7 junio, 2024

The 10 Most Popular Legends and Myths of Chiapas

The Chiapas legends and myths they are closely related to its origins and history as a Mexican state; They have a great aboriginal influence. Its capital city is Tuxtla Gutiérrez; other important cities include Ocosingo, Tapachula, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Comitán and Arriaga.

Chiapas, the southernmost state, borders the states of Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Tabasco. It also borders Guatemala and the Pacific Ocean. It is home to many ancient Mayan ruins, so most of its traditions are related to this culture.

Additionally, it is also home to one of the largest indigenous populations in all of Mexico. These two elements have played an important role in all the oral traditions of this state.

This state has a complex geography with seven distinctive regions. Here are the Sierra Madre, the central depression, the central plains, and the northern mountains.

List of myths and legends of Chiapas in Mexico

1- Strong arm

It is said that in the town of El Jobo, the descendants of the Zoques believe that when a hunter catches an anteater alive, it crosses its arms on its chest and makes knots with its hooves that no one can loosen.

Therefore, it is believed that when a man can untie his hooves, he automatically becomes the strongest man in the entire region; someone that no one can beat in power and strength.

Additionally, it is said that when the bear opens its arms it releases a stone: the one who managed to unleash its hooves must swallow the stone to gain great strength.

2- The cave of Mactumatza

It is said that on the Mactumatzá hill there is a cave that is enchanted. According to legend, the cave is hidden throughout the year except for one day. Supposedly only one person has managed to enter and he reported that there are enormous amounts of food and drink.

According to the story, all the people who live there are very kind and allow you to eat and drink as much as you want as long as you don’t take anything out of the cave.

Additionally, whoever enters must leave at 12:00 at night since the cave closes at that time and opens exactly the following year: every holy Thursday.

3- The drain

Legend has it that the original Chiapas were so powerful that they were never conquered by the Aztecs. It is believed that they were not exterminated by the Spanish, but that they themselves decided to commit suicide before being dominated.

It is said that when they found themselves trapped by the Spanish in the Battle of El Sumidero, the Chiapanecas jumped into the river from the precipice, dyeing the river water red.

The Spanish were so moved that they pardoned the survivors and founded a new town.

4- San Pascual cart

In Tuxtla Gutiérrez, near the church, it is said that there is the San Pascual cart that takes people who must leave for a better life. It is said that the cart leaves at the San Pascualito temple and is pushed by a skeleton.

Supposedly, the cart stops at the house where there will be a deceased. Additionally, it is said that you cannot look at the cart; if the driving skeleton looks at someone, the spirit will get on the wagon while its body stays in that place.

Locals say that the cart can be heard coming along with a great cold.

5- The hat

They say he is a tall man in a smart suit, boots, and a black hat that hides his face. When he appears to a person he immobilizes him so that he cannot escape; his victims feel terrible anguish.

The hatter offers his victims great riches and if they accept, he leaves them stranded in places far from their origin.

When the hatter has done his job, he rides away on a great black horse through the streets of San Fernando.

6- The tisigua

She is supposed to be a woman who can be found in wells and seduces men who are not well behaved. She has long hair and makes men lose their minds.

If a badly behaved man passes by a river and hears an inviting whistle, a beautiful woman appears who seduces him and then drives him crazy.

7- The three packages

In the Motozintla community of Mendoza once it rained non-stop for three days and three nights. When the rain finally stopped, two Mochó Indians went to look for their cattle on the other side of the river; as it was very grown they sat down to wait.

While waiting, they saw three packages that were dragging the current, thinking they were canoes, they approached. They couldn’t catch the first two, but they did catch the third one, which to their surprise was the image of a person carved in wood.

The shaman told them that it was the image of Saint Francis of Assisi and to take it to the church. However, the image had disappeared when it was taken away. When they finally picked up the other two packages, they were the images of San Martín Caballero and Señor Santiago.

These images are in the church of Mazapa de Madero and in Amatenango de la Frontera.

8- The dog and the crocodile

It is said that you should not take a dog to a river, since the crocodiles do not support their presence. This is because in ancient times a dog used to walk through the lagoon; this dog had no tongue, since dogs had no tongue at that time.

One day the dog told a crocodile that if he lent him his tongue he could bring them animals he had hunted. The next day the dog brought him several pieces of prey and the crocodile confidently lent him his tongue. However, the dog never came back.

That is why it is said that if a crocodile sees a dog, it eats it immediately; everyone remembers the bad deed of the dog that stole the tongue of this crocodile.

9- Tultepec’s girlfriend

In that town lived an engaged couple, but before getting married the woman described her best friend and her boyfriend having an affair. Crazed, the woman beat them both to death.

When the wedding day came, everyone made fun of her for being left alone. The woman cursed them all and she committed suicide. It is said that from 9 pm to 3 am, in the church you can hear voices celebrating the newlyweds and bells that frighten people.

10- The death of the zoque

It is said that when a zoque dies, his soul goes to Tzapatá, taking the path of the Sabinal River until it ends in Cunguy, today San Fernando. Here are caves filled with candles to help the deceased locate the path to the Tsuan and continue life after death.

When living people dream, it is believed that they visit the deceased in Tsuan. The Zoques believe that when they die they reincarnate in animals such as hummingbirds, butterflies, eagles or quetzals.

Themes of interest

The streets of the colonial cities and their legends.

Guatemalan legends.

Legends of Mexico.

Mayan legends.

Argentine legends.

Colombian legends.

Legends of Jalisco.

Legends of Guanajuato.

Durango Legends.

Chihuahuan legends.

Legends of Campeche.

Legends of Baja California Sur.

Legends of Aguascalientes.

Legends of Veracruz.

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