11 julio, 2024

Temper of mind: concept, characteristics, examples

what is the mood?

He temper of mind It is defined as the state of mind in which the author or lyrical speaker of a poetic piece finds himself and is one of the important elements that characterize the lyrical genre. The lyrical speaker is the subject who expresses himself, feels and sings in the poems.

This can reflect joy, nostalgia, sadness, hope, hate, optimism, pessimism, passion, love, forgiveness, among others. The mood is not only manifested in poetry, but in poetic prose. In either case, this mood affects the reader emotionally, providing a framework for interpretation.

In general, the mood helps to create the atmosphere or environment in the literary work. Through this, various specific and appropriate emotional responses are achieved in the readers; toit does ensure the emotional attachment to the literary piece. Once readers connect emotionally, they can fully understand the writer’s message.

Characteristics of mood

Determine the poem or prose

The mood determines the type of poem or poetic prose. When this is sad or expresses equivalent sentiments, it may be an elegy. On the other hand, a cheerful mood is more related to an ode.

The environment is influential

On the other hand, one of the elements that help the author to transmit certain moods is the environment. For example, the feelings aroused by the gloomy environment of a hospital are different from those generated by a peaceful landscape.


Likewise, the tone of the lyrical piece is essential to express a mood. Using a distant and withdrawn tone will convey different feelings than a witty and jovial tone will.

vocabulary and style

Finally, the choice of words—and, in general, the writing style—determine the mood of a poem or poetic prose.



“Mother: tonight a year dies on us.
In this big city, everyone is celebrating;
zambombas, serenades, shouts, ah, how they shout!;
Of course, since everyone has their mother close…

I am so alone, mother,
just!; but I lie, that I wish I were;
I am with your memory, and the memory is a year
past that remains

If you saw, if you heard this commotion: there are men
crazy dresses, with old pans,
pan drums,
cowbells and bugles;

the scoundrel breath
of drunken women;
the devil, with ten cans pinned to his tail,
He walks through those streets inventing pirouettes,

and for this balumba in which he jumps
the big hysterical city,
my loneliness and your memory, mother,
they march like two sorrows.

This is the night that everyone gets
in the eyes the bandage,
to forget that there is someone closing a book,
so as not to see the periodic settlement of accounts,

where the items go to the Credit of Death,
for what comes and for what stays,
because we do not suffer it has been lost
and what was enjoyed yesterday is a loss…”

In the poem «The twelve grapes of time» by the Venezuelan Andrés Eloy Blanco, reflects the mood of the lyrical speaker (an exile in distant lands): nostalgia for the absent mother on an important date.


«I can write the saddest verses tonight.
Write, for example: «The night is starry,
and the stars shiver, blue, in the distance”.
The night wind spins in the sky and sings.

I can write the saddest verses tonight.
I loved her, and sometimes she loved me too.
Through nights like this I held her in my arms.
I kissed her so many times under the infinite sky.

She loved me, sometimes I also loved her.
How not to have loved her great still eyes.
I can write the saddest verses tonight.
To think that I do not have her. Feeling I’ve lost her.

Hear the inmense night, even more without her.
And the verse falls to the soul like dew to grass.
Does it matter that my love could not keep it.
The night is full of stars and she is not with me.

That’s all. In the distance someone sings. In the distance.
My soul is not content with having lost it

As if to bring her closer, my gaze searches for her.
My heart looks for her, and she is not with me…»

The lyrical speaker of Chilean poet Pablo Neruda’s «Poem number 20» clearly shows sadness when evoking a love relationship already lost.


«Lady Spring
you saw that it is precious,
dress in lemon tree
and orange blossom.

wears by sandals
wide leaves,
and by caravans
some red fuchsias

go out to find her
for those roads.
She’s going crazy with suns
and crazy trills!

lady spring
of fertile breath,
laughs at all
the sorrows of the world…

He does not believe the one who speaks to him
of ruinous lives
How are you going to meet them?
among the jasmine

how will you find them
next to the sources
of golden mirrors
and burning songs?

of the sick earth
in the brown cracks,
light rose bushes
of red pirouettes

Put your laces
light your vegetables,
on the sad stone
of the graves…

lady spring
glorious hands,
do what for life
let’s spill roses:

roses of joy,
forgiveness roses,
love roses,
and of exultation”.

Many phrases in this work by the Chilean Gabriela Mistral denote the mood of her poem «Lady Spring”. In general, these phrases show the cheerful state of mind of the author of it.

Difference between mood and lyrical motif

The mood is the mental predisposition of the lyrical speaker. For its part, the lyrical motif is the situation, idea or event (the theme) that leads you to experience that state of mind.

In this way, it can be affirmed that one is a consequence of the other. However, the characteristics of one do not always reflect the characteristics of the other.

For example, a poem may convey the lyrical speaker’s feelings of satisfaction for an unfortunate situation (he may think of it as just payment for actions committed).

In this case, the mood (the author’s feelings) and the lyrical motive (the theme that inspires his emotional state) are of a different nature.

To illustrate this point, you can see the example of the poem «The twelve grapes of time». Despite the fact that the lyrical motif is the end of the year celebration, the mood does not correspond to the festive occasion.

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