11 julio, 2024

The 22 Most Outstanding Animals of Colombia

The Colombian animals are abundant, being the second country with the most biodiversity on the planet. This South American nation has an impressive wildlife that is enjoyed by thousands of people around the world.

Although it only occupies a small percentage (0.7%) of the total surface of the Earth, about 10% of the planet’s species are represented in this country.

Between the Andes mountains, the Amazon jungle, the coast and the tropical islands, Colombia has a unique combination of ecosystems. Thanks to this, this region is home to a large number of endemic animals. In this country there are 1871 species of birds, of which 70 are unique to Colombia.

On the other hand, of 760 amphibian species found in this area, 208 are in danger of extinction. As for reptiles, this country is home to 115 species. Finally, Colombia has more than 150 species of mammals.

The main animals of Colombia

1- Pink river dolphin

This rare pink dolphin is found in the Amazon River. He has a long nose, round head, and is shy in nature.

They can be observed throughout the Colombian Amazon. It is even possible to swim with these creatures in the river.

2- Pot-bellied monkey

It is a monkey found only in Colombia, although it is believed that it could also exist in Venezuela. Their short fur is brown, black, or gray; but its head, belly, tail, and extremities are darker.

He has a flat face and nose. It can measure up to 72 centimeters and weigh up to 10 kilos. It lives in the forests and lowlands that do not exceed 3000 meters of elevation. It is currently critically endangered.

3- Love

They are lizards nicknamed as metallic lizards and are usually bluish-green in color. They enjoy climbing trees and also digging in the ground.

They are very active animals that can be found in Valle del Cauca and Chocó.

4- Golden Quetzal

This bird is very common in the Santa Marta mountains in northern Colombia, although it can live in a variety of habitats such as subtropical and temperate forests.

Its crown and never are green and bronze, with a bright green breast, bright red tummy, and black wings. It feeds on fruits, although it can sometimes eat lizards.

5- Goeldi’s tamarin

The name of this monkey comes from the man who discovered this creature. It is small and is native to the Amazon basin.

They are usually brown or black and measure 20 to 23 centimeters. It is quite a rare monkey and they are considered a vulnerable species.

6- White-headed tamarin

These monkeys are endemic to Colombia. They are curious in nature and are characterized by lots of long, shiny white fur on top of their heads.

The rest of his body is black. They are very popular monkeys in the Tayrona National Park.

7- Jaguar

It is the largest cat in America and one of the most iconic natural symbols of Colombia. They are threatened, they are shy and they are nocturnal, so it is rare to find them in the wild.

Despite this, they live in many places in Colombia, including the Tayrona National Park and the La Aurora Ecolodge.

8- Condor of the Andes

It is the national bird of Colombia. This animal has a 10-foot wing span, making it the largest flying bird in the world.

9- Capybara (capybara)

It is the largest rodent in the world and lives throughout South America; it looks like a giant guinea pig.

It is common to observe them during the drought in the eastern Colombian plains, where they are considered a delicious food.

10- Thalurania colombica

They are medium-sized hummingbirds that inhabit low humid forests. They exist from Panama to Ecuador.

It is the only species of its genus in which the male’s head is bright green.

11- Anaconda

This snake is the largest and heaviest in the world; it can reach 30 feet in length and nearly a foot in diameter.

Its diet is wide, since it eats from fish to deer; on occasions it has consumed jaguars. The anaconda is found in the Amazon jungle.

12- Dendrobatid frogs

Colombia has the largest number of frogs in the world. Dendrobatics in particular are poisonous. The natives used the poison of these frogs as a weapon when they hunted.

The most spectacular species in this genus is the bright yellow poison dart frog: the world’s most poisonous vertebrate and endemic to the Pacific coast of Colombia.

13- Yellow-winged Parakeet

It is one of the endemic parakeet species of Colombia; The yellow-winged parakeet only inhabits the eastern Colombian Andes.

Its feathers are green, it has a brown belly, and its wing coverts are yellow.

14- Spectacled bear

It is a strange inhabitant of the high forests. It is the only surviving species of bear native to South America and it is difficult to find a specimen in the wild; They are in danger of extinction.

The best place to observe them is in the Chingaza National Park and they are one of the most important native species.

15- Giant anthill

This animal has a strange long nose and a giant furry tail. It is found in the open plains of eastern Colombia and is also known as the anteater.

It can measure up to 2 meters long and weigh 45 kilos. It feeds mainly on termites and ants, using its large claws and long, sticky tongue.

16- Santa Marta spider-eater

It is an endemic bird to the mountains of Santa Marta, north of Colombia. It is olive green above and yellow below, with a distinctive black and white pattern on its head.

It is associated with the areas where the chusquea bamboo exists.

17- Piranhas

These fish are found in the Amazon jungle. They are carnivorous, measuring around 10 inches and having very characteristic pointy teeth.

18- Orinoco crocodile

It is the largest species of crocodile in America and is in danger of extinction, since for years it was hunted for its skin.

Observing a crocodile in the wild is unlikely; It is practically only possible to do so in the Tuparro National Park, on the border with Venezuela.

Fortunately, there is a program for the conservation and reproduction of these animals in the Wisiare Park, in the department of Casanare, which tries to increase the population of these crocodiles.

19- Humpback whale

These whales arrive at the Colombian Pacific coast during June and stay there until October; they make this journey to give birth in these waters.

During these months they are easily seen from the boats that leave in the towns of the department of Chocó: Nuqui and Bahía Solano.

20- Butterfly 89’98

There are 1600 species of butterflies in Colombia, so they are extremely common to observe.

But one of the most particular species is the D.iaethria phlogea, also known as the 89’98 butterfly because it has a pattern on its wings that seems to illustrate this number.

21- Sword-billed Hummingbird

He ensifera ensifera It is an endemic species of the Andes, being located in many parts of the Colombian region.

Like the rest of the hummingbirds of its genus, this bird has a tiny body, an elongated beak with a tongue adapted to ingesting nectar, and a flight similar to that of flies.

22- Olinguito

Recently classified mammal found in the Colombian Andes and Ecuador. Nocturnal in habit, it measures up to 75 cm, the tail being larger than the body itself.

They have a behavior similar to that of a squirrel, when jumping from tree to tree. In addition, it feeds on insects and the nectar of trees and flowers.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *