7 junio, 2024

The 15 most outstanding characteristics of Argentina

Some characteristics of Argentina are its extension, its great diversity and its complex culture, among other peculiarities. Its official name is the Argentine Republic and it is located in South America. Its political organization is that of a representative and federal republic, in a sovereign State.

Argentina is divided into 24 districts, 23 provinces plus the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, which is also the capital of the country and where the federal government is located. Its population, for 2022, is 46,044,703 inhabitants, mostly concentrated in urban centers.

Despite the fact that its Gross Domestic Product is one of the highest in the world, it has a high degree of social inequality. In 2010, the country was classified as an upper-middle income nation by the World Bank.

With an extension of 2,780,400 km², it is the largest Spanish-speaking country on Earth, the second largest in Latin America (behind Brazil) and the fourth in the American continent. In the world ranking he is ranked 8th.

If other territories are added, such as the Malvinas Islands, whose sovereignty is claimed against England, the total area would be 3,761,274 km².

It limits to the north with Bolivia and Paraguay, to the northeast with Brazil, to the east with Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south and west with Chile. Its flag is made up of two horizontal light blue stripes, a white one between them and a sun in the center.

The 15 most outstanding characteristics of Argentina

1. Language

The official language of Argentina is Spanish. It is spoken by most of the population, although a few native languages ​​of aboriginal peoples also survive. His way of speaking Spanish is characteristic of this country (which it shares with Uruguay), arising from the Río de la Plata dialect, strongly influenced by Italian, due to the intense and massive immigration from this country during the 19th century, which gave it its particular accent. .

2. Religion

92% of Argentines profess the Catholic religion, so it can be said that Argentina is a Catholic country, although religions such as Judaism, Protestant religions, and other Christian and non-Christian religions are also practiced. However, the Constitution of the country, in its article 2, declares it Catholic, Apostolic and Roman.

3. Currency

The currency of this country is the Argentine peso.

4. Geography

As already mentioned, the Republic of Argentina is located in South America. To the north, it borders with Bolivia and Paraguay, to the northeast, with Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean, to the south with the Atlantic Ocean and Chile and to the west with Chile.

On the other hand, the country claims the territory that includes the Malvinas Islands and another area of ​​islands in the South Atlantic, which are part of Antarctica.

The main cities in Argentina are the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, La Plata, Mar del Plata, San Miguel de Tucumán and Mendoza.

These cities concentrate a large part of the country’s population, whose length is approximately 3,330 kilometers, with a width of up to 1,384 km from west to east, linking the Andes mountain range with the Atlantic Ocean.

The country stands out for its geographical diversity. With territories of mountains, highlands and plateaus, the Andes stand out, the largest mountainous system on the continent, whose elevations exceed 3,600 meters.

Its highest peak is the famous Aconcagua, located in the province of Mendoza, at 6,960 meters. This summit is the highest in South America. In the south of the country, known as Patagonia, the terrain is arid, vast and desolate.

5. Climate

The climate in Argentina is mostly temperate. However, to the north you can also find a subtropical climate.

In Buenos Aires, the average climate is about 17° to 29°C and the minimum ranges from 2° to 14°C. The level of rainfall is very varied, depending on each region.

6. Natural resources

Argentina is known for the richness of the Pampas, excellent flat surfaces for pastures and the cultivation of grains and cereals.

It also has large mineral resources, oil deposits and natural gas. There are also deposits of cobalt, iron, gold, silver, zinc and mica, among others.

7. Flora and fauna

The vegetation in Argentina is also incredibly varied. The reason is the various weather conditions and topography.

In the flora, you can find numerous varieties of trees, such as eucalyptus, sycamore and acacia. On the other hand, cacti and other trees from desert areas predominate in arid regions. The ceibo is the national tree and the national forest tree is the red quebracho.

The fauna is equally diverse and abundant. In the north there are several species of monkeys, jaguars, pumas, ocelots and others. Among the birds, there are flamingos and hummingbirds.

In the Pampas there are foxes and armadillos, among other animals. The cold Andean regions are the habitat of llamas, condors and other native species. Fish abound in lake areas and sea shores.

8. Population

In Argentina, the vast majority of the inhabitants are descendants of European immigrants and mestizos are a minority, unlike other Latin American countries.

Immigrants arrived in the 19th century, originally from Spain and Italy, for the most part, and secondarily from France, Ukraine, Armenia, Russia, Germany, Croatia, Sweden, Poland and Ireland.

9. Education

Education plays an important role in Argentina. Currently, it has 25 national and private universities. Primary and secondary education are free and compulsory.

