12 julio, 2024

The 10 Masters of Simón Bolívar with the Most Influence

The teachers of Simon Bolivar The most important were Simón Narciso Rodríguez, Andrés Bello, Alexander von Humboldt, Guillermo Pelgrón, among others. They had a prominent influence on his political ideas, personality, education, and outlook on life in general.

Simón Bolívar, better known as El Libertador or El Hombre de América, was a Venezuelan military and politician recognized for liberating different nations of America after Spanish colonization.

As a leader of American emancipation, he founded the republics of Gran Colombia and Bolivia. Gran Colombia, after his death, would become the republics of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama. Bolívar also collaborated with the reorganization of the nation of Peru.

As a historical figure, he had a great influence on the leaders and military of the American continent. His legacy is part of universal history and has even given rise to nationalist political currents recognized under the name of «Bolivarianism.»

His markedly liberal thinking and actions were influenced by his environment, the ideas of the great thinkers of the Enlightenment and, naturally, by the teachers who forged and guided his education.

The main teachers of Simón Bolívar

1- Francisco A. Carrasco: professor of arithmetic and writing

Since he was a child, Simón Bolívar would receive lessons from Francisco A. Carrasco, a highly trusted employee of his family and tutor of the young Bolívar.

Carrasco worked as an accountant and cashier in an import store. In his free time, he taught Bolívar first letters, writing and arithmetic.

2- Don Fernando Vides: professor of arithmetic and writing

Don Fernando Vides was close to the Bolívar family. He was a witness during the takeover of the Las Gradillas house and tutor of the rest of Bolívar’s brothers. He gave the boy Simón classes in arithmetic, first letters and writing.

3- Fray Francisco de Andujar

Simón Bolívar’s training in mathematics, during his childhood, corresponded to the teachings of Fray Francisco de Andújar, a Capuchin monk who founded a mathematics academy in Caracas, which Bolívar attended.

4- Guillermo Pelgron

Don Guillermo Pelgrón had been a teacher since 1778 and ran one of the few primary schools that operated legally in Caracas. He instructed Simón in Latin language and culture and grammar.

He also employed a young educator in “first letters”, who would later become one of Bolívar’s main teachers, Simón Rodríguez (Rodríguez, 1990).

5- Pedro Palacios and Sojo

He was a priest and music teacher from the middle of the 18th century, recognized simply by the name of «Padre Sojo» (Calcaño, 1973).

As a teacher and great-uncle through the maternal line of the Liberator, he established a close relationship with the young man through the teaching of music at his music school, established in the town of Chacao, Caracas.

In that school he also instructed great musicians in the history of Venezuela such as José Ángel Lamas, Juan José Landaeta (author of the music for the Venezuelan National Anthem), Lino Gallardo, Cayetano Carreño, among others (Swain, 2016).

6- Jose Antonio Negrete

He instructed Bolívar in history and religion (spirituality) (Prieto & Argüelles Mauri, 2002).

7- Simon Rodriguez

Simón Rodríguez, later known as Simón Robinson, was a Venezuelan writer, philosopher, and educator, recognized both for his works and for having been one of Bolívar’s main teachers and mentors (Tarver Denova & Frederick, 2005).

He has taught since he was 21 years old at the School of Reading and Writing for Children. There she met little Simon and became his teacher.

Bolívar’s guardian delegated responsibility for Bolívar to Rodríguez, who welcomed him into his home, where 20 other children also lived. At first, Bolívar was reluctant and rebellious. He did not stop escaping until the courts forced him to stay with his new guardian.

In 1974, Rodríguez presented a critical writing, inspired by Rousseau’s ideas, about the educational model of the American nations. His thinking and writings on education denoted a liberal and transgressive spirit for his time.

Bolívar even alluded in his letters that his teacher taught having fun, trying to break the old customs derived from Spanish colonialism.

In his famous work American Societies, Rodríguez highlighted the importance that each independent republic should give to originality in its models and institutions.

An avid reader and lover of freedom, his character would have an impact on Bolívar years after their first meeting, since Simón was just a child and his family sent him, during adolescence, to Europe to learn fine arts and good manners. as was common for a young man of his position.

In Europe, Rodríguez and Bolívar met again in France in 1804. At that time, Rodríguez influenced him as a mentor and promoted his independence ideas.

They traveled through France and Italy, witnessed the coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte as King of Italy and together climbed Monte Sacro, in Rome, where Simón Bolívar recited his famous oath for the Independence of America.

Rodríguez’s influence as a mentor and affection for Bolívar would be described by the Liberator in an epistle in the year 1824:

“You formed my heart for freedom, for justice, for the great, for the beautiful. I have followed the path you pointed out to me. You were my pilot, although sitting on one of the beaches of Europe. You cannot imagine how deeply the lessons that you have given me have been engraved in my heart, I have never been able to erase even a comma from the great sentences that you have given me” (Rumazo González, 2005).

