8 junio, 2024

The 10 Most Popular Legends and Myths of Baja California

Many of the Baja California legends and myths they are still young. They are at the point of being rumors and gossip, but slowly stories with some elements of legends are appearing.

The mythology of this region has been processed through the fables of the original indigenous natives who were encountered by the Jesuit missionaries. When a legend meets the symbols of the collective unconscious, a myth is formed, and the seed of truth from which it originated is unimportant.

Baja California is the northernmost state of Mexico. It borders Baja California Sur, the Pacific Ocean and the United States. Its most important cities are Mexicali, Tijuana and Ensenada.

Baja California’s geography is a combination of beaches, deserts, and forests. In that state is the Sierra de Baja California, where the Picacho del Diablo, the highest point of the peninsula, is located. The landscapes are a combination of deserts, valleys, and coasts.

List of myths and legends of the state of Baja California

1- The boyfriends of Cuesta Blanca

This event is said to have occurred in the second half of the 20th century. The happiness of Camilo and Victoria, newlyweds, was interrupted by an accident on the coast in Cuesta Blanca.

Since then, Camila wanders the road, begging passersby to help her dying husband.

It is said that if you drive down this lonely road at night, you might find Camila in her bloodstained white dress crying: ‘it’s too late.’

The couple in this story got married at the famous Rosarito hotel; the Cuesta Blanca road is famous for the large number of accidents that occur every year.

2- The myth of La Bufadora

This myth explains the activity of the buffoon the Bufadora. It is said to have been created during the annual migration of whales, when a calf became separated from the group.

This whale was trapped between the current and the mountains; she called the other whales but desperate, seeing that they did not come, she began to throw jets of water through her blowhole.

The other whales could never find it and as time passed, the whale merged with the rocks of the mountain, creating the Bufadora.

3- Hanson’s Lagoon

It is said that a Norwegian man named Jacob Hanson bought a house near the central area of ​​the Sierra de Juárez. The man was a loner and created a farm far from all civilization.

Thanks to his estate, the man accumulated a small fortune that he buried in a secret place. As rumors of this spread, criminals killed Hanson seeking his fortune, but never managed to discover the treasure.

4- Calafia

It is said that the state of Baja California owes its name to the myth of Queen Calafia. It is said that in these lands there was an island where black women lived similar to the Amazons in their lifestyle.

They were strong, lived in caves, and did not allow men into their culture. They had boats and they killed the men they found, however some were their collaborators and if they got pregnant and gave birth to a child, they killed him. If they gave birth to a girl, they kept her.

It is said that Queen Calafia achieved more things than others before her, she was very beautiful, and strong. From there she owes her name California.

5- The nurse

This story tells that there was a nurse who worked at the San Felipe health center. One night after her shift, she tried to drive to Mexicali to see a patient. In Laguna Salada, she fell asleep behind the wheel, was in an accident and died.

Legend has it that he now stands guard on the highway, stopping if he sees a stranded car to offer help.

6- Melchior Díaz and his grave

Legend has it that during his travels, Captain Melchior Díaz found a tribe of giants. According to the stories, he and his men arrived in a province of tall and strong men, like giants. Evidently these were the Cocopah tribe.

While here, Díaz tried to go west to see if he could find the Pacific Ocean. However, he had an accident and his men had to carry him back.

Supposedly they had to carry it for 20 days until Diaz finally died. His body is said to be buried in the desert, somewhere to the west of the Imperial Valley.

7- The piano of the elementary school Leona Vicario

This story tells that a music teacher died years ago in the basement of this school. It is said that on the last day of vacation, the teacher was playing the piano and she did not listen when the guards knocked on the door asking if anyone was still there.

With no one to let her out, after being locked up for months the teacher died. It is said that people who pass by this school can still hear the piano.

8- The lady of the five

It is said that in Mexicali lived a lady who mistreated her children. After some time and feeling guilty of her, she confessed to the priest, who told her that she should travel to Rome to be forgiven.

Since the lady did not have money to travel, the priest ordered her to ask for alms, but she will only accept 5-cent coins; if she received another amount she had to deny it.

For that reason, they began to call her the lady of five, but she died before completing the money for the trip.

It is said that if a lady is found asking for ‘a five’ and is given another amount, she will lift her veil, showing a skull and cursing the person.

9- Vaquitas of the Gulf of California

It is said that there was a man in a tribe, called Coyote de Agua, who had the power to become a coyote and a sea animal. When the war came, Coyote de Agua fought along with his brothers, but in the end only he was left.

When he fled, turned into a coyote, he went into the sea and looked for some stones. He then he placed a stone under the tongue of each woman and each child; one by one they went into the sea and became animals similar to dolphins: the vaquitas.

10- The black cat

It is said that in Ensenada, there lived a girl who loved cats and adopted them. One day she found a black cat and took it to her house. However, the other cats feared him. Little by little, the black cat was driving away and killing the other cats.

One day, the black cat turned into a giant cat and wrapped its tail around the girl’s neck until it killed her.

When he died, the other cats came back and began to meow; if they hadn’t come back and warned, no one would have found out about his death.

Themes of interest

The streets of the colonial cities and their legends.

Guatemalan legends.

Legends of Mexico.

Mayan legends.

Argentine legends.

Colombian legends.

Legends of Jalisco.

Legends of Guanajuato.

Durango Legends.

Chihuahuan legends.

Legends of Campeche.

Chiapas legends.

Legends of Baja California Sur.

Legends of Aguascalientes.

Legends of Veracruz.


Legend the black cat. Retrieved from paratodomexico.com The myth of the Scarf in Dhiré (2011). Recovered from sites.google.com Melchior Díaz. Retrieved from blueroadrunner.com The piano at Leona Vicario Elementary. Retrieved from paratodomexico.com How the vaquitas arrived in the Gulf of California (2009). Retrieved from clasesdelprofecarlos.blogspot.com Calafia, queen of Baja. Retrieved from blueroadrunner.com Mexican Legends – Hanson’s Lagoon (2013). Recovered from lovienlaweb.com The lady of five. Recovered from paratodomexico.com The nurse. Recovered from blueroadrunner.com Baja California. Recovered from wikipedia.org The Newlyweds Of Cuesta Blanca. Recovered from asiesmimexico.mx.

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