7 junio, 2024

The 22 Most Important Animals of the Peruvian Coast

The animals of the peruvian coast they are very varied. Peru has 1730 species of birds, which represent 20% of the species on the planet. It also has about 4,200 species of butterflies and more than 300 species of fish.

Additionally, it is home to 500 species of mammals, of which 70 are endemic and 100 are in some kind of danger of extinction.

Peru has three distinctive, incredibly biodiverse regions: the Andes mountains, the Amazon jungle, and the coast.

Peru’s 200 nautical miles of waters are rich in natural resources and home to an astonishing number of fish, flowers, birds, and mammals. This is generated because the Peruvian coast is influenced by two currents: the cold Humboldt current and the warm El Niño current.

Despite its proximity to the sea, the Peruvian coast is also dominated by one of the driest deserts in the world.

The main animals of the Peruvian coast

1- Black oystercatcher

It is a large bird from the Peruvian coast. It can usually be seen feeding on shellfish and giving loud whistles.

This animal is dark brown or black, with buff-colored legs, and bright red eyes and bill.

2- Peruvian pelican

This pelican is characterized by its dark color and by the large white stripe that runs from the top of its beak to the crown of its head and the sides of its neck.

This animal feeds on anchovies, so the populations move to the area where they can find more of this food.

3- Humboldt penguin

It lives on the Peruvian and Chilean coasts. It is recognized by the white C-shaped band of feathers on its head.

Adults range in size from 26 to 28 inches, and can weigh up to 11 pounds.

The population of these penguins has been declining since the 19th century and they have been considered a vulnerable species since the year 2000. These animals are found on the Ballestas Islands.

4- South American sea lion

Male specimens reach 9 feet in length and weigh up to 770 pounds; females are smaller and weigh half that of males.

When hatched, cubs are black above, paler below, and orange-gray on the sides.

5- Inca tern

It is a bird characterized by its dark gray color, white mustache, and orange-red legs and beak. It is found throughout the Pacific coast, from northern Peru to central Chile.

Breeds on offshore islands and on rocky cliffs; sometimes nests in old Humboldt penguin nests. It feeds on small fish.

6- Sea turtles

At the Ñuro pier, near Los Órganos, you can find the species of sea turtles native to the Peruvian coast.

Turtles may be found while swimming at the beach, but they should not be touched as their protective shell is removed.

The species of sea turtles that can be found in Peru are the leatherback turtle, the green turtle, the olive ridley turtle, the loggerhead turtle and the hawksbill turtle.

7- Humpback whale (humpback)

These whales arrive in the warm waters of northern Peru from August to October. They make this trip to give birth to their young.

From Mancora you can take whale watching tours and see them jump from the water, although sometimes it is even possible to see them from the coast.

Sometimes it is also possible to observe orcas and sperm whales in this same area.

8- Guanay cormorant

It is also known as sea duck and is found throughout the Peruvian coast to Chile.

This bird has a blue color on its neck and on its head; he has dark red skin around his eyes and his feet are pink.

They breed year-round, but their egg-laying season occurs from November through December.

9- Cook seagull

It is a large bird with black wings, and a completely white head and tail; its beak is yellow with a red dot at the tip.

This animal is quite robust. It breeds on all coasts and on the islands of the northern hemisphere.

Their diet consists of mollusks, worms, fish, arthropods, birds, and small mammals. They can sometimes attack and kill adult birds such as geese.

10- Snowy egret

It is an elegant bird with white plumage, black legs, and bright yellow feet. Its legs are used to take small aquatic animals, which make up a large part of its diet.

Although they are now common, there was a time when they were in danger of extinction because they were hunted for their beautiful feathers.

11- Peruvian hairless dog

It is a breed of dog with origins in pre-Inca cultures. The Incas called it “allqu” and it was reserved for the nobility.

Their skin is smooth due to the lack of hair; it can be black, gray or brown. Sometimes they have pink spots on their skin and a small patch of hair on their head, feet, or tail.

12- Peruvian booby

This bird is known for its blue feet. It feeds near the coast where there are abundant anchovies. They generally live in groups of 30 to 40 specimens.

13- South American seal

When the El Niño phenomenon is very hot, it negatively affects seal populations. Males are larger and heavier than females.

Their vocalizations include barking, a guttural threat, and a submissive call. The females grunt and attract the males with a high-pitched whistle.

14- Cormorants

Although these birds appear black, their individual feathers have a gray-green covering edged in black, making them look like scales.

They have a high neck and rather broad webbed feet. They hunt in groups and feed by diving towards the surface of the sea looking for fish.

15- Common dolphin

They are common on the coast; They are 1.7 to 2.6 meters long and weigh between 70 and 135 kilograms.

Its dorsal side is black and its underside is white. Its bill is short and often has a white tip. Sometimes they have dark stripes from the center of their jaws to their fins.

16- Fregate

They are black birds related to pelicans; they have a wing opening that can exceed two meters.

Males are characterized by having a bright red throat sac, which they inflate to attract females.

17- Albatross

These birds have the largest wing span, reaching 11 feet.

These animals use this feature to fly over the ocean winds for hours without resting. They can also float on sea surfaces and drink salty water.

18- Peruvian anchovy

They are small fish from the anchovy family that live on the Pacific coast. These fish form large groups that can reach kilometers, which is why they are the first source of fishing in Peru.

19- Nice

It is the smallest species of tuna. They have a body that is almost scaleless and are purple or dark blue in color.

They can live from 8 to 10 years and are very abundant along the equator.

20- Swordfish

They have a long bill and are black or brown in color; its fins are also brown. They often eat other fish, and occasionally squid and other cephalopods.

They can reach 455 centimeters in length and weigh up to 650 kilos, but the most common is that they are between 120 and 190 centimeters. Specimens from the Pacific Ocean are the largest.

21- Pygmy sperm whale

Kogia breviceps It is a smaller sperm whale compared to the common sperm whale. There is very little information about them, since it is difficult to spot them. On average they reach 3.5 meters and their presence has been reported several times near the Peruvian coast.

22- Melon head dolphin

Species very little studied because there are few reports on them. On occasion, certain individuals have been stranded on the coasts of Peru, and it can be observed that they are torpedo-shaped animals with a grayish skin tone, very similar to the common dolphin.

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