24 junio, 2024

Post-reading: characteristics, what it is for, examples

The post reading It is one of the three phases of the deep reading process, the other two being pre-reading and comprehensive reading. It is a set of processes and tools that are used to check if the person has correctly understood the text they have had to deal with.

Post-reading is generally used in academic contexts, with the intention of making students more aware of their reading comprehension skills. In this way it will be easier for them to improve in this area, realizing what their most important shortcomings are and what problems they usually have.

On the other hand, during post-reading, the aim is to work on the three most important skills to fully understand texts: textual, contextual and critical reading. The first is based on understanding what is explicit in the text, while the other two serve to go a step further, understand what is implicit and form an opinion about what has been read.

In this article we will see what are the main characteristics of post-reading, what it is usually used for, in which contexts it is most useful, and some examples to better understand this process.

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Post-read characteristics

– Work on three reading skills

Post-reading is one of the most effective tools for developing various reading skills, which are essential for people to fully understand the texts they are dealing with. These three skills are textual, contextual and critical reading.

verbatim reading

Textual reading is the ability that allows people to understand what is written directly and find the answer to the most important questions posed by it.

It refers to the ability to understand what is literally expressed in the text. Without the textual reading ability it is impossible to understand what is being read and the other two cannot be developed.

Even so, reading a text just once does not have to be enough to put this skill into practice. Many times it is necessary to reread it and focus on some specific parts of it, especially if we are faced with a particularly complicated piece of writing.

contextual reading

The second skill worked on by post-reading is the one that allows the person to infer information that is not explicitly included in the text. That is, through contextual reading, deductions or data inferences can be made based on the clues that appear in the writing.

During contextual reading it is essential that the person is able to relate their prior knowledge with what they are observing in the text. In addition, it is usually necessary to read it several times or do a good job of pre-reading it.

critical reading

Finally, critical reading is the ability that allows a person to form a personal opinion based on arguments from what they have read. In the case that it is a non-fiction text, it will also allow the individual to decide if they agree with what is stated in it or not.

– It involves reflecting on what has been read

The post-reading process can be carried out in many ways, which will also vary even more depending on the context in which it is being carried out. However, a fundamental characteristic of it and that has to appear on all occasions is the reflection on what has been found in the writing.

This is the main difference between post-reading and the other two parts of the text comprehension process. In the pre-reading the important thing is to carry out an investigation about what is going to be read, and in the reading itself the base is to face the text as such.

On the other hand, although in the post-reading it may be necessary to carry out research and reread the text, the most important thing is that the person uses their previous knowledge and their intelligence to draw conclusions about what they have read.

– It is usually done through structured strategies

Post-reading is a tool that is only used in very specific environments, especially in education and research. This implies that the texts that are analyzed in this way tend to be very complicated, in such a way that the use of specific techniques and strategies is necessary to be able to understand them correctly.

Thus, post-reading often involves activities such as answering questions from an expert, or holding debates or discussions among various people in order to share the ideas extracted from a text.

What is post-reading for?

We have already seen that the main objective of post-reading is to strengthen three of the most basic skills related to reading ability and to help the person understand the text they have been faced with as well as possible. However, this is not the only utility that this tool has.

Reason and understand what is read

On the one hand, the fact of reflecting deeply on what has been read can also be very useful to improve people’s reasoning and logical capacity.

retain information

On the other hand, in addition, carrying out a good post-reading process increases retention and helps to memorize what has been read, so it can be a particularly important tool for students.

Develop critical thinking

On top of all this, post reading can also help people develop greater critical thinking skills and the ability to reflect. In this sense, it is a tool widely used in educational contexts to improve the cognitive abilities of students.

examples

One of the most common examples of post-reading within the educational context is making a text commentary. This activity seeks to confront students with a piece of writing (usually an opinion article or a literary piece) with the aim of studying it in depth and understanding even the aspects of it that are not directly reflected in it.

To achieve this, after carrying out a preliminary investigation about the author and his circumstances and reading the text, students must answer a series of questions about it that go beyond simple reading comprehension.

Thus, they will have to be able to find double meanings, understand present metaphors, and infer everything that the author wanted to convey but did not say directly.

References

“LThe phases, degrees and types (pre-reading, reading and post-reading”in: Oral and Written Communication. Retrieved on: May 19, 2020 from Oral and Written Communication: sites.google.com/site/materiacoe.
«The post-reading» in: Alphabetical Code. Retrieved on: May 19, 2020 from Código Alfabetico: codigoalfabetico.webcindario.com.
«Post-reading activities» in: ABC Color. Retrieved on: May 19, 2020 from ABC Color: abc.com.py.
«Reading process» in: Preparaguía. Retrieved on: May 19, 2020 from Preparaguía: preparaguia.infored.mx.
«Pre-reading, reading and post-reading»in: Monographs. Retrieved on: May 19, 2020 from Monographs: monografias.com.

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