7 junio, 2024

Subjectivemas: what they are, characteristics and examples

What are the subjectivemas?

The subjectivemas They are a series of linguistic units that the sender uses to explicitly assume his opinion on a subject in the text. They have a value charge for him. The process of choosing these language components is not random, but responds to the production context to which the issuer has been subjected.

Despite the fact that no word is one hundred percent objective, there is a compendium of these that suppose a greater degree of emotionality and appreciation on the part of the enunciator.

Among the resources or linguistic structures that can function as subjectivemas are verbs, adjectives and nouns. When verbs are used to fulfill a subjective function, they can be classified as axiological or sentimental.

Subjective verbs of an axiological nature manifest in their use an evaluation by the issuer of a dichotomous type, that is, dual and opposite to each other. The common thing would be a good or bad evaluation. When verbs fulfill a feeling function, they are mostly affective and axiological at the same time.

On the other hand, the substantive and adjective subjectivemas can be presented in an affective or evaluative way. The first implies a link and an emotional reaction from the issuer, while the second would mean an assessment around an object or person, also with a dichotomous charge that takes it to two opposite extremes.

Characteristics of the subjectivemas

They are a discursive imprint of the issuer

No one communicates in the same way, using the same linguistic resources, or structuring their premises in the same way. There is something particular in the use of subjectivemas, which reveals properties of the sender’s personality like no other linguistic resource.

This is because the feelings and evaluative judgments of the enunciator are evident, what he suffers from, how he sees life and the things that happen to him without filters.

It is possible, then, through the charge of the «I» manifested in the speeches of any enunciator to make a judgment and a categorization regarding the type of personality that he possesses.

There are those who have come to determine, in a very simple way, the degree of preparation, fixations, and even —if any— the presence of harmful behavioral patterns.

Certainly, the subjectivemas not only expose the thought and ideas of the subject, but also more intrinsic aspects of the human psyche.

They allow to modalize the speeches

When speaking of «modalize» reference is made to the adjustment that is applied to the speech so that it adapts to the intentions of the enunciator.

An important part of the subjectivemas is not only to show the elements that define the personality of the sender, but also to allow him to make speech a communicative weapon that expresses everything that is meant in the most exact way possible, adjusted to his demonstrative requirements.

Modalizers come in two groups: those that alter the enunciation and those that alter the statement. The former show the degree of rapport that exists between the sender and his speech, while the second show the way in which the sender evaluates the contents of the speech.

Several means can be applied to carry out modalization in statements:

Verbs in their modes: imperative, subjunctive or indicative.
Verbs that show evaluation: estimate, believe, criticize.
The adverbs that serve as reinforcers when modalizing: unfortunately, fortunately, happily, among others.

The modalizers of the statements can be presented directly or indirectly within the discourse. Two clear examples would be: «Go to your house», here a direct statement is evident; and “Could it be that you are going to your house?”, in this particular statement, it is implicitly indicated that they must carry out the action.

They allow you to see different perspectives of the world

One of the most significant characteristics of the subjectivemas in the speeches is that they allow to appreciate the vision of each subject regarding events, objects or people.

This “pluri-appreciation”, if it can be called that, offers readers a panorama rich in considerations and assessments regarding a specific topic, facilitating the conception of their own concepts —based on those of others— that are in harmony with their perspectives.

What can be called a «multivision» provides a broad criteria to those who observe it, contributing, to a certain degree, to a schematization of group behaviors and tendencies. A clear example of this is represented by social networks, which contain a huge load of subjectivities.

There are statistical and marketing companies dedicated to the study of each discourse in the networks regarding various topics. Their purpose is to make the most of the evaluative judgments of each subject, determine the tastes of the masses and transform that final information into money through the sale of the most appreciated products.

They support argumentative and conversational texts

Due to the high subjective load that this type of textual plots have, it is common for them to be crammed with subjectivemas in order to express value judgments and feelings.

The authors, in argumentative texts, use them extensively to support their criteria, demonstrate and defend their points of view, thus persuading the recipients of their ideas.

For their part, the creators of conversational texts use them to give the necessary nuances to the interlocutions that they capture in their dialogues, to make them as reliable as possible, as adjusted to the contextual reality to which they belong.

Examples of Subjectivemas

– Josefina deeply loves her father, I know it from the way she looks at him, her eyes shine beautifully, and her face becomes smooth and soft.

– Nothing will be achieved if we continue like this, we need to do something, make real, good changes in social structures. I fear that if we don’t, the disastrous debacle will come.

– The Spanish speaker is a model citizen, extremely kind, respects the rules, is studious and has a marked tendency to learn his mother tongue. All of us who love our linguistic roots are destined for excellence.

– I don’t know what you are waiting for to leave! I am extremely exhausted. Fortunately, in a couple of hours I will be able to rest, however, I would be very pleased if you left now.

References

Chavez, LE (1971). Deictic, subjectivemas or subjective expressions and modalizers. Colombia: Polyphony. Retrieved from: sites.google.com
Lux, A. (2008). The point of view in language: subjectivemas. (n/a): Reading the media. Retrieved from: readingdelosmedios.blogspot.com
Subjectivemas. (2010). Argentina: Blogger. Retrieved from: oscarprofeuniversidad.blogspot.com
Cabrelli, A. (2008). Subjectivity in language. (n/a): Blogger. Retrieved from: analisisdeldiscursocomunicacion.blogspot.com
Álvarez, FM (S. f.). Enunciation, argumentation and subjective themes in the reformulation of the academic discourse of students entering the university. (n/a): Diffusions. Retrieved from: revistadifusiones.net

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