8 junio, 2024

Subareas of physical education

The subareas of physical education They are physical fitness, sports and recreation. Physical education is part of the school curriculum in many parts of the world. It is essential to educate young people to take care of their physical health, to learn to perform physical activities and to practice the most common sports.

Physical education can be defined as a part of the educational experience that provides students with the opportunity to become aware of physical activities and their effect on the human body and health.

In addition, it allows them to participate in these activities, demonstrating their intrinsic value and meaning within the social and environmental context of the students.

Through physical education, participants can engage in physical activities designed to develop and improve physical fitness, gross motor skills, and overall health.

Main sub-areas of physical education

Physical aptitude

It is the ability to meet daily power demands and still have enough power to respond to unplanned events. This ability includes five basic components:

Cardio-respiratory resistance: is the body’s ability to supply oxygen and other nutrients to tissue and to eliminate waste products over a sustained period of time.
Muscular strength: is defined as the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to develop maximum contractile force against resistance in a single contraction.
muscle endurance: It is defined as the ability of a muscle or muscle group to exert a given force for prolonged periods.
Flexibility: Refers to the ability to move joints through a range of motion.
body composition: refers to the proportion of fat, bone, water and muscle content in the body.

Now, improving these components requires certain motor skills. Therefore, in physical education programs usually includes the development of aspects such as agility, balance, coordination, power, speed and reaction time.


Sport is another of the sub-areas of physical education. The word sport has its origins in the idea of ​​carrying out an activity to distract oneself from the pressures and rigors of everyday life.

Its concept implies all physical activity that contributes to physical fitness, mental well-being and social interaction. This includes norms or rules and, in many cases, competition.

In the school context, there are many benefits for both students and educational systems of practicing sports.

It has been shown to have the potential to significantly contribute to a number of domains: physical, lifestyle, affective, social, and cognitive.

If carried out appropriately, sports programs can support the development of social skills and behaviours, self-esteem and positive attitudes towards school, and, in certain circumstances, academic and cognitive development.


Recreation is more organized than simple play, and generally involves leisure activities that require active physical participation.

As one of the sub-areas of physical education, its objective is to achieve the development of the integral health of people.

This includes balancing the different levels: physical, emotional, mental, spiritual and social. Through recreation, pedagogical, sociological and psychological values ​​can be promoted.


Educating the student body: Taking physical activity and physical education to school. Retrieved from ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.
Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (n/d). The Nature of Physical Education. Retrieved from ed.gov.nl.ca.

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