7 junio, 2024

Technical knowledge: characteristics and examples

He technical knowledge It refers to that set of practical and instrumental skills that allow the transformation of scientific knowledge into actions that allow solving certain needs.

This type of knowledge can be transmitted from one generation to another through the use of the oral or written word, and it is developed in people through study, repetition and practice. It is generally acquired through the modeling of people with technical proficiency.

In general, in the development of technical knowledge, instruments and tools are usually involved that allow the activities to be carried out. These will depend on the area in which you want to carry out the task.

There is a wide gap within the fields of technical knowledge: this ranges from the manufacture of a glass to the development of the latest microchip for supercomputers. Technical knowledge opens up a wide possibility of creation for human beings.

Today, technical knowledge is a very present notion in the field of personnel selection. In fact, it is a section that is included in the applicant’s profile and that determines a person’s competencies to qualify for certain positions.


Scientific knowledge and technical knowledge

Scientific knowledge establishes the principles, laws and theory that allow us to explain any natural phenomenon, allowing their control and emulation and facilitating the bases that support the development of any technology.

However, it does not allow by itself to generate tangible and practical solutions to the needs and problems of humanity, since despite providing the explanation and the necessary bases, it does not provide us with the «know-how» necessary to bring these theoretical notions to life. the practice.

It is then when the use of practical methods based on scientific knowledge and human skills closes this gap, allowing these theoretical notions to be put into practice. From this, tangible solutions are generated to certain needs.


– Technical knowledge starts from a theoretical base that determines the foundations of the practice to be carried out.

– It is based on an instrumentalization of scientific knowledge.

– It is not responsible for determining theories, postulates or hypotheses.

– Its results are tangible, without ethereal representations.

– It is developed through experience and constant application.

– Represents the “know-how” of certain areas of knowledge.

– It does not require the scientific method for its development.

– Does not accept dualities. Only one result is allowed, without needing interpretations.

– It is carried out by using a specific methodology and may vary depending on the person carrying out the activity.

Technical knowledge can be present in different disciplines of science and change from one area of ​​knowledge to another.

The variation will be determined by those actions or processes that must be carried out to achieve the transformation of theoretical knowledge into a certain product of a specific field of work.



In engineering, technical knowledge is linked to the use of equipment and instruments that can generate tangible products through procedures based on principles and laws of science (mathematics, physics or chemistry).


Within laboratories, a worker or scientist must have technical knowledge about the use, maintenance or calibration of certain equipment, in addition to theoretical and practical knowledge for writing technical reports.

automotive sector

In the automotive sector, a mechanic must have the necessary technical knowledge to use tools that allow him to modify, improve or fix any type of problem that each vehicle presents.


A developer of software You need to be able to use programs and tools that help you create applications, programs, web pages, platforms or digital media.

Financial sector

In the case of professionals who work in the finance sector or are business analysts, they must have the necessary technical knowledge to use process management programs and tools, UML diagrams, and other tools.

Other trades

Despite the fact that technical knowledge is based on a series of theoretical knowledge, there are trades or professions that require greater technical development in order to carry out their processes and provide a product.

Such is the case of the goldsmithing, shoemaking, carpentry, painting, sewing, bakery, cooking and hairdressing sectors, among others.

IT area (information technology)

Today, the technical knowledge with the greatest demand are those related to the field of computing and information technology.

Most of the processes are being automated and adapted for development through programs and digital platforms. Within said technical knowledge we can find the following:

– Development of web or mobile applications.

– Management of programming languages.

– Web-page design.

– Management of office programs (Microsoft Office).

– CAD/CAE design programs.

– Simulation programs (solids, fluids, chemical processes, etc.).

– Manufacturing programs.

– 3D printing programs.

– Database programs (DB2, SQL, Hadoop, Oracle).

– Digital security.

– Programs for administration and accounting.

– Graphic design programs (Photoshop, Illustrator, Sketchup).

– Database management.

– Database design.

– Technical skills for statistical analysis.

– Management of social networks (community manager).

– Management of different languages ​​as a communication tool.

big data

Currently, the management of technical knowledge in the field of big data It is a fundamental requirement for any professional.

There are more and more companies and industry sectors that carry out their business dynamics with emphasis on the analysis of external information, whether it is data about customers, about the acceptance of the product or about the product of the competition, among others.

Therefore, the development of technical knowledge of tools and programs that facilitate the collection, classification, organization and interpretation of said information has experienced a boom given the great demand by most professionals in different areas.

Themes of interest

Types of knowledge.

subjective knowledge.

Objective knowledge.

common knowledge.

rational knowledge.

intuitive knowledge.

Direct knowledge.

Intellectual knowledge.

Empirical knowledge.


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Spacey, John, “51 examples of technical skills” (2018). In Simplified. Retrieved on August 8, 2019 in Simplicable: simplicable.com
Guzella, Alvaro, «The importance of technical knowledge to obtain results» (2016) In falconi. Retrieved on August 8, 2019 in falconi: falconi.com
Valchev, Marin, “Technical Skills List, Definition & Examples” Retrieved on August 8, 2019 at businessphrases.net.
Huerta, Jesús, “Practical knowledge and scientific knowledge” In Jesús Huerta de Soto. Retrieved on August 8, 2019 in Jesús Huerta de Soto: jesushuertadesoto.com
Schmitz, Michael, “Practical Knowledge” (2013) In Miguel Hoeltje, Thomas Spitzley, and Wolfgang Spohn (Eds.), What Should We Believe? What can we do?, Contributions of the PAC section. 8., 392-403.
OBS Business School, «Present and Professional Future: Technical Knowledge and Soft Skills» At OBS Business School. Retrieved on August 8, 2019 at OBS Business School: obs-edu.com

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