7 junio, 2024

Structural reading: what it is, characteristics, examples

What is structural reading?

The structural reading It consists of reading a text and achieving its understanding through a detailed analysis that allows a logical and coherent understanding of the message. This type of reading is also known as analytical, since the receiver must delve into all aspects of the information.

The main objective of structural reading is to recognize the relationship between the title and the content of the text. At the same time identify the main ideas and know the type of book or informative material that is read. This variety of reading links the reader or public with each of the parts of a book.

On the other hand, the structural reading also seeks to relate or compare the information presented by the author with other similar ones. In the same way, by using this comprehension and analysis technique, the reader can associate the message and other elements of the text with some event, problem or situation of a certain community.

Characteristics of structural reading

According to what was previously described, the structural reading is characterized by the following aspects:

Text Type Identification

Structural reading makes it easier to know the qualities of the text, whether it is argumentative, narrative or expository. To reach this point, a first thorough reading is necessary. With this information it is much easier to advance in the understanding of the work.


Another of the most outstanding features of structural reading is that it allows the comprehension of the entire text. Having already deciphered the type of text that is being studied, we proceed to analyze each element that is in view, as well as the background of the message that the author wishes to give.

This leads the reader to know first-hand the motivations that the author of the book had to raise the specific topic. This facilitates the understanding of the material and at the same time its influence and avoids falling into assumptions lacking arguments and analysis.

Achieving the understanding of a text through structural reading leads to the appreciation of the macrostructure. This means that you get to understand each of the parts that make up the work and their relationship between them.

message identification

The structural or analytical reading seeks to identify the message that the author sought to capture in his work. From there starts the study of all elements of information.

All literary creation has a why and for what, pursues a communication purpose. That is why the book or text must be studied as a whole because the central idea can be embodied in any of the phases that make it up.

After the message that the writer wanted to leave is identified, the content of the book is really exposed.

Check the complement or opposition of the elements of the text

After identifying the type of text and the various elements that coexist within its macrostructure and its message, it is necessary to see what relationship they have with each other, if they complement or oppose each other. Within the structural reading, this allows us to have a broader vision of what the author sought to convey in the beginning.


In carrying out the structural reading, it is essential to make notes in order to identify the main and secondary ideas. This facilitates the logical and coherent analysis of all the information presented by the author of the book.

However, the taking of notes and the development of schemes must be based on all the parts that make up the reading material. Hence, the reader must stop and carefully study the prologue, the title, subtitles, introduction, development, annexes and conclusions made by the author.


Structural reading requires the constant approach to the text. This means that the information must be read several times to identify all the aspects necessary for its understanding.

At first the reader approaches to detect the most basic data. Then the material is read and reviewed in greater detail.

In this phase, the author’s intention is deepened, the message he wants to give, the content, the relationship of the subject with previous research and the social implications that the development of the work may have.


A good structural reading implies that the underlining of the information that is considered to be of greater importance is carried out. This allows us to differentiate what is really necessary for the understanding of the underlying message, from what is superficial.

Examples of structural reading

Structural reading of the Little Red Hood by Chasles Perrault

Everyone knows the story of the Little Red Hood, and among the most popular versions that of Charles Perrault stands out. Below is the simulation of a brief analysis product of a structural reading:

Kind of text

Applying the characteristics of structural reading, we proceed to identify the type of text. For obvious reasons, it is a narrative text.


In this case it implies the recognition of the context and the characters that participate. The forest as the place where the events take place, the Little Red Riding Hood, the grandmother, the wolf and the hunter as the main figures and the entire plot that interweaves their interactions.

message identification

Although there is a clear message to children not to talk to strangers or trust them, deep down there are several others. Perhaps one of the most significant and that many leave aside is the role of Little Red Riding Hood’s mother.

Who sends a little girl alone into a forest? It seems incredible, but there is evidence of a reality that is very current today and also present in the time of Perrault. The neglect of the parents in the upbringing and of their children is a very marked criticism present in this story.

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