7 junio, 2024

Speech circuit: what it is, process, components and examples

What is the speech circuit?

He speech circuit It is the communication scheme that is used in all human interactions on a daily basis, either through spoken or gestural language. This circuit is what facilitates the transmission of information from the sender to the receiver through language and signs.

In order for effective communication to be established, it is essential that all the components of the circuit are properly established, otherwise, a clear understanding of the message will not be possible, and therefore, a coherent response will not be obtained.

The elements that make up the speech circuit are rooted in language functions, which are characterized by being individual, dynamic, and changing. The components of speech are known as speaker (sender), listener (receiver), message, medium, and channel.

Language is one of the most important codes in the speech circuit, since it plays a fundamental role for the speaker to have a written or spoken expression support for the transmission of ideas.

For an appropriate communication process to take place, it is necessary for the sender and the receiver to know and use the same code, in this way the encoding and decoding of the message occurs and thus its content is interpreted.

That is, the two interlocutors must speak the same language or language, for example, the sign language that is based on gestures.


Communication process

The speech circuit is established when a speaker emits a coded message to express some information, and this is received by one or several senders.

Codification refers to the fact that the sender must use associations established in a certain language to build a message, where each element makes up the code.

The feedback process occurs when the receiver interprets the codification of the message made up of linguistic signs, that is, words, which, when understood, allow a response that closes the circuit.

When the circuit is closed, a new one immediately begins when the roles are exchanged: the receiver becomes the sender and the sender becomes the receiver, and vice versa. During the interaction, ideas, emotions, opinions, feelings, among other things, are expressed.

Components/elements of the speech circuit

The purpose of the speech circuit is nothing more than to achieve effective communication. And for this to be adequate, the elements that will make it possible to communicate a precise message among the participants must be present.

The circuit must aim at harmony, understanding and a clear comprehension of what is being said.

The efficiency of the speech circuit depends on the correct handling of each component, if any of them are missing or behave unexpectedly, the communication purpose can be lost. Therefore, each element in communication must fulfill its function.

speaker or sender

It is the person who speaks and elaborates a message to create a communication bridge with another person in particular, with the intention of getting a message across. The speaker or receiver is responsible for checking the proper channel and handling the code to express their ideas.

It is important that the message is constructed in a coherent way and applying the rules of a good speaker, such as being precise and thinking carefully about what is to be said, looking at the recipient carefully, using an appropriate tone of voice and articulating clearly.

listener or receiver

It is the subject that receives the message, the final recipient. Its function is to listen or read to interpret what is broadcast and give an answer according to what has been communicated.

It is also responsible for indicating whether the code used by the speaker is appropriate for the development of communication.

At the same time, you must show the sender that the channel is free and open so that there is no noise or interference in the transmission.

It is your responsibility to apply the rules of a good listener, which are to listen carefully, look at the speaker, not interrupt the speaker and speak when the other has finished his presentation.


It is the content of what is being said, the set of ideas that the speaker seeks to convey through a particular communication channel.

They can be concepts, news, requests, desires, opinions, emotions, situations, among others, so that the listener reacts to them and gives an answer about something specific.

The message is the fundamental pillar for exchanging information and is the object of communication, which is carried out through speech, writing or audiovisual elements.


It is the language with which the sender and receiver communicate to build a message. Both parties must use the same code for the exchange of information to be possible.

The code is made up of linguistic, graphic, mimic or pictographic symbols with which the message is encoded.


It is the medium through which the information signals contained in a message travel. The channels can be personal, between two or more individuals, or massive, such as radio, television, computer or written press broadcasts.

For example, in face-to-face communication, the medium is the air, but if a communication is established via telephone, it can be said that the medium is the telephone.

On the other hand, if it is a communication through instant messaging, the medium would be the device used for the transmission, and if it is written, for example, through letters, the medium would be paper.

Examples where the speech circuit is closed

When the speech circuit is closed, it means that the message is properly emitted and received, establishing effective communication.

SENDER: Hello everyone, tomorrow you should bring the work I sent last week (MESSAGE) / RECEIVER: Okay, teacher, tomorrow we will bring the work. TRANSMITTER: Can you pass me the salt, please? (MESSAGE) / RECEIVER: Sure, here it is. SENDER: I want the smoked salmon and steamed vegetables (MESSAGE) / RECEIVER: Very good, do you want anything else? Something to drink?


Mize, J. Getting Your Way onto the Speaking Circuit. Retrieved from inc.com.
The speech circuit and its components. Recovered from gramática.celeberrima.com.
The speech circuit (2016). Recovered from educacion.elpensante.com.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *