6 junio, 2024

The 10 Most Popular Traditions and Customs of Sonora

Lace traditions and customs of Sonora They remain important in this region in large part thanks to the natives who strive to maintain the legacy of their ancestors and local tribes.

For example, the Guarijios celebrate two major festivals each year. The Papago ethnic group makes palm baskets throughout the Sonoran desert and celebrates the “Ritual de la Vikita”. The Dance of the Deer created by the Yaqui tribe is one of the most representative dances of the State and a great pride for its inhabitants.

The state of Sonora 10 divided into 72 municipalities; its capital city is Hermosillo and it shares part of its border with the United States. Its natural geography is composed mainly of arid and semi-arid deserts, as well as grasslands.

Sonora is home to eight indigenous groups. Thanks to its status as a border state it has been of great economic importance. It should be noted that its agriculture and livestock are also of great importance to Mexico.

List of customs and traditions of the state of Sonora in Mexico

1- Dance of the deer

It is a native dance of the Yaqui tribe in the state of Sonora. The dancers recreate a dramatic deer house in honor of the natural world and the white-tailed deer, which provide for most of the Yaqui’s needs.

This dance is one of the most popular in Mexico today. The Yaqui Indians fought valiantly to preserve their lands and cultures during the Spanish conquest, a great example being the Dance of the Deer, which has had no European influence and has changed very little over the centuries.

The entire atmosphere of the deer dance is created with traditional instruments and songs to accompany the dancers.

The dancer who imitates the deer (he has a head of the animal on top of his head) tries to recreate the movements of the wild white-tailed mammal. The other dancers represent the hunters who ultimately hunt the deer to provide sustenance.

This native Mexican dance is highly respected for its inherent ritual, primitive and spiritual qualities.

2- Sonoran capirotada

It is a traditional bread pudding-like dish that is generally eaten during the Lenten period. Specifically, in Sinaloa they usually eat on Ash Wednesday and Lent Friday.

Generally, its preparation consists of loaves of bread soaked in a syrup made with spices, interspersed with nuts such as almonds, peanuts or walnuts, as well as raisins.

3- Sonoran champurrado

This drink is traditionally taken in Sonora in cold times. It is a thick atole that contains cocoa, vanilla, cinnamon, milk and cloves. The typical version of Sonora is made with wheat flour.

4- Dance of Pascola

This dance, practiced by the Mayo-Yoremes and Yankees-Yoremes tribes, represents the creation of nature to which the ancient Indians worshiped.

It has European influences, marked mainly by the use and accompaniment of violins and harps. The other musical accompaniment of the dance is made up of drums and flutes, classic instruments of American cultures.

5- Dance of matachines

This dance is performed during the Lenten season. It is related to the former Jesuit missionaries and their influence on the indigenous populations of the region, especially the Yoremes.

During Lent it is common to see the machatines circulating through the streets of Culiacán. He has a specific outfit; they put on masks that represent animals, they have bells that sound when they walk while they play the flute.

Currently, they travel thousands of kilometers while they dance and also ask for money in the streets as a collaboration.

6- Dance of the coyotes

This emblematic dance is practiced exclusively in the ceremonial center of San Miguel de Zapotitlán. This celebration involves a musician playing the drum and the lyrics of the dance have to do with the life of a coyote.

The main accessory of the dancers who participate in this dance is a coyote skin that covers their back, starting from their head. This skin may have an ornate set of turkey, eagle, or buzzard feathers.

7- Coyotes

This dessert is traditional from the capital of Sonora, Hermosillo. Coyotas are large, flat sugar cookies traditionally filled with brown sugar. Although it is believed that they date from the end of the 19th century, the current version of this cookie dates back to 1954 when it was prepared in Villa de Seris.

The history of the recipe currently used is a legend of the town of Hermosillo. Coyota means daughter of Indian and Spanish.

8- Sonora International Guitar Festival

For more than 10 years, this festival has hosted the best guitarists from both Mexico and the world.

During the festival, you can attend lectures given by the best guitar teachers and experts in the world, you can also watch performances by talented guitarists.

Additionally, guitar lessons can be taken at all skill levels and various photo exhibits can be enjoyed.

9- Crafts from Sonora

The seven indigenous groups of Sonora make the typical crafts of this region. The artisans collect sea shells and these materials are transformed into bracelets and necklaces. Other materials used by the artisans include snake skeletons, seeds, and stones.

Additionally, artisans who work hard woods such as ‘ironwood’ create sculptures and stems of great rustic and natural simplicity.

The Yaquis and Seris tribes are inspired by their environments to create ironwood objects; as a result a large number of the objects they produce are representations of animals.

Lacquerware products made of wood, bone, or clay are an important part of traditional Sonoran crafts. Some are used in daily use, while others are used for rituals.

10- ExpoGan

This fair held in Hermosillo is characterized by offering a great variety of customs typical of Sonora. Its attractions include live music, dances, dishes and drinks typical of the region, and mechanical games.

This fair lasts several weeks each year.

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