6 junio, 2024

The 12 Most Important Natural Landscapes of Venezuela

The natural landscapes of Venezuela They include arid zones, jungle, savannahs, mountains, dunes, snow-capped peaks, rivers, and beaches. This variety is due to the fact that it is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.

In addition, 63% of its territory is made up of the so-called Areas Under the Special Administration Regime, which represent the largest group of protected areas in Latin America.

Venezuela is a South American country with more than 916,000 square kilometers, out of the 159,542 km² that it has disputed with Guayana Esequiba since colonial times. In addition, this nation exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km² of territorial sea.

It has just over 30 million inhabitants, according to the 2011 National Statistics Institute (INE) census.

The oil boom brought among its consequences that the highest population density is located in the north and west of the country. However, even in these areas you can appreciate natural beauties. Venezuela is divided into 23 states and a capital district.

List of natural landscapes of Venezuela

1- The Rocks

The Los Roques Archipelago National Park is located in the Caribbean Sea and is made up of approximately 50 islands and 292 keys and banks, approximately.

This park was founded in 1972 and offers a passage of very white sands and crystalline waters that exhibit a turquoise blue on the horizon. Its average temperature is 27.8 °C and it rains little during the year.

It has corals, mangroves and guanos. Red mangrove and tannin also abound. It is also home to at least 92 species of birds.

Among its islands are the Francisqui, the Nordisqui, the Madrisqui and the Gran Roque. The latter is the only one inhabited and is where the airport of the archipelago is located. Among its keys, the following stand out: Rasquí, Cayo de Agua and Bajo Fabián.

According to the results of several archaeological expeditions, Los Roques was the home of nomadic aboriginal ethnic groups from north-central Venezuela.

Similarly, it is known that around the 14th century several groups from Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire arrived in Los Roques. They were mainly fishermen, salt extractors and turtle hunters.

Its name comes from the fact that the first visitors called it «The Rock».

2- The Great Savannah

Considered a World Heritage Site since 1994, the Gran Sabana is a national park located on the border of southeastern Venezuela. In this you can appreciate jungle landscapes, rivers, tepuis and waterfalls.

The 18,000 square kilometers of this park are made up of the Guianas massif.

The climate of La Gran Sabana is humid tropical and has herbaceous vegetation and leafy forests.

The Pemones call this territory Wek-Tá, which means “place of hills”, and it has been known in the rest of the country as the Gran Sabana since approximately 1930.

3- Angel Falls

Angel Falls belongs to the Canaima National Park of Bolívar State in Venezuela. It is born on a plateau called Auyantepuy.

It became more widely known after an American aviator named James C. Angel landed there searching for gold in 1937.

It is the highest jump in the world (thousand meters of free fall) and it has also been a World Heritage Site since 1994.

Angel Falls offers an impressive landscape with very dense vegetation that includes more than 500 species of orchids and bromeliads; and reddish rivers.

4- Roraima

It is the highest and best known tepuy in the Gran Sabana. In its structure there are quartzite, sandstone and some slate.

It is the highest in the chain of plateaus of the Sierra de Pacaraima, in South America. At its summit there is an area delimited in 1931 where the borders of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana converge. Its age is estimated at 2 billion years.

The Roraima hill, or Roroima, is home to endemic plant species such as some species of orchids, lichens and bromeliads. Some unique animal species coexist there, such as the vulnerable Roraima mouse.

5- Mochima National Park

It is a national park located 600 meters above sea level that borders the northeastern maritime coast of Venezuela.

It is made up of multiple beaches with crystal clear waters and very white sand. These beaches are sheltered by mountains of tropical vegetation with ferns, orchids, mangroves, beach batatillas and cardones. There are sea turtles, dolphins and herring whales.

6- Medanos de Coro National Park

Another national park constitutes a landscape that breaks with the tropical aspect of most of Venezuela: the desert of the dunes of Coro.

It is an isthmus 30 kilometers long by 5 kilometers wide, with an average height of 20 meters above sea level.

Its appearance is changeable because the trade winds blow from east to west, changing the layout of the sand.

Its dunes exceed 8 meters above sea level and have herbaceous vegetation, although it also has shrubby mangroves, prickly pears and cardones. Its temperature is more or less constant throughout the year and oscillates between 26 and 35 °C.

7- The Bolivar Peak

Another extreme landscape in Venezuela is Pico Bolívar, a rocky peak with sub-zero temperatures.

At its summit (the highest in the country) is one of the three glaciers that exist in Venezuela: the northern glacier.

It is within the Pico Bolívar National Park in the Cordillera de Mérida, and has a height of 4978 meters above sea level.

8- The Black Lagoon

Laguna Negra is another of the natural attractions of the Sierra Nevada National Park, in the state of Mérida.

It is located at a height of 3,480 meters above sea level and its depth is calculated at 24 meters, which makes it the deepest lagoon in Venezuela.

It has a dark color that makes it the object of myths and legends. It is in the middle of a wasteland and it is difficult to access, so it is an exotic place.

9- Henri Pittier National Park

It has more than 107 thousand hectares and was the first national park in Venezuela. It is located between the northern area of ​​Aragua state and the northeast of Carabobo state.

This Venezuelan natural space offers a “double-sided” landscape: a mountainous side with some 500 different species of birds, rivers, and exuberant tropical vegetation and flora.

The second side consists of a coastal strip that has bays and beaches. The Henri Pittier National Park is a fundamental water source for the adjacent cities.

10- Margarita Island

The island of Margarita or the «Pearl of the Caribbean», as it is also known, is located in the northeast of Venezuela and is the only island state in Venezuela: Nueva Esparta. Margarita is the largest of the Venezuelan Caribbean islands, with its 1072 square kilometers.

Its most outstanding characteristic is the presence of two mountainous massifs: the Macanao Peninsula, in the west; and Paraguachoa, to the east. These are joined by a low relief isthmus. Its temperature ranges between 27 and 34 °C.

11- Jungle Slide Spa

Located in Puerto Ayacucho, in the Amazon area, it is a perfectly preserved jewel of nature. It is a natural spa in which the current of the water allows people to slide downhill.

12- Confluence of the two rivers

In Ciudad Guayana, Bolívar State, the non-union of the Orinoco and Caroní rivers, the two most important in the country, occurs. What is striking is that the two rivers do not join due to the chemical composition of each one, so the color differentiation of the waters is visible when they come together.


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