7 junio, 2024

Technical terms: what they are and examples

What are technicalities?

The technicalities They are words that denote a specific meaning in the discipline where they are applied. They are part of the different branches of knowledge and science.

They allude to objects, procedures, concrete concepts that belong to a certain profession. In this sense, they are monosemic terms, that is, they have a single meaning and do not admit synonyms, avoid ambiguity and help translations.

Technical terms are used in those scenarios where the receivers understand what they mean, and there will be no confusion. For this reason, it is common to find them in magazines and specialized publications, aimed at an expert and knowledgeable public.

Examples of technical terms grouped according to the area of ​​knowledge

on social media

Profile: web page where the personal life, tastes and friendships of a person are detailed.

User generated content: content generated by users and not by companies or organizations.

Inbox: is a message sent privately.

organic: used in social networks to indicate the most personal data within the profile.

Economy

Bag: Entity that offers services so that clients can invest in buying and selling shares, properties, etc.

Rate: relation or percentage established between two magnitudes.

Broker: is the financial intermediary, which can be either a bank or a savings bank or an investment company.

crash: It is a collapse in the stock market and indicates that something disastrous has happened in the economy.

Medicine

Surgery: branch of medicine dedicated to the cure of diseases or modifications to human tissues through surgical interventions.

Mania: compulsive symptoms that some people suffer from.

Pathology: disease.

NSAIDs: Non-steroidal analgesics.

Aphaeresis: is the technique that allows to separate and classify the different components of the blood.

Antigen: is a foreign substance to the body that stimulates the production of antibodies.

Right

fraud: crimes that are premeditated are defined in this way, that is, when the offender planned his action.

guilty: crime committed without intent.

Litigation: confrontation between two parties in a trial.

Incest: sexual relations between relatives in the first degree of consanguinity (fathers, mothers, brothers).

Appeal: It is the appeal that is filed before a superior judge to challenge a resolution of a lower judge. Usually, it is done against a final sentence and that is considered unfair or inappropriate.

dation: is the act of giving.

Marketing

target: when advertisers define a very specific sector of the population as the objective of their marketing.

Market niche: It is the market segment that has deficiencies in terms of its product needs.

Square: physical space where it is planned to sell, distribute, promote or market a product or service.

Sampling: action that consists of taking part of a segment of the public to evaluate their opinion regarding a service or product.

email marketing: marketing a product or service by sending emails.

telemarketing: marketing through calls to potential customers, promoting the benefits of a product or service.

Analytics: are data measurements of a website that help identify user behavior, how many people visit it, ages, etc., and allow marketing strategies to be drawn up.

buyer persona: It is the profile of the ideal client, based on real data, provided by the analytics. Knowing the buyer persona, web content is more direct.

Computing

Software: intangible part of computers that performs practical and repetitive tasks.

Hardware: is the «iron» or physical part of computers.

Spyware: hidden and intrusive software that spies on user behavior, especially in terms of web browsing.

Web: electronic documents that are accessed through the Internet from a given address.

Traffic: number of users who access a web page.

PPI: pixels per inch or pixels per inch. Density of a screen or print, with which the quality of the image increases.

Framework: set of programs and components used in software development.

Text editor: software used for proofreading and editing of plain text.

Database: amount of electronic information stored. Normally, it is used in data servers, historical records, list of people, etc.

Architecture: way in which the various equipment that make up a computer network are arranged and interconnected.

Virtual machine: software that simulates one operating system within another.

VPN, Virtual Private Network: Allows you to use the Internet as if you had a private network instead of a public one, thus increasing security.

Download/Upload: Terminology used when software is downloaded to a computer, or when its program is read by copying it to a PC to be edited and examined.

router: Equipment used to route equipment to the Internet.

Site Map: in web pages, scheme or architecture of a page to help the user in his navigation.

Administration

Staff: It is the work team that within an organization is dedicated to a specific activity.

Recruitment: choose part of the staff for a specific activity.

Selection: choose among the people recruited those most suitable for an organization.

secondment: is the act of assigning an employee a position or an administrative unit.

Workload: is the average volume of work that a person must develop in a given administrative unit.

mobile telephony

Application: software used in mobile phones.

Hybrid APP: They are cross-platform applications that work thanks to the fact that they have a part of native applications and a web part.

Near field communication (NFC): communication technology for exchanging files or pairing equipment, at close range.

SDK (Software Development Kit): set of applications dedicated to developing software.

webapp: web page that works as an application.

Android: is the operating system developed for mobile phones, run by a consortium of technology companies with Google at the helm. This operating system is the one that mobile phones of all brands have, except the iPhone, from Apple.

iOS: It is the operating system created solely for Apple mobiles, and they can be run on devices such as iPhone, iPad or iPadTouch.

Automation/ Instrumentation

HMI, Human-machine interface: equipment that serves as an intermediary between the operator and the control system, usually a panel or display.

EFC, Final Control Element: in a control system, it is the element that acts to intervene in the physical variable.

PLC: Programmable Logic controller. Industrial computer dedicated to process control and data acquisition.

SCADA, Control System and Data Acquisition: software and hardware dedicated to PLC monitoring and control, storage and presentation of data to the operator.

MCC, Motor Control Center: area where electrical energy is distributed to the different electrical equipment of an industrial plant.

RPA, Robotic Process Automation: It is a virtual assistant that complements a work team and is in charge of repetitive and routine tasks, such as database downloads.

Interface: is the circuit through which communication between two hardware elements is made possible.

oil and gas

gas lift: injection of gas into an oil well to increase the pressure and make it come out more easily.

Deposit: Subsoil area where gas or oil exists in significant quantities.

To the: in a natural flow well, one of the pipes that goes down to the reservoir.

natural flow: well that flows without mechanical assistance.

Raw: Said of unrefined oil.

Refinement: oil cooking process to break molecules and obtain lighter products.

Cracking or fracturing: It is applied to the breaking of high-density petroleum molecules to obtain lighter products.

aromatics: are hydrocarbons characterized by a pleasant aroma and because they have a uniform carbon ring structure. Commercial hydrocarbons are benzene, toluene and xylene, and are often known by their acronym BTX.

Barrel: is the standard measurement used in the oil industry to indicate the amount of crude oil. It is equal to 42 US gallons.

References

99 Terms You Need To Know When You’re New To Tech. Retrieved from skillcrush.com.
The AZ of technology terms. Retrieved from ourcommunity.com.au.

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