered the first work of science fiction. It was based on the destructive nature of power when it meets wealth. Their mythology endures to this day.

17- Percy Bysshe Shelley

(1792-1822) Born in Sussex, England, he was the heir to his grandfather’s considerable fortune as well as a position in Parliament. He attended Eton College, where he began writing poetry, and Oxford University.

His first published work was the Gothic novel zastrozzi in 1810. He married Mary Godwin, later called Mary Shelley. During the last years of his life, he produced his most notable works including The Mask of Anarchy.

18- Robert Louis Stevenson

(1850-1894) This Scottish novelist, essayist and poet is probably most famous for his children’s book The island of the treasure. Educated as an engineer and later as a lawyer, he was always inclined towards writing.

He published various essays and dramas. His fame grew after the publication in 1883 of The island of the treasure. Later he wrote and published The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in 1886.

19- Alfred Lord Tennyson

(1809-1892) Considered the venerable master of Victorian poetry, famous for In Memoriam AHH, The Idylls of The King and Maud and Other Poems. The fourth of 12 children, born in Lincoln in 1809, attended Cambridge University.

His early novels received venomous reviews, disillusioning him at first and then honing his technique. His poems were even inspired by royalty, praised by Queen Victoria, who created him a Baron in 1883.

20- Anthony Trollope

(1815-1882): One of the most prolific authors of the 19th century, his works include the Barsetshire Chronicles and youHe Way We Live Now. His humorous illustrations of ordinary life endeared him to readers and ensured his continued popularity.

His extensive output is impressive given that at the same time he maintained a successful career in the postal service.

He produced a total of 47 novels, one autobiography, two plays, short stories, travel books, articles, essays, and speeches. Proud of his talent, he boasted of always having a pen at hand and giving himself to the work of writing the same as a mechanic or a shoemaker.

21- H.G. Wells

(1866-1946) Hailed as a scientist and a social prophet, Herbert George Wells was a prolific novelist, best known for his works of science fiction but also for his comic realism.

His zoology studies inspired him to write science fiction. The time Machine (1865) was the first of his very famous works and the pioneer of the genre called «scientific romance».

He lived to see the end of World War II and his defense of human rights had a definite influence on the formation of the United Nations Organization.

22-Oscar Wilde

(1854-1900): Born in Dublin, Ireland, he was an exuberant and sparkling playwright, poet, and critic. He was a leading proponent of aestheticism, the controversial theory of art. He published his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray in 1890 and fell in love with the very young Lord Alfred Douglas.

From then on he lived a double life, publishing highly successful social comedies such as The Ideal Husband and The importance of being called Ernesto at the same time that he spent his time visiting male brothels.

After being accused of indecent conduct, Wilde spent two years in prison, where he wrote two novels that were published after his death: deep and The Ballad of Reading Gaol. Financially ruined, disowned by society and in poor health, he spent the rest of his life in Europe. He died in Paris on November 30, 1900, at the age of 46.

23 – William Wordsworth

(1770-1850) This English poet, born in Cockermouth, was inspired by the dramatic landscapes of the Lake District to write his poetry. After the Death…

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