8 junio, 2024

Research Method Outline: Elaboration and Examples

He research method outline It is the way in which the objectives of an investigation are proposed. The writing of the ideas allows to elaborate a draft of work; Ideally, the researcher’s sketch should be as complete as possible, so that it is easier to develop the investigative process.

The researcher usually starts from a general idea when analyzing a topic of interest, but without being very clear about the key points to be investigated. At this stage it is very important that the researcher write his reflections, that he record the progress that arises around the topic, in order to achieve a sketch.

The preparation of a project goes through several stages. The investigation is not written in a single moment, but rather requires several approximations and revisions in which the investigator completes and refines the information obtained. However, when writing the project, ideas are required to be organized.

This step requires reading, as well as carrying out informal observations and dialogues with specialists in the area to be investigated. The outline of the ideas allows to register, organize, relate and outline the investigation.

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Preparation of the research sketch

This aspect tries to describe what is planned to be used and explain the research topic. Said topic can deal with concepts that have already been investigated or with novel notions or future projections.

topic delimitation

The subject begins to be delimited from the moment in which the research questions begin to be formulated.

Without the delimitations, the necessary criteria would not exist to review documentary background or to know if it is necessary to carry out interviews, surveys or any other type of investigative resource, which must be adapted to the nature of the investigation.

When the central theme and the questions are not well defined, it is much more difficult to organize the general concept, the theoretical bases and its objectives.

Therefore, the first step in carrying out an investigation is to determine what you want to investigate and how it will be done. Without answering a series of key questions, it is questionable whether the investigation will have meaning and a logical and defined orientation.

Basic questions at the beginning of an investigation

Some questions that can be asked at the beginning of an investigation are the following:

– “What?”, suggests the type of research to be carried out and allows visualizing the topic to be dealt with.

– “Who?” indicates which individuals or groups are to be investigated.

– “About?” Refers to the general topic that will be studied in the research process. He talks about the title of the research, the concepts and the theories.

– “Why?”, corresponds to the justification, which implies arguing and reasoning the content to be evaluated.

– “What for?”, it is about identifying the main objective, what you want to achieve with the research.

– “How?”, includes the methods to be treated, and the strategies and techniques that will be used during the investigation.

– “When?” represents the stipulated time for the development of the entire investigative process.

– “Where?” has to do with the geographical scope, the physical spaces available to carry out the research.

– “With what?” Refers to the resources or materials needed to carry out the investigation.

– “How much?”, constitutes the cost, the search for budgets and resources for the investigation.

Information gathering

This step allows the researcher to become familiar with the topic, acquire knowledge, have a broader vision and create criteria to make possible decisions in the course of the investigation. This information can be obtained through a deep reading of referential authors.

Through the outline, the researcher must review and organize the information obtained and identify the most important aspects that are focused on the topic.

The investigative process is similar to a spiral. This means that each turn symbolizes an achievement in the investigation. The research process begins with exploration and observation, which leads the researcher to ask various questions.

How to Organize Outline Information

The first thing is to have collected all the information through a review of books, degree projects, research reports, popular articles, scientific journals, press, among others.

Then the relevant material must be selected and priority given to original sources, carefully reviewing the entire material and excluding statements that do not have the support of an author.

This is so because the data from the sources that support the research must appear in the bibliographical references; These sources reaffirm the theoretical bases.

The next thing is to carefully review the methodological process that must be used to apply the instruments and the theoretical bases. In addition to including recent information, it is also valid to add classic authors, in the case of theories.

Records

One of the tools used by researchers is token storage. This format allows easy handling and locating of information; each idea must be registered with the last name of the author and the year.

Example

Strauss and Corbin, 2012. “By talking about qualitative analysis, we mean, not the quantification of qualitative data, but the non-mathematical process of interpretation, carried out with the purpose of discovering concepts and relationships in the raw data and then organizing them into a theoretical explanatory scheme” (p.12).

conceptual scheme

It consists of a system of concepts that, grouped and organized according to universal statutes, allow approaches to specific objects of study.

The conceptual scheme has the particularity of being represented visually —either with drawings, charts or symbols— and finally develops a general concept that is easy to understand.

In the conceptual scheme of any investigation, the basic elements that compose it are organized to guide the entire development and exposition of the topic.

Example

Television

1.1. television definition

1.2. children’s programming

2. Children’s television in Spain

2.1. Characteristics

2.2. educational television

Finally, the research outline must be reviewed, corrected and supported by the previous phases to ensure its perfect logical and argumentative order, and thus write the final ideas based on a traditional research format.

References

Research Methods. Source: faculty.webster.edu
Eric McConnell. Project Management Methodology: Definition, Types, Examples. (2010). Source: mymanagementguide.com
Designing the research. Source: www.nfer.ac.uk
Writing Methodology. Source: explorable.com
Definition of Research. Source: explorable.com

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