24 junio, 2024

The 25 most important poetic movements

Some of the poetic movements most important in history are the poetry of chivalry, metaphysical poetry, symbolism, modernism, ultraism or surreal poetry.

Groups of poets, also called movements or schools, are associations of authors formed by themselves or defined by literary criticism.

Its characteristic is the unity that is observed in the body of work of different poets and the common styles or behaviors between them.

Throughout history there have been many schools of poetry, which have reflected the interests or tastes literary of each era.

poetic movements of history

XVII century

1. Metaphysical poets

The group of metaphysical poets characterized a group of English writers whose work developed a philosophical and meditative poetry that spoke about God, death, time and love.

2. Chivalrous poetry

Poetry of chivalry was called that which emerged among English poets who supported King Charles I during the English Civil War.

In Spanish literature, chivalrous poetry was also epic, whose most important representation was the Poem of the Cid.

3. Danrin School

The Danrin school was a haikai poetry movement, between 1670 and 1680, founded by the Japanese poet Nishiyama Soin.

Its name literally translates as «talking forest» and its purpose was to connect with ordinary people through everyday themes and languages, with poems far from classical seriousness. They used parody, satire, homophonies or word associations.

Century XVIII

4. Classical poetry

The poetry of this time expressed a marked admiration for the classical world. The poets were in charge of emulating styles and constructions of Greco-Roman inspiration.

The verses, which imitated those of Greek and Latin, resulted in a composition of verses that were measured and elegant at the same time.

XIX century

5. Pastoral poetry

Pastoral poetry is one in which the author uses various techniques to transfer complex themes to very simple constructions.

It describes rural life in an idealized way, generally for an audience in an urban context.

6. Parnassianism

Parnassianism was a French poetic movement that began during the positivist period and whose name derives from Le Parnasse Contemporaina publication dedicated exclusively to poetry.

In this movement, a much more precise and technical job was sought where there was an emotional disconnection.

7. Romanticism

Romanticism originated in Europe, specifically in Germany and France, not only in poetry but in many other areas of art and its peak was reached during the end of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century.

It was characterized by an emphasis on emotion and individualism, as well as the glorification of nature and all past times, the national folkloric and the subjective.

8. Symbolism

The symbolism arose at the end of the 19th century in France, although it spread to many other countries.

It was born as a reaction against naturalism and a much darker tone was sought in which the ordinary was elevated over the ideal. Common themes were spirituality, imagination and dreams.

9. Modernist poetry

Modernist poetry arose in Latin America at the beginning of the 20th century, whose highest representative was the Nicaraguan Rubén Darío. It spread to other countries on the continent and had a great influence on the Spanish poetry of the time.

It was characterized by being a cultist and by markedly exotic settings. The poems have a great sound thanks to the rhyme and the metric that is used.

10. Homely poets

The group of home poets brought together American authors associated with New England. They became very popular not only with local readers but also with Europeans.

The recurring themes in his productions were those of a domestic nature and with messages of morality, with a conventional poetic formality.

Twentieth century

11. Imagism

Imagism was an American and English movement that played with clear and precise language in conjunction with imagery. A typical feature was the attempt to isolate a single image in order to reveal its very essence.

12. Objectivism

The Objectivist poets were those of the second generation of American modernists, whose main characteristic was to see the poem itself as an object.

In this way, they were able to enhance their own characteristics such as sincerity and intelligence, as a means of visualizing the world.

13. Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was an American movement that sought to represent racial pride through the intellect in art, such as poetry.

A transformation was sought through the poem in which progressive or socialist political ideas were promoted.

14. Beat Generation

The beat generation was made up of a group of authors after World War II, in which traditional narrative values ​​were rejected to show a cruder profile of the human condition, through experimentation with drugs and sexual liberation.

15. Confessional poetry

Confessional poetry was an American style that has been described as the poetry of the personal. This focuses on personal experience and complexes, such as mental illness, sexuality, and suicide.

16. New York School

The New York School brought together a large number of artists in various genres in the mid-20th century, drawing inspiration from Surrealism and avant-garde art movements.

17. Black Mountain Poets

The Black Mountain poets are those mid-century authors belonging to postmodernism and who developed at Black Mountain College in North Carolina. His style was based on the individuality of each line in terms of breath and affirmation.

18. Martian poetry

Martian poetry was a group of British poets of the 1970s and 1980s who sought to relate the mundane as seen through the eyes of a Martian.

19. Poets of language

The language poets were a group of avant-garde artists from the last quarter of the 20th century who preferred to give a more modernist emphasis to the method used.

20. New formalism

The new formalism is a movement from the late 20th century and early 21st century in which poets want to make a return to metrical and rhythmic verses.

21. Ultraism

It arose in Spain in opposition to modernism, in 1918. It brought together Spanish and Latin American poets and writers. They used numerous neologisms, metaphors, and technical words, and ignored rhyme.

22. Creationism

Creationism bet on the poet as a god, who created a new world. Its founder was the Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro. He used many new words and metaphors to create powerful poetic images.

23. Dada poetry

It was a literary movement inscribed in the artistic avant-garde of the 20th century in Europe. This poetry was characterized by its haphazard and completely free spirit. You could make a poem out of single sentences from a newspaper, for example.

Among its most famous representatives are Tristán Tzara, Jean Arp or Francis Picabia.

24. Surreal poetry

Surrealism was born from Dadaism, in France, in the first decades of the 20th century. Surrealist poets used automatic writing to discover deep and implicit truths, and they used all kinds of images to do it.

Its founder was the French poet André Breton.

25. Generation of ’27

This was the name given to a group of Spanish poets from the beginning of the 20th century, who became known as part of the tribute to Luis de Góngora to commemorate the third centenary of his death.

These poets were concerned with themes that had to do with death, the city, nature, human relations (including homosexuality, a taboo subject at the time), politics or religion.

Among its representatives were Federico García Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Pedro Salinas, Luis Cernuda, Jorge Guillén, Vicente Aleixandre, Gerardo Diego or Dámaso Alonso, among others.


Poetry Communities and Movements. Retrieved from webexhibits.org.
Literary Periods, Movements, and History. Retrieved from online-literature.com.

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