8 junio, 2024

Personal functional texts: characteristics and examples

The personal functional texts They are those elaborated with the intention that they serve to fulfill a personal objective, indicating to someone an expected behavior or action.

In these an eminently appealing function of language is noted. A typical example of a functional text is an instruction in which the steps to follow to achieve something are indicated.

Sometimes, these writings even indicate the materials necessary to achieve the stated objective.

Functional texts are usually very present in human daily life, although sometimes it is not noticed. However, in the case of personal functional texts, they are writings that someone does to satisfy a personal need.

In these, the author exposes reliable data and very his, in order to obtain something very specific. They do not have a defined format or extension. Its language is clear and it can use any graphic element that contributes to the objective of the issuer.

Characteristics of personal functional texts

– They are personal: in them the issuer reflects experiences, knowledge, assessments, thoughts or feelings about himself or his environment.

– The receiver is the sender himself: that is, the information of the functional text is not addressed to another person other than the same person who captured it.

– It does not have a defined format: the extension or language of the text will not have a defined form, but each one will use the one that they see most appropriate.

– It usually contains sensitive information: generally, the information contained is very personal and is not developed for a general public. It may also contain information about other people that should not be exposed publicly (phone book).

– They serve as a reminder: both for simple things and little elaboration (write down extracurricular schedules) to events of great importance (notes, memories).

– They can include graphic resources: such as photographs, drawings or collected business cards.

Examples of Personal Functional Texts

1- The notes made in class

These are the notes taken by the student during the teacher’s explanation or presentation on a specific topic.

It does not have to be the verbatim transcription of the teacher’s oral presentation, but rather a series of key ideas for the subsequent review of the topic, so necessary for fixing knowledge.

There are those who recommend that these ideas be captured in the form of a list of keywords or mental maps, so that their writing is easier and more effective.

Such ideas should be clearly and in order, along with the date, examples and other significant details that allow you to remember the rest of the important information of that class.

2- The log

It is a descriptive writing of the course of an academic, investigative or recreational activity.

In this, all the activities carried out are recorded in chronological order and with as much detail as possible. Doubts and discoveries that arise in the process are also included.

In the field of scientific research, these texts are extremely important because they become guides on what to do and what not to do, for example, during an experiment.

They can also serve as a supporting document to support or refute theories about an area of ​​the natural sciences.

3- The schedule

It is a list of things to do in a certain time. They are usually written in notebooks or notebooks specifically formatted for this purpose.

This format has the space identified with the dates and times in which the tasks have to be done. They usually also include one or more calendars.

The notebook or notebook where this is written is called an agenda. The size, design and complexity of an agenda depends on the tastes and needs of the person.

The school agendas include some pages prepared to place the school schedule.

4- Family letter

It is a very personal type of text. In this, information is usually placed that is interesting to make known to relatives, friends and / or trusted people.

In a letter, plain and colloquial language is used, full of sensory images and opinions.

5- The memorandum

It is an official document in which someone is informed or notified about a specific situation.

Normally it is an institutional document, but it becomes personal when a boss writes it directly to a subordinate to indicate crucial information for his work.

6- Request

It is a type of letter in which one person makes a formal request to another, either for business or other purposes.

He usually uses formal, direct, clear and professional language. As for its structure, it usually presents the same as a letter.

7- The autobiography

It is a text in which the person tells his own vital experience; his experiences, his memories, his fears, among other elements.

They usually have an expressive purpose, but they are also made with the aim of becoