9 junio, 2024

The 18 Most Famous Theogonic Myths in History

What are theogonic myths?

The theogonic myths They are the set of stories that cover the origin of the world, the rise of the gods and how they got involved in the lives of mortals. For example, the book of Hesiod, theogonytells us about the birth of the universe and the different lineages of the Greek gods.

Theogony is, then, a type of myth where the origin of the different gods within each culture is narrated.

Theogonic myths served to understand the functioning of the world, as well as the role of the human being on earth. They also served to establish rules and laws, precepts and norms for human coexistence.

List of theogonic myths

The creation of Ometotl

Within Aztec mythology, Ometotl was the god who was capable of making himself. In fact, according to the stories, he was capable of thinking and inventing himself so that everything else that came into existence originated from him.

Ometotl is the conjugation of chaos and order, life and death, water and fire, black and white, and a series of antagonistic elements that also give him the ability to create and destroy. Thanks to all of the above, this god is capable of hosting dualities of all kinds, including masculine and feminine.

Osiris and Isis

This myth is one of the most elaborate and important of ancient Egypt, since its intricate history originates a series of precepts and principles that were maintained throughout civilization.

Osiris, of royal descent, ruled the world alongside his wife, Isis. Osiris was killed by his brother Seth. Despite the lack of a clear objective, it is believed that the main motive for the murder was revenge.

Seth ascended the throne, while Isis and the goddess Nephthys were in charge of searching for Osiris’s body to rebuild it and bring it to life. They achieved their goal thanks to the intervention of the god Tot (possessor of magical powers) and Anubis (god of funeral rituals).

Returning to life, Isis and Osiris conceive their son, Horus, the god who would rule Egypt.

the birth of Horus

The story of Osiris and Isis extends to the conception of Horus, who for some authors is the heir in charge of continuing his father’s work on earth.

According to the story, a pregnant Isis tried to hide from Seth so that he would not know of her existence. In the end, they managed to stay in a thicket, where Horus was born and fed by his mother.

During his childhood, the boy was surrounded by difficult circumstances and enchantments, though he was protected by other deities throughout his growth.

The end is marked by the confrontation of an adult Horus and Seth, in what would be an epic battle in the presence of Egyptian deities, in order to define the next ruler.

Brahma and the immortality of man

According to Hindu mythology, at the beginning of the world, humans had the gift of immortality. However, seeing human behavior, Brahma decided that the human would be stripped of his divinity to become mortal.

Then Brahma gathered all the gods in order to decide the best place to hide divinity and immortality. While they were arguing, the god realized that it would be difficult to achieve the goal with the ability and insistence of the human being. But, in the midst of his despair, he found the decision: «Hide it inside him, he won’t know it’s there.»

In this way, the human being would have to discover that within him there is a divine part.

Hercules and his incredible strength

It is one of the best known and most popular characters in Greek mythology. Son of Zeus and Alcmene (a mortal), Hercules is a demigod characterized by strength, his compassion and also his gluttony. In ancient Greece he was considered a protective deity.

According to the story, Alcmena had twins: Hercules and Ificles. Host wanted to know which of the two was her real son, so he sent two snakes towards the babies. Iphicles became fearful, but Hercules took the viper to strangle it. There he learned that the child was a descendant of a god.

After killing a lion while taking care of his adoptive father’s flock, Hercules was able to develop his abilities to the fullest thanks to the intervention of teachers such as Elio, Castor and Pollux, and Eumolpo.

The 12 Labors of Hercules

In view of the above, it is worth noting one of the best-known passages in Greek mythology. It has to do with the 12 almost impossible jobs or tasks that the demigod was able to complete:

-The first was death to the Nemean lion.

-The Lernaean hydra.

-The Erymanthian boar.

-Cerinia’s doe.

-The birds of Lake Stymphalus.

-The Augean stables.

-The Cretan bull.

-The mares of Diomedes.

– Hippolyta’s belt.

-The cattle of Geryon.

-The golden apples of the Hesperides.

-The capture of Cerberus.

Fortuna, the goddess of luck

In Roman mythology, Fortuna is the daughter of Jupiter and Juno, and was in charge of finding ambrosia to feed the gods. According to the myth, she did this task since she was the fastest of all the gods, which allowed her to collect the fruits before they were damaged by the sun’s rays.

She was the one who distributed, generally at her whim, good and bad, and presided over all events.

Zeus

To speak of theogonic myths is to refer almost immediately to one of the best-known gods in Western history: Zeus. Although he is not the creator of the main gods or the human, he does have an extremely important and almost leading rank in the stories.

Zeus is the father god of the sky, rain, lightning, lightning, and thunder. He is considered a protective, generous, enthusiastic, intelligent and just divinity.

Shortly after his ascension as chief god, Zeus married Hera and together they established their home on Mount Olympus, a place that would later be recognized as the residence of the gods and demigods.

According to the story, at the time of their marriage all the gods, mortals and animals were invited.

The birth of Athena

Athena, or Pallas Athena, is one of the main goddesses of Olympus, patron of the city that bears her name and perhaps the most important in the ancient world. Her influence spread throughout the Mediterranean because she was considered a figure who made men become civilized and correct.

According to mythology, Zeus impregnated Metis, one of the daughters of Oceanus. However, upon learning of a prophecy that indicated that he would have children more powerful than him, Zeus chose to kill Metis and devour her children.

Metis’s pregnancy was so advanced that she continued the gestation process of the baby but in the body of the god. One day, suffering from a severe headache, she opened the head of Zeus, from which the goddess Athena was born as an adult and dressed in war apparel.

The birth of the Milky Way

In this regard, there are two main versions:

– It is said that Hercules was taken to Hera’s lap with the help of Hermes, so that he could consume the milk of the goddess and become immortal. This is her, when she woke up, she realized the situation and abruptly took the child away. As the milk continued to flow, it went into the universe to form the Milky Way.

– The other version indicates that Athena and Hera were walking together when they ran into baby Hercules. Athena urged the goddess to nurse him, so when she did, the child sucked so hard that she hurt her. Taking him away from her, her milk flowed until it became a galaxy.

Arachne the weaver

Arachne was a woman with an impressive gift for weaving, so much so that the nymphs themselves gathered to admire her work. Some mortals even said that the goddess Athena had given him that talent.

Arachne became more and more vain, to the point where she even said that she was much better than the goddess. Therefore, Athena organized a confrontation where both would weave for mortals and gods.

Arachne’s motive was so offensive that the goddess destroyed her work, making her deeply miserable to the point of wanting to kill herself. Athena, however, saved her from her but turned her into a spider.

The 8 geniuses (also called «the 8 immortals»)

According to Taoism, a philosophical and spiritual tradition of Chinese origin, the 8 geniuses are a group of deities who achieved immortality through alchemy, and who also possess extraordinary powers. They usually always act together.

In view of this, these characters and their main qualities can be named:

Lu Dongbin: He is considered the leader and always carries a sword that serves to ward off evil. He is protector of the sick and wise.

Lan Caihe: does not have a specific sex, so it is seen as a hermaphrodite. It can even be presented as a young man with effeminate gestures or as a girl with extravagant clothes. He carries bamboo poles and flowers, which is why he is an advocate for florists and horticulturists.

Zhang Guo Lao: He is seen as an old man, so he is perceived as someone with wisdom. He represents longevity.

He Xiangu: is the woman of the group and is associated with the lotus flower, which is a representation of physical and mental health.

Han Xiangzi: You are awarded extraordinary abilities in alchemy.

Li Tieguai: He is the oldest of the group and has a dirty and neglected appearance. However, he is the defender of the unprotected and those who need help.

Zhongli Quan: has the power to revive the dead and transform stones into precious metals. He is seen as a tall man with a pronounced paunch and bare chest.

Cao Guojiu: He is seen dressed in court costumes and jade tablets. He is related to the theater.

Izanami and Izanagi: the creation according to Japanese mythology

According to this myth, the first gods decided to summon two important creatures, Izanagui and Izanami, in order to entrust them with the creation of the first land. To help them in their mission, they were given a spear decorated with jewels and other precious stones called «Amenonuhoko», or spear of the heavens.

With the spear, the two creatures moved the waters to form an island on which they would reside as a couple. From their union, two children arose who were not recognized as gods. Despite their joy, the gods were not satisfied with the task.

After explaining that they had to make the union correctly, Izanami and Izanagui joined again to allow the birth of the eight islands that make up Japan, plus a large number of gods.

At this point, it is worth mentioning that both characters and their offspring are considered representatives of the values ​​and important aspects of nature and Japanese culture.

The goddess Hera

Companion of Zeus, the goddess was one of the most beautiful on Olympus, representative of the family and marriage. However, she is portrayed as a wrathful goddess, jealous and prone to conspiring to dethrone her husband.

It is also said that she used to bathe in a fountain that made her a virgin and that she came to…

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