7 junio, 2024

The 10 most famous traditions and customs of Lima

The traditions and customs of Lima They are the result of syncretism between the Inca, Hispanic, Asian and African cultures, which are reflected in the customs of its inhabitants as part of their identity.

There are many traditions that are still valid in Lima in the 21st century, such as the vendors on the city streets (formerly town criers), who offer their products out loud.

There are religious traditions in Lima, playing cards, horse racing and bullfighting, among many others. The streets of the Peruvian capital evoke colonialism in its architecture as testimonial proof of its rich cultural heritage.

And the gastronomy, one of the most important in the world, is also a sample of the cultural mix.

List of traditions and customs of Lima

bullfights

After Spain and Mexico, Peru is the third most important bullfighting country in the world. Every year it celebrates more than 550 bullfighting parties.

Bullfighting was one of the most representative pastimes that the Spanish conquerors took pains to reproduce in the New World.

Particularly the patron saint festivals in Lima, cities on the coast and in the Andes, include indigenous-style bullfights, called «Yawuar Fiesta».

The blood festival is characterized by tying an adult condor to the back of the bull so that the residents wear their ponchos and then culminating in the release of the condor.

This act is a traditional way of symbolizing the supremacy of the indigenous culture (represented by the condor) over the Spanish one.

Pisco day

Pisco is an alcoholic beverage prepared from grapes, originally from Peru in the 16th century. It was produced from the first vines brought to the territory by the Marquis Francisco de Caravantes.

The first centers of wine and pisco production were Ica and Moquegua. Exports from these regions to Central America began in 1630.

Subsequently, in 1791, towards Valparaíso, Valdivia and Concepción, and finally in 1800 they had managed to capture the European and North American markets.

The Pisco Day celebration takes place on the fourth Sunday of July. On this date, the people of Lima celebrate the tourism boost of the Peru brand thanks to one of its main products.

The first Saturday of February is the day of the Pisco Sour. During this festivity, a series of exhibitions, pairings and gastronomic fairs are held in the capital city.

The founding of Lima

It is a celebration that takes place from January 15 to 25 of each year, commemorating the founding of the city.

On the eve of January 18, the inhabitants of the city share and enjoy cultural presentations, gastronomic tastings and fireworks.

The following days parades of comparsas are held and various folkloric shows are organized, in which Peruvian and international cultural and artistic groups perform.

The procession of the Lord of Miracles

This religious festival occurs in the month of October. It is characterized by the presence in the various processions of the typical sweet of the season, the nougat of Doña Pepa.

The day of Saint Rose of Lima

On August 30, the day of Santa Rosa de Lima is celebrated throughout the country, however, in the capital it is lived with greater intensity.

The festivity contemplates a pilgrimage to which the faithful go to Santa Rosa de Quives, the place where the saint lived during her childhood.

Peruvian Paso Horse National Competition

Equine contest held every year during the month of March or April and lasts one week. It is held in Mamacona and there are already more than 70 editions of this exhibition that brings together horses, mares, foals, capons, among other equines.

Feast of San Martin de Porres

It is a tradition in Lima, as well as in many other places in Peru, that on November 3, Saint Martin de Porres (1579-1639) is remembered, coinciding with that date of his death.

This patronal festival is celebrated by taking processions of the saint to the streets or visiting the church of Santo Domingo de Lima, where his mortal remains rest.

Tour of seven churches at Easter

It is a vestige of viceregal customs. Today, still in Lima, seven churches are visited during Holy Week, and people listen to the «three-hour sermon», invented by the Lima priest Francisco del Castillo.

cockfighting

Cockfighting was a Spanish custom that was introduced in the New World. Currently, there are three coliseums to attend: the Tradición Sandía coliseum, the Rosedal International coliseum and the Círculo de Aficionados a los Gallos de Pelea.

Eating sweets in Kennedy Park

Kennedy Park is the main park in Miraflores. Hundreds of stalls are placed there that invite Lima residents and tourists to taste traditional sweets, such as purple mazamorra, picarones, rice pudding, suspiro a la limeña or nougat, among an incredible variety.

References

Customs in Lima. Retrieved from lima.costasur.com.
Lime. Recovered from britannica.com.
Traditions and Dances. (nd). Recovered from visitalima.pe.

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