7 junio, 2024

The 100 most common Russian surnames and their meaning

A list of the surnames that you can find the most among Russian people.

The russian surnames most popular have various origins. Some come from traditional Slavic words, others have roots in Greek or Latin and also have surnames that were derived from Hebrew through the Orthodox Church.

The customs used in Russia when assigning names and surnames have interesting particularities in their structure. They use the proper name followed by a patronymic and lastly the last name.

To form the Russian patronymics, equivalent to the Hispanic second name, the name of the infant’s father is joined with suffixes that respectively mean ‘son of’ and ‘daughter of’: -ovich (-ович) in males and -ovna (-овна ) in the women.

Unlike patronymics, which change in each generation, surnames pass through the male line, that is, only the man’s surname is the one that will be used by his descendants.

In Russia, surnames are formed by a word (name, thing, place, nickname, etc.) followed by various suffixes, among which -ov (-ов) and -yev (-ев) stand out for men, while the feminine forms they are usually the same suffixes and an “a” at the end.

Surname suffixes can mean either ‘descendant of’ or ‘clan member of’, as ‘belongs to’ or simply ‘of’ (in its meaning of possession).

Normally in formal situations a person is addressed by their first name and patronymic, although legally they must carry these two elements and their last name on all identifications.

List of Russian surnames

On the left the name written in the Latin alphabet and on the right written in the Russian alphabet.

– Alexandrov (Alexandrov)

It is a patronymic surname of the proper name Alejandro, which comes from the Greek and means ‘protector of men’ or ‘defender of the people’. The feminine form in Russian is Alexandrova.

– Alexeyev (Alexeyev)

Coming from the name Alexey, this Russian surname is applied as Alexeyeva for women and means ‘protector’.

– Andreyev (Андреев)

In feminine Andreyeva, it comes from the proper name Andrei which means ‘masculine’ or ‘warrior’.

– Anisimov (Анисимов)

It comes from the Russian name Anisim, which in turn derives from the Greek name Onesimus whose meaning is ‘lucky’, ‘beneficent’ or ‘helpful’. The feminine form of this surname is Anisimova.

– Antonov (Antonov)

It follows from the name Anton, which means ‘he who faces his enemies’. In the case of women, the last name is Antonova.

– Baranov (Баранов)

It comes from a nickname that translates as ‘lamb’. The feminine form is Baranova.

– Belousov (Belousov)

This Russian surname also has its origin in a nickname, in this case it is Belye Usy which means ‘white moustache’. Belousova is written in the case of daughters.

– Belov (Белов)

It comes from the word ‘white’ or Belly in Russian. This surname should be spelled Belova for women.

– Belyayev (Беляев)

It derives from Belyay either belyai, expression used for blondes or people with white hair. In female this surname is Belyayeva.

– Blinov (Блинов)

It comes from the Russian word “блин” (blink), which translates into Spanish as ´panquecas’ or ‘pancakes’. Her feminine form is Blinova.

– Bobrov (Бобров)

This Russian surname is a patronymic for the word ‘beaver’. Bobrova is spelled in feminine.

– Bogdanov (Bogdanov)

It comes from the Russian masculine given name Bogdan, which means ‘given by God’ and is equivalent to the name Diosdado in Spanish. For the daughters the Bogdanova form is applied.

– Bolshakov (Bolshakov)

This surname derives from the nickname bolshak, which was given to the son or older brother, as well as to landowners in Russia and was a symbol of their importance. In the case of women this is written: Bolshakova.

– Borisov (Борисов)

It comes from the Bulgarian name Boris and its meaning is not clear. Some claim it means ‘wolf’, others ‘low’ or ‘leopard’. It has also been associated with the word borislava (‘famous battle’ in Slavic). In female this surname is Borisova.

– Danilov (Дани́лов)

Also written Danilova for women. She means ‘from Danil’, a Russian male name that translates as ‘the creator’s gift’.

– Davydov (Давыдов)

Patronymic used in Russia for the name David, meaning ‘beloved’. The feminine form is Davydova.

– Denisov (Denisov)

The proper name Denis comes from Dionysus, the god of fertility and wine in Ancient Greece, Denisov being his Russian patronymic. Denisova is the correct way of writing this Russian surname for women.

– Dmitriyev (Dmitriev)

It is the patronymic of the male name Dimitri, which means ‘sacred to Demeter’ (the Greek goddess of agriculture). For daughters the Dmitriyeva form applies.

– Dorofeyev (Dorofeev)

It comes from the name Dorofey which means ‘gift of God’. The feminine spelling of her is Dorofeyeva.

– Fedotov (Федотов)

Patronymic of Fedot (given by God). The feminine of this Russian surname is Fedotova.

– Filippov (Филиппов)

Derived from the male name Filipp, which means ‘friend of horses’. Its feminine is Filippova.

– Fomin (ФоMIN)

Patronymic of Foma, a masculine given name that translates as ‘twin’. The spelling for the daughters is Fomina.

– Frolov (Фролов)

It comes from the name Frol (‘blooming’). Her female form is Frolova.

