7 junio, 2024

The 11 Most Important Characteristics of Philosophy

Among the main characteristics of philosophy They emphasize its realistic and rational nature, as well as its argumentative sense, the lack of absolutism in its approaches and the constant use of sensible knowledge.

According to historical records it is possible to confirm that the philosophy originated in the 6th century BC. C. in Greece. The main motivation was to put aside the mythical and supernatural explanations that were common at that time, and start looking for answers to the great mysteries of life in reality.

The emergence of philosophy implied stopping seeing the world as an element at the total mercy of gods and natural phenomena, and beginning to understand what are the laws that give meaning to all circumstances.

Characteristics of the most relevant philosophy

it’s realistic

Philosophy bases its arguments on circumstances that are directly related to reality. For this reason, it is not necessary to explain philosophical concepts through symbolic or fanciful elements; on the contrary, the foundation can be perfectly taken from reality.

This characteristic is of great importance, because philosophy was generated precisely with the intention of offering real explanations to events that in antiquity were associated with the supernatural and mythical.

Thanks to the creation of arguments based on reality, it was possible to enrich thought and observe natural phenomena with a better disposition.

Give rational explanations

All definitions of philosophy must be based on rationality. As we explained earlier, this implies that philosophical thoughts do not admit mythological explanations or explanations based on something supernatural.

Likewise, for philosophical thought, rational knowledge is much more valuable and reliable instead of that generated only by a condition of authority.

Said rationality is completely unrelated to the scientific field because philosophy is not an empirical discipline. However, although this is not based on science, at all times rationality will be the protagonist of philosophical arguments.

is single

There are practically as many philosophical theories as there are philosophers in the world. This implies that philosophical thought arises as a consequence of the vision and conception of the world of a particular person.

Likewise, in most cases the different philosophies are duly attributed to their authors, anonymous arguments are not usually presented.

This has made it possible for different philosophers to have been able to study the complete works of others, and thus have managed to complement concepts in favor of achieving the ultimate goal of philosophy: the understanding of truth.

is argumentative

The entire foundation of a philosophical thought is necessarily supported by argumentation.

That is, the concepts associated with this thought have been obtained through rationality and deliberation, not through a single and predetermined thought rooted through tradition or another cultural element.

Through arguments, philosophers validate their notions and seek to convince the general public about the theories they propose.

It is also based on the senses

In addition to considering realism and rationality in an inalienable way, philosophy also bases its arguments on sensitive knowledge (the senses).

Through the senses it is possible to perceive the world that surrounds us; For this reason, the senses are essential to receive stimuli and, from these, develop specific notions and concepts.

It is about the knowledge that we can obtain about the material objects that exist in the world. It is the first approach to external reality, which will then be interpreted by our brains based on lived experiences and other elements that participate in the perception of the world.

Support criticism

The fact that philosophy is essentially rational implies at the same time that it must be critical. That is, philosophical arguments are characterized because they can always be restudied and evaluated.

Likewise, a philosophical thought can be restated according to the perception of another philosopher. This condition allows thought to become richer and richer, and the end result of a philosophical argument to have even more far-reaching implications for humanity.

Critical and reflective attitude

Philosophy has a critical attitude towards things because it does not accept assumptions without proof. It opposes the dogmatic attitude; this means that it does not admit absolute truths as immovable principles that cannot be subject to discussion.

He rejects submission and fanaticism, especially religious, since it does not have a scientific and demonstrable basis. It raises radical questions that are at the root of reality and existence.

is not absolute

This characteristic is related to the one explained in the previous point. By admitting criticism and assessment, philosophy shows that it is not an absolute discipline.

The ultimate goal of philosophy is to get as close as possible to the truth of all things. In this sense, each philosophical argument is seen as a step towards that great goal, not as obtaining the ultimate truth.

The fact that philosophy is based on argumentation implies that a fundamental part of it is related to deliberation and debate, and as there are scenarios for conversation and feedback, there is also openness.

is systematic

Philosophy is characterized because it seeks to order everything that is related to the human life experience in the most logical way possible.

For this reason, it uses systems and processes that allow it to explain and analyze these elements in an orderly manner.

it’s radical

This quality has to do with the sensitivity of the topics that are the object of study in philosophy. This discipline concentrates its greatest efforts in areas that are decisive for the human being, such as the meaning of life and death.

These issues have a high level of sensitivity, so openly discussing them and proposing arguments or debates in that context is perceived as a radical and essential action.

Go beyond common sense

In this case, we refer to common sense as one that considers that the world is as it is observed, without raising questions about it.

Under this premise it is not necessary to verify the legitimacy of the context, since it has always been the same way. Philosophical thought is completely divorced from that notion and bases all its actions on questioning practically everything.

One of the strengths of philosophy is to analyze and understand beyond the predetermined. For this reason the so-called common sense is not relevant to this discipline.

References

Chiuminatto, P. «Science of sensitive knowledge: rationalist principles in the aesthetic doctrine of Alexander Baumgarten» (2014) in Scielo. Retrieved on October 22, 2019 from Scielo: scielo.conycit.cl
Moreno, J. «Of sensitive knowledge» in Torre de Babel Ediciones. Retrieved on October 22, 2019 from Tower of Babel Editions: e-torredebabel.com
«Philosophy» on Wikipedia. Retrieved on October 22, 2019 from Wikipedia: wikipedia.org
Lozano, M., Martínez, J. López, M. and Figueroa, P. “Filosofía” in Mc Graw Hill. Retrieved on October 22, 2019 from Mc Graw Hill: mheducation.cl
Boutroux, E. «The characteristics of modern philosophy» in Jstor. Retrieved on October 22, 2019 from Jstor: jstor.org
Mazanka, P. and Morawiec, E. “Classic Philosophy and some Negative Characteristics of Contemporary Culture” at Boston University. Retrieved on October 22, 2019 from Boston University: bu.edu

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