15 julio, 2024

The 10 Most Important Rivers of the Amazon Region

Main rivers of the amazon region of Colombia are the Amazon, the Caquetá, the Apaporis, the Putumayo, the Guainía, the Guaviare and the Vaupés. In general, they are very navigable rivers and relevant for the economic activities of the area.

The Colombian Amazon region limits to the north with the Orinoquía region. To the south it limits with Peru, Ecuador and Brazil; to the west with the Andean region and to the east with Brazil and Venezuela.

These rivers play an extremely important role in the Amazon natural region, since they are the main transportation route in the area.

Main rivers of the Colombian Amazon

1- Amazon River

It is the longest and mightiest river on the planet. The Amazon River is 7,062 kilometers long, and its basin covers an area of ​​more than 7,000,000 square kilometers.

It is born in the Ucayali-Apurímac fluvial system, in southern Peru. It passes through the extreme south of Colombia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean.

It has more than 1,000 tributaries and is the largest drainage system in the world.

2- Putumayo River

It establishes the southern border of Colombia with both Ecuador and Peru.

The Putumayo River is 1,813 kilometers long and its route crosses Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Brazil.

3- Guainia River

It is the largest river of all the tributaries of the Amazon River and owes its name to the dark color of its waters.

It has an estimated length of 2,250 kilometers. It originates in Colombia, where it is called the Guainía River.

Upon entering Brazil it is called the Negro River and flows into the Amazon River.

4- Vaupes River

It is one of the most important tributaries of the Negro River. Due to its flow, it is navigable only in some sections.

Its length is 1050 kilometers. It is born in the department of Guaviare, at the juncture between the Itilla and Unilla rivers.

Then it follows its course to the department of Vaupés, on the border with Brazil.

5- Caqueta River

It is born in the Páramo de las Papas, in the Colombian massif, and follows a path of approximately 2,880 kilometers until it flows into the Solimões River (name adopted by the Amazon River in Brazil).

The Caquetá River constitutes two natural borders between Colombian departments: the limit between the departments of Cauca and Putumayo, and the demarcation between Caquetá and Amazonas.

6- Apaporis River

It is born in the Mesa de Pardos, in the department of Meta, and originates from the confluence of the Tunia and Ajajú rivers.

It is the main tributary of the Caquetá River and is 960 kilometers long. It establishes a section of the natural border between the departments of Caquetá and Guaviare, as well as between Caquetá and Vaupés.

7- Guaviare River

It originates in the eastern Colombian mountain range, specifically on the border line between the departments of Meta and Guaviare, until it flows into the Orinoco River, on the border with Venezuela.

It establishes the natural borders of the departments of Guaviare and Guainía (northern limit) and between Meta and Vicha (southern limit). It has 1497 kilometers of extension.

8- Pure River

Shared with Brazil, where it is known as Puruí, it is a small river that is located between the Putumayo and Caquetá basins. Its mouth is in the Yapurá River.

9- Papuri River

River that is born in the Colombian department of Vaupés and that ends in the Amazon of Brazil. It forms one of the borders between the two countries.

10- Cahuinari River

Located in the department of Amazonas, occupying a large part of the Cahuinarí National Natural Park. Near this river inhabit the towns of La Pedrera and Araracuara.

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