17 junio, 2024

Personal texts: what it is, characteristics, types, examples

We explain what personal texts are, their characteristics and the types that exist. Finally, we give several examples of personal texts.

What are personal texts?

The personal texts They are writings that describe common situations and everyday events that happen to the person who is narrating. They can also talk about past experiences and intimate reflections, desires, desires or focus on telling something related to a trip, an adventure or an anecdote.

This kind of texts reflect the way of thinking who writes them and can account for their emotions, feelings, ideas and projects. For people who decide to write something personal, the exercise is useful, since it gives order to their own ideas and generates reflections based on what is narrated.

Some examples of personal texts are the autobiographies, diaries, travel notebooks, letters, emails or instant messages, agendas, workbooks and class notes. In accordance with the objective sought in each of the writings, a different style is followed and different types of support are used to write.

Characteristics of personal texts

– Its structure varies: each person organizes the ideas that they are going to write down freely, being able to resort to writing in verse or prose and generating different divisions, according to the theme and treatment of it.

– It is a subjective text: contains own reflections that are based on the opinion and interpretation of the writer, reflecting intimate and personal positions, not only in terms of content, but also in the way of expressing themselves.

– They are usually written with informal language: It is common to use expressions and colloquial words, as well as to resort to diminutives or abbreviations.

– The extension is free: there are some that are very short, covering only a few paragraphs or even a single line, while they can also span several pages or even make up an entire book.

– The first person singular is used: It is common to find statements in which the person describes situations referring to himself in the first person: “I went to the park”.

– Use of different textual resources: You can use dialogues, narrations or descriptions, among other resources.

Types of personal texts

Personal texts can be classified according to their content and the objectives they pursue. In this way, we find that there are three main categories of personal texts, from which several types emerge:

1. Historical texts

Historical texts provide us with information about past events and events in which the person who is narrating participated or witnessed. In them there are usually descriptions of figures, peoples, political and social contexts, as well as a list of events linked to a particular period, family or context.

Among the historical texts we find:

autobiographies: texts that portray the life of the person who is writing, describing ideas, emotions, thoughts, as well as those facts that seem relevant to tell, leaving a record of them so that other people can read about what they lived.
Diary: notebook that collects the daily experiences of the person who writes it, in the form of thoughts, desires, anecdotes, plans and projects. It keeps a record of the activities that are done every day, detailing how they impacted the person.
Memory: notes where memories of specific experiences are dumped; they do not necessarily follow a linear narrative and can be written through a free association of ideas that arise in the mind of the writer. It is similar to autobiography, differing from it in that it focuses only on a particular event or experience.
travel notebook: notebook where the experiences lived on a trip are recorded, gathering details of the itinerary, anecdotes and everything that the person who writes it considers relevant to tell about their experiences on the journey they took.

2. Family texts

Family texts are stories that describe everyday situations. They are used to express ideas, doubts, curious events or anecdotes in a close and friendly way.

The most frequent familiar texts are:

Letter: communicates feelings towards a person, which you want to put in writing so that they can be recorded over time, as well as to express ideas that seek to engage in a written conversation. This correspondence can be family or private and contain confessions, questions, stories about a particular problem or situation.
Anecdote/Anecdotary: short stories that narrate a curious, entertaining or significant event. They are usually stories that come out of the ordinary or everyday and, therefore, become worth telling.
email messages instant messaging: At present, communicating by postal mail fell into disuse, while communication through electronic means became widespread. These writings are characterized by their brevity, daily nature and for expressing ideas of the moment, articulating a way of communication between friends, family and work relationships that is characterized by immediacy. They are often accompanied by emoticons, gif and other resources that express emotions.

3. School texts

School textbooks provide support in academic and learning environments to improve the performance of those who study, keep track of the knowledge that is being acquired, as well as to fulfill tasks and work assigned at school. They can also be used to organize work, delivery times and the content of the subjects being studied.

The most frequent school texts are:

Diary: Keeps a record of daily activities. It usually has a format that presents divisions, calendar and hours, to facilitate the organization of the information that will be placed on it. There you can write down tasks, pending, class schedules and dates of delivery of work or exams.
Binnacle: notebook in which a record of activities, doubts, problems and solutions that arise in the school context is kept; It is a very useful tool to obtain feedback on the tasks carried out, as well as to keep track of processes within the framework of experimental practices or laboratory classes.
Work notebook: notebook that allows you to compile what you have learned in a class or school day, in which not only notes of what you see during the day are recorded, but also your own analysis and reflections derived from learning, resolved activities and conclusions about the activities carried out.
notes: notes that compile what was seen in a class, which can serve as a study guide for exams and evaluations; they record the most important information, precise data, names, titles and/or definitions. They can include diagrams, mental maps, drawings and different graphic resources that highlight or accompany the content.

Examples of personal texts

History class notes (school text).
Travel notebook to Italy (historical text).
Live to tell. Autobiographical stories of Gabriel García Márquez (historical text).
Romantic correspondence between a couple (family texts).
Biology Laboratory Log (school text).
Academic agenda 2022 (school text).
Mendoza family group on WhatsApp (family texts).
anecdotaryby Alfonso Reyes (family text).
6th grade primary workbook (school text).
Alfonsina’s Diary (historical text).

References

Definition and Examples of Text in Language Studies. Taken from thoughtco.com
Goals and text types – A Small Writing Guide. Taken from humak.libguides.com

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