9 junio, 2024

Renaissance Poems by Featured Authors

Some of the Renaissance poems best known are the epic of orlando furious by the Italian Ludovico Ariosto, the sonnets of the French poets of La Pléiade, the ode retired life of the Spanish fray Luis de León or The World is a Stage by William Shakespeare.

The Renaissance was a social, political and intellectual movement that transformed the values ​​and visions of the world after the obscurantism and decadence of the Middle Ages. It is located between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries.

After overcoming the era in which every aspect and expression of society revolved around the feudal figure and the figure of the church, the change was directed towards the rediscovery of the virtuous, compassionate, honorable human being and as the center of life. .

All of this contradicted centuries of medieval obscurantism where Roman Catholicism regarded man as a sinful being, who should seek God’s redemption solely and exclusively through the church.

Intellectuals in cities like Florence began to emulate the great philosophers and artists of the pre-Christian classical era, and new and revolutionary artistic expressions emerged from the experiment.

For literature, the invention of the printing press at the same time definitely encouraged writers, playwrights, and poets to write with the assurance that their works would be reproduced in large numbers and in less time, and within the reach of more people.

The following poems are grouped into some authors from the four most influential countries of the European Renaissance.

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Renaissance poems from Italy

The Divine Comedy. Dante Alighieri

It was an extensive work written in poetry. The description of hell, purgatory and paradise are the best examples of the medieval religious trend that was still in place at the beginning of the 14th century.

However, it is said that it was the first literary indication of a change in focus, since the motivations and actions of the characters showed deep and reflective human dimensions never before illustrated.

Some consider it the literary work of transition between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The weight of human values ​​in the work had a great impact at the time, as well as the themes and concepts related to Christianity.

Song book. Francesco Petrarca

Lyrical work that contains a collection of 366 poems centered on the idealized love for a lady named Laura. They were composed in the 14th century and published in 1470.

This poet, who was also a renowned philosopher, is considered the father of humanism; and he was the first to coin the term «Dark Ages» to describe the time that we know today as the Middle Ages or Middle Ages.

The form of the texts of the Songbook is the sonnet. The structure known as the «Petrarch sonnet» owes its name to him thanks to the fame that this author gave him with his poems.

furious orlando. Ludovico Ariosto

It is an extensive epic or epic poem considered a successor to the typical chivalry stories of the Middle Ages, but with the indisputable humanist tone and approach of the Renaissance. It was published at the beginning of the 16th century.

It has 46 songs composed in octaves and describes the conflicts between Christians and Muslims of the Carolingian cycle.

The main character, Orlando, is the same protagonist of the epic poem «El Cantar de Roldán» from the 11th century.

Sonnet to Laura. Francesco Petrarca

To a young woman under a green laurel

Love cried, and I moaned with him…

Blessed be the year, the point, the day…

The one that his infinite art and providence…

On Laura’s death

It was the day when the sun turned pale…

Those who loose in my rhymes…

My crazy desire is so lost…

My fortunes are slowly approaching…

I have no peace nor can I make war…

Because a beautiful in me wanted to take revenge…

If I try to call you with sighs…

If fire with fire does not perish…

Who saw such a fortune, when of one. Francesco Petrarca

Who saw such a fortune, when from one

of the pair of eyes that I augur more beautiful,

seeing him in bad and dark pain,

light came that made mine sick and bruno!

Returning to undo the fast like this

to see the one that I look for here alone,

Heaven and Love was less hard for me today,

for more than all I count and gather;

Well, with a right eye (or better said sun)

of her found in my right-hand hospice

the evil that delights me and does not ulcerate me;

that, as if it had wings and judgment,

almost comet was from the high sphere;

and the Mercy to arrive gave him an indication.

who saw such a fortune when of one!

Furious Orlando (fragment). Francesco Petrarca

The ladies, heroes, weapons, decorum,

Love, bold deeds now I sing

from the time when the Moor left Africa

crossing the sea, and France plunged into tears,

following the youthful fury in chorus

of Agramante their king, how swollen, and how much,

he wanted to avenge the death of Trojan

in Charlemagne, Roman emperor.

I will also say Orlando Paladino

thing never said in prose or rhyme,

because crazy and in fury of love became

man who before enjoyed by wise esteem;

yes, the kind that brings me almost to such a point

that the little ingenuity flush to flush files me,

clean and clear verse is granted to me

that it is enough for me to fulfill what I promise today.

Renaissance poems from France

Sonnets for Helen. Pierre de Ronsard

It is a Petrarchan songbook of very elegant lyrical poems dedicated to Helena de Surgére. He was easily made known by the author’s renown as the leader of a group of 7 French poets associated under the Greek name of La Péiade.

This group is considered responsible for the most intellectual, pure and self-conscious introduction of the Renaissance into French literature. The songbook was published in 1574.

The Longings. Joachim du Bellay

It is a compilation of 191 sonnets about nostalgia for the country. Du Bellay composed them while he lived in Rome between 1553 and 1557. It was published in 1558. This poet was also part of La Pléiade.

you chose Louise Labé

They are three poems of lamentation, affliction and sadness that are part of the book collection euvres, along with two prose texts and 24 sonnets by the poet. They were published in 1555.