10. Culture

When it comes to music, in Argentina the traditional sound is related to gaucho songs and dances, although music from the north of the country, which came from Europe, and African music have a great influence.

Tango, for its part, was born in Buenos Aires and today is known throughout the world for its particular rhythm and its characteristic movements. Carlos Gardel and Astor Piazzola were two of the most important figures in this genre.

Some of the most prominent Argentine authors are Jorge Luis Borges, Julio Cortázar, Victoria Ocampo, Silvina Ocampo, Alejandra Pizarnik, Alfonsina Storni, Macedonio Fernández, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Ricardo Güiraldes, Manuel Puig, Ernesto Sábato or Martín Caparrós.

Among the most important painters are Cesáreo Bernaldo de Quirós, Benito Quintela Martín, Emilio Pettoruti and Raúl Soldi.

11. Health

Argentina has good public health indices if data from the region are taken into account. The free healthcare program has been running since 1944.

It is now guaranteed by various organizations and some hospitals and free clinics. Access to medical facilities in rural locations is also ensured.

12. Government

The Argentine government is based on the Constitution adopted in 1853, with several reforms, the last one in 1994. It is a federal republic, managed by a president assisted by the Council of Ministers.

The National Congress is made up of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, which represent the legislative power. The judiciary completes the trident of government.

13. Tourism

According to the World Tourism Organization, Argentina is the most visited tourist destination in South America, with 5.9 million tourists a year.

The country offers its visitors an immense territory, a variety of climates, natural wonders, a rich culture and internationally famous gastronomy. In addition, it has a high degree of development, good quality of life and an infrastructure prepared for tourism.

As for the climate, the country presents a great variety. The weather can be temperate, dry, warm humid, dry cold, humid cold, semi-arid, steppe, sub-Antarctic, subtropical, level and mountain cold. You can also appreciate a great diversity of microclimates. It is a country that presents the four seasons.

The vast majority of tourists come from Brazil, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Mexico, Bolivia, Ecuador, Uruguay, Venezuela, Paraguay, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Switzerland.

14. Hydrography

The rivers of Argentina are numerous and extensive. Three systems stand out: rivers of the Atlantic slope, rivers of the Pacific slope and closed basins.

Among the rivers of the Atlantic slope are the rivers that belong to the La Plata basin, the most important in the country and which is the outlet of the rivers of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia.

In addition, it receives the rivers of the Puna, the sub-Andean system, the Pampean mountains, the Pampa, the Chaco and the Argentine Mesopotamia.

Among the main rivers of this system are the Paraná, the Uruguay, the Paraguay, the Pilcomayo, the Bermejo, the Salado, the Carcarañá and the Iguazú, with great hydroelectric potential.

In the famous Río de la Plata, which is born at the confluence of the Paraná and Uruguay, the waters of the former meet.

For its part, the Patagonian system is formed by the rivers that are born in the Andes and run in «drawers» through the narrow valleys. The main ones are the Negro River, the Limay, the Chubut and the Santa Cruz.

As for the rivers on the Pacific side, most are unimportant, short and unnavigable, and flow into the Pacific. The main utility of these rivers is their energy potential.

Lastly, among the closed basins, the Desaguadero and the Sierras Pampeanas stand out. There is also a third basin: that of the rivers of the Puna de Atacama.

15. Agriculture

Argentina stands out economically for its agriculture, although cultivated land does not represent more than 12% of the territory. The rest is made up of forests and scrub, unproductive land, mountains, swamps, and lagoons.

In the province of Buenos Aires, what is called «intensive agriculture» takes place, which is the crop-livestock association, and whose modern and intensive practices require the proximity of a large city. Farther from the cities, you can find huge tracts dedicated to the cultivation of wheat.

On the other hand, there is the type of traditional livestock, which is dedicated to cattle or sheep, depending on the region. Another type of livestock and agriculture is characterized by its location in hot and humid, or relatively humid regions.

There natural resources are used, especially quebracho and yerba mate, thanks to which the popular infusion that is taken in Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay is prepared: mate. Livestock farming and cotton cultivation are also practiced on these lands.

Finally, the dry sub-Andean regions stand out for small extensions where irrigation is harvested. Viticulture, vegetables, legumes, olive groves and even alfalfa predominate there.

Agricultural products are almost exclusively related to wheat, the most important production in Argentina. Half of what is produced is for domestic consumption, the rest is sold to other countries, especially China.

Rice, fruits, sugar cane, and a long etcetera feed the inhabitants of Argentina. For its part, Argentine wines are imposed in the world as one of the best and at really cheap prices, if compared with Europeans and…

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