8- Andres Bello

Andrés Bello was one of the most important humanists and educators in the entire history of Venezuela and Latin America. His contributions served as a frame of reference to begin to define the Spanish American civilization.

His work gave rise to the Civil Code; His criticism was important in the independence process; he promoted the creation of educational institutions and communication media; he contributed great works to literature and the study of the first letters, among other feats of a life dedicated to humanism for more than 7 decades.

However, as Bolívar’s teacher, he had a brief influence during his youth, giving him private classes in Geography and Literature.

Years later, they met in Europe and together they formed the diplomatic expedition to London to seek English financing for the independence cause (Lynch, 2006).

9- Jerónimo Ustáriz y Tovar (Marquis of Ustáriz)

Bolívar set sail for Madrid when he was only 15 years old. He was received in the comfortable house of the Marqués de Ustáriz, his protector and teacher during his stay in the Spanish capital.

According to some historians, Ustáriz was one of the most important personalities in Bolívar’s life and formation, despite the fact that historiography focuses on the influence of Rodríguez and Bello.

Some of Bolívar’s letters certify that, in Madrid, Bolívar learned horse riding, dancing and fencing, while deepening his readings of enlightened philosophers, classics of antiquity, historians, orators and poets, including the modern classics of Spain for the time. , France, Italy and Great Britain.

The marquis also supported Bolívar during his courtship and marriage with the young María Teresa Del Toro (Cardozo Uzcátegui, 2011).

10- Alexander von Humboldt

Alexander von Humboldt was a German scientist and naturalist of great influence for humanity, because his character and ideas stood out against the common ideals of his time.

He met Bolívar during his stay in Paris and since then they established a bond that would fill many of the concerns of the Liberator of America with meaning and would also forge a friendship that lasted until Bolívar’s death in 1830 (Rippy & Brann, 1947).

In Humboldt, Bolívar found an equal in his views on nature and nations. Together with him, he nurtured his thought of deep humanism, worldview, respect and naturalistic awareness.

For Humboldt, Bolívar represented all the potential that America meant. Therefore, he devoted several years of study to the nature of the New World. Bolívar recognized each discovery as a feat that he had given more to the continent than any other conqueror (Madre Tierra Magazine, 2014).

More information about the education of Simón Bolívar

When he was little, Bolívar began his education as a child of his position, through private tutors who had already instructed his older brothers.

However, after the death of his mother at the age of 9, Simón’s guardianship passes into the hands of his grandfather Feliciano. Shortly after, he also died and was left under the guardianship of his uncle Carlos, who was recognized as a greedy man who wanted to keep the immense fortune of the child Simón (Sherwell, 2005).

Carlos enrolled Bolívar in the Public School of the Cabildo de Caracas. His educational experience there was very poor and weak, not only due to his rebellion, but also because the campus had numerous organizational and resource problems that prevented optimal service.

At the request of one of his sisters, the boy was withdrawn from said institution and, since then, his education would acquire an informal and liberal character at the hands of influential teachers and tutors.

It would be formed with books and profound documents by John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, among others (Straussmann Masur, 2016). His training was complemented by trips to Europe and even classes in modern languages, fencing, dance and horse riding.

References

Calcano, JA (1973). Biography of Father Sojo, 1739-1799. Caracas: Ministry of Education.
Cardozo Uzcátegui, A. (2011, November 11). Don Gerónimo Enrique de Uztáriz y Tovar. II Marquis of Uztariz. Protector and teacher of Simón Bolívar in Madrid. Recovered from the website of the Institutional Repository of the University of Los Andes: saber.ula.ve.
Lynch, J. (2006). Simón Bolívar: A Life. Connecticut: Yale University Press.
Prieto, A., & Argüelles Mauri, M. (2002). Cubans Speak and Sing Bolívar. Havana: Editorial José Martí.
Mother Earth Magazine. (2014, June). Alexander of Humboldt. Retrieved from the Madre Tierra Magazine website: revistamadretierra.com.
Rippy, J.F., & Brann, E.R. (1947). Alexander von Humboldt and Simon Bolivar. The American Historical Review, 697-703. Recovered from: Alexander von Humboldt and Simón Bolívar.
Rodriguez, S. (1990). American Societies. Caracas: Ayacucho Library.
Ruiz, G.A. (1991). Bolivar’s education. Caracas: Tropykos Editorial Fund.
Rumazo González, A. (2005). Simón Rodríguez, teacher of America. Caracas: Ayacucho Library.
Sherwell, GA (2005). Simon Bolivar. 1st World Library.
Straussmann Masur, G. (2016, July 21). Simon Bolivar. Retrieved from the Encyclopædia Britannica website: britannica.com.
Swain, J.P. (2016). Historical Dictionary of Sacred Music. London:…

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