Renaissance poems from Spain

The renaissance in relation to the arts in Spain is called the Spanish Golden Age.

To Retired Life. Fray Luis de Leon

It is a lyric poem written as an ode to isolation from the world and the simple life. Its structure is of stanzas of 5 verses composed with a very sober and concentrated language.

what a restful life
the one who flees from the madding crowd,
and follow the hidden
path, where have they gone
the few wise men who have been in the world;

That doesn’t cloud your chest
of the arrogant greats the state,
nor the golden ceiling
is admired, manufactured
of the wise Moro, supported in jasper!

No cure if fame
loudly sings his name,
nor cure if it perches
the flattering tongue
what condemns the sincere truth.

What lends to my contentment
if I am of the vain pointed finger;
yes, in search of this wind,
I’m discouraged
with eagerness alive, with deadly care?

Oh mountain, oh source, oh river!
O sure, delightful secret!
The ship almost broke
to your soul I rest
I flee from this stormy sea.

An unbroken dream
I want a pure, happy, free day;
I don’t want to see the frown
vainly stern
of whom blood exalts or money.

wake me up the birds
with his tasty singing not learned;
not serious care
of which is always followed
the one who is attentive to the will of others.

I want to live with me
I want to enjoy the good that I owe to heaven,
alone, without witness,
free of love, of jealousy,
hate, hope, suspicion.

From the mountain on the slope,
planted by my hand I have an orchard,
what with spring
of beautiful flower covered
already shows in hope the certain fruit.

and how greedy
to see and increase its beauty,
from the airy summit
a pure fountain
until he comes running he rushes.

And then calmly
the passage between the twisting trees,
the ground in passing
vegetable wearing
and with various flowers it spreads.

The air of the orchard breathes
and offers a thousand odors to the sense;
the trees wag
with a meek noise
that of gold and of the scepter puts oblivion.

have your treasure
those who trust a false log;
it’s not mine to see the cry
of those who distrust
when the deer and the open stubborn.

the combated antenna
creaks, and in blind night the clear day
it turns, it sounds to heaven
confused voice,
and the sea enrich porfía.

To me a poor thing
table of friendly peace well stocked
enough for me, and the crockery,
of fine gold carved
be from whom the angry sea does not fear.

And while miserable-
Mind the others are hugging
with insatiable thirst
of the dangerous command,
stretched out in the shade I’m singing.

lying in the shade,
of ivy and crowned eternal laurel,
put an attentive ear
to the sweet, agreeable sound,
of the wisely waved plectrum.

Loving soliloquies of a soul to God. Lope de Vega

They are a series of 7 poems with the typical style of the Golden Age; Long lyrical monologues with short verses where a lot of meaning is conveyed with few words.

The themes are riddled with both religious and pagan references. The first 4 were published in 1612, and the compilation of the 7 in 1626. Below are the third, fourth, sixth and seventh soliloquies, which will be read.

THIRD SOLILOQUISE

Meek Lamb offended,

put on a cross for me,

that I sold you a thousand times,

after you were sold.

Give me leave, Lord.

so that, broken in tears,

I can in your holy face

cry tears of love

Is it possible, my life?

that I caused you so much harm,

that I left you, that I forgot you,

since your love knew?

I have stronger pain,

that he will see you dead for me,

knowing that I offended you,

when I heard about your death.

That before I knew it,

It will cause you so much pain

I will find some excuse

but then I couldn’t.

Woe to me, for no reason

I spent the flower of my years,

in the midst of deceit

of that blind hobby!

what of crazy nonsense

they passed through my senses,

as long as they didn’t look at me,

Sun, your divine eyes!

I walked far from you,

heavenly beauty,

far, and full of evil,

like someone who lives without God.

But I have not approached

before now, it would be

see how sure I had you,

because you were stuck.

What if I knew

that you could run away

that I came to follow you,

First I got lost

O unknown pity

of my crazy bewilderment,

where are you dead,

be safe my life!

But what outside of me?

if you had called me

in the midst of my sin

to the court that I offended!

I bless your mercy,

Well, you call me to love you,

as if I had

your love need.

My life, do you to me?

in what you have needed me,

if I owe you my being,

How much am I, and how much was I?

What can I care about you for?

if I am what you know?

what need do you have?

What sky do I have to give you?

What glory do you seek here?

Well, without you, my eternal good,

everything seems like hell

look how you enter me!

But who can match

to your divine love?

as you love, Lord,

which Seraph can love?

I love you, sovereign God,

not as you deserve,

but how much do you know

that fits in human sense.

I find so much to love,

and I am so tender for you,

that if I could be God,

I would give you all my being.

All the soul of you fills

it takes me out of myself, Lord,

let me cry of love,

like other times of sorrow.

FOURTH SOLILOQUISE

From my carelessness, Lord,

they say be careful

Well, if I have given care to God,

How do I not love him?

I…

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