– Fyodorov (Fёдоров)

It comes from the name Fyodor and means ‘divine gift’. In the case of women, the spelling is Fyodorova.

– Gerasimov (Gerasimov)

It is derived from the male name Gerasim which means ‘revered’ or ‘respected’. In female this surname is written Gerasimova.

– Golubev (Голубев)

This surname arises from the word used in Russian for ‘dove’ (golub). The form for women is Golubeva.

– Grigoriev (Григорьев)

It is the patronymic surname of the name Grigory or Grigori, which means ‘watchman’. The feminine spelling is Grigorieva.

– Gromov (Громов)

This Russian surname, also spelled Gromova for the daughters, comes from a nickname that was applied to people with loud voices and which is equivalent in Spanish to ‘rumbling’ or ‘noisy’.

– Gusev (Гусев)

It comes from the Russian word for ‘goose’ (the bird) and its feminine form is Guseva.

– Ilyin (Ильин)

It is the patronymic of Ilya (Elías), which means ‘my god is Yahveh’. Ilyina is the feminine form of this surname.

– Ivanov (Иванов)

It is derived from the name Ivan, which means ‘God is merciful’. The form used for daughters is Ivanova.

– Kalinin (Калинин)

This last name has its origin in the word kalina, which is the name of a plant used in traditional medicine known in Spanish as ‘aleluyos’ or ‘sauquillo’. For women the spelling is Kalinina.

– Kazakov (Казаков)

comes from the word kazak (Cossack) which translates as ‘free man’ or ‘nomad’: a population group that comes from the Russian steppes and the Ukraine. The feminine form of this surname is Kazakova.

– Kiselev (Киселёв)

Derived from the Russian word kissel, used for a forest fruit-based dessert, which can also be consumed as a drink. When it is a woman who bears this surname, it is spelled Kiseleva.

– Kolesnikov (Колесников)

This Russian surname means ‘son of the wheeler’ (wheel repairman), this was a common job before modern automobiles existed and it involved repairing the wooden wheels of wagons and carriages. The feminine form is Kolesnikova.

– Komarov (Komarov)

It is the surname from the Russian word for ‘mosquito’. In the case of women it is written Komarova.

– Konovalov (Konovalov)

It follows from the term used formerly for ‘veterinarian’. This surname is written as Konovalova for females.

– Korolev (Королёв)

It comes from the Russian word korol (‘king’). Women use the Koroleva form.

– Kovalev (Ковалёв)

This surname is rooted in the term koval (‘blacksmith’). In the female case the spelling Kovaleva is applied.

– Kozlov (Kozlov)

It comes from a nickname that can be translated into Spanish as ‘goat’. Daughters should wear Kozlova.

– Krylov (Krylov)

It originated from the Russian word for ‘wing’. In the case of women, Krylova is used.

– Kudryavtsev (Kudryavtsev)

It comes from the nickname that was used to call people who had curly or curly hair. The feminine form is Kudryavtseva.

– Kulikov (Куликов)

It derives from the proper name Kulik, which is related to a small bird known in Spanish as ‘curlew’. Women must use the Kulikova spelling.

– Kuzmin (Кузьмин)

It arose from the Russian form of the Greek name Kosmas and is related to the words ‘universe’, ‘rule’, ‘adorn’ and ‘order’. In the case of women, this surname is written Kuzmina.

– Kuznetsov (Kuznetsov)

It is the third most popular surname in Russia and means ‘son of the blacksmith’. For women the Kuznetsova form is used.

– Lazarev (Lazarev)

This surname is derived from the name Lazarus (Lazarev in Russian) which means ‘the one helped by God’. Women use the spelling Lazareva.

– Lebedev (Лебедев)

comes from the word ledeb which means ‘swan’. In the female case, Lebedeva is used.

– Makarov (Makarov)

It means ‘son of Macario’, a name of Greek origin meaning ‘blessed’ or ‘lucky’. When it comes to the daughters, Makarova is used as the last name.

– Markov (Markov)

It derives from a name of Roman origin (Marcus), whose meaning was ‘consecrated to the god Mars’, who was the deity of war. Markova is the feminine form.

– Matveev (Matweev)

It comes from the Russian male name Matvey, which translates as Matthew and means ‘gift of God’. The daughters receive the surname Matveyeva.

– Maksimov (Maksimov)

It arises from the Latin name Maximus, which means ‘the greatest’. In the female case, Maksimova is used as the last name.

– Medvedev (Medvedev)

It follows from the word Medved which translated into Spanish is ‘oso’. This surname is spelled Medvedeva for the daughters.

– Melnikov (Мельников)

This surname means ‘son of the miller’. The feminine form of him is Melnikova.

– Mikhaylov (Михайлов)

It means ‘of Mikhail’, which is the Russian form of the name Michael which means ‘Who is like God?’. In the case of women, the surname Mikhaylova is used.

– Mironov (Mironov)

It comes from the Russian male name Miron, which means ‘myrrh’ or ‘perfume’. Mironova is the feminine form of this surname.

– Morozov (Морозов)

This last name comes from the Russian term moroz, which can be translated as ‘frost’ (in reference to snow). For women it…

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