8 junio, 2024

The 10 Most Representative Renaissance Characters

Main Renaissance characters They are a group of authors, painters, historians and politicians whose works stood out in this period in Western Europe. This cultural movement was one of the most important historical stages: the arts and sciences flourished, which allowed humanity to be brought to the Modern Era.

Likewise, there was a recognition of Greco-Latin principles, whose influence was manifested not only in the arts, but also in politics. This influenced future studies of man and his relationship with the world. At this time the first explorations to America were made.

At this time there was the disintegration of feudalism as an economic and political system, and it was replaced by capitalism. In addition, the rise of merchants as the new ruling social class occurred.

Main representatives of the Renaissance

Leonardo da Vinci

Born as Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, he is recognized as the most representative figure of this period thanks to the contributions and inventions made in various areas of knowledge. He stood out as a sculptor, painter, inventor, engineer, scientist, anatomist, architect, and even urban planner.

Behind his genius is the invention of what would be the future helicopter, the war tank, the car and the submarine. That is why most experts qualify him as the only human being with so many talents that has existed until now.

He is known for important works such as the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper and the vitruvian manwhich have been studied, analyzed and have served as inspiration to later generations.

Lorenzo de’ Medici

He was the ruler of the Republic of Florence, a statesman, and a patron of several important artists during the Italian Renaissance. Likewise, he had a great sensitivity for the arts and philosophy.

Artists like Botticelli and Verrochio became known in Italy thanks to the support of Lorenzo de’ Medici. Even his intervention in several classic works allowed them to be recovered for the enjoyment of intellectuals and the public.

That is why experts proclaim Lorenzo de’ Medici as the «godfather of the Renaissance».

Miguel Angel

Also known as Michelangelo Buonarroti, he was an architect, painter, and sculptor considered one of the great artists during the Renaissance. Thanks to his impressive works, he was cataloged by his own colleagues as «the divine».

First he stood out in the art of sculpture, which he came to say was his favorite expression. However, he also made important paintings, including the great work on the vault of the Sistine Chapel, by order of Pope Julius II.

Other works that can be mentioned by this artist are pietywhich is located in the Basilica of Saint Peter; The David, in Florence; and the Madonna of Brugesin the church of Our Lady of Bruges.

As an architect, he is recognized for the urbanization of the Farnese Palace and also made interventions during the construction of the Basilica of San Pedro.

Raphael Sanzio

He stood out as a painter, architect and inspector of antiquities, for which he sought the care of the works and preservation of various Greco-Roman constructions.

Despite his sudden death at the age of 37, he left an important legacy in painting, drawing and architecture. Although he was not widely recognized at the time, he is now considered one of the great figures of this historic movement.

The most important works of this painter are in the Vatican Museums and in the Vatican Rooms, where the frescoes of the school of athens.

Nicholas Machiavelli

Machiavelli was an Italian diplomat, politician, writer and philosopher considered by experts in the field as the father of modern political science.

His political thoughts are summarized in his posthumous (and popular) work Princewhich contemplates assumptions about politics, social order and class structures.

In this work, the author refers to the Roman system and its laws, which implies that he was in agreement with various principles disclosed by the classical masters.

He even went so far as to suggest that the best type of government was the republic, for allowing a balance between all the organs that are part of society.

Donatello

Donatello was one of the leading sculptors during the early Renaissance. He was a master of monumental sculptures as well as reliefs, one of the great contributions made by this artist.

He not only worked with marble, but also with other materials such as bronze, wood and terracotta. For this reason it is possible to find a great variety of works by him.

His most recognized works are The David bronze, which is in the Bargello museum; and The David marble located in the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore.

Dante Alighieri

Alighieri was an Italian poet, writer of the Divine Comedy, considered one of the classic works today. Thanks to his prose, he is considered one of the first figures to demonstrate the literary transition from the Middle Ages to the Modern Age.

Likewise, he was an active participant in political life in his country, which earned him a series of inconveniences that led him into exile.

The so-called «supreme poet» is the author of several works, such as the new life, in which he expressed the vitality of the love he felt for his beloved Beatriz; and De vulgari eloquentia, a series of essays that delved into the use and transformation of language. The latter is believed to be one of the most important studies on the subject.

Giorgio Vasari

Some experts describe Vasari as one of the first art historians, since he recorded both significant events and important artists who stood out during the Renaissance, a term he coined.

His work contemplates a series of biographies, statistical data, legends, myths and anecdotes that prevailed during this period. This information was collected in the work The lives of the most excellent painters, sculptors and architectspublished in 1550.

Among other works carried out, the design of the Ufizzi Palace and the frescoes located in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence stand out.

Albrecht Dürer

Also known as Albrecht Durer, he was the most important painter of the Renaissance in Germany. His paintings, studies, drawings and pictorial treatises by him also influenced artists in the Netherlands.

Thanks to the work of Italian painters, Dürer carried out a series of studies on the anatomy of man, which were compiled in the posthumous work Four books on human proportions.

His classical-style paintings, engravings, and reliefs contrasted with the conservative and rigid format in Germany at the time.

sandro botticelli

Botticelli was one of the most important group of artists during the first period of the Italian Renaissance.

His work is characterized by the presence of high contrasts in colors, chiaroscuro, the expression of emotions through faces and the body, and a mainly religious and mythological agenda.

His masterpieces include The birth of Venus, Pallas and the Centaur, Spring and Strength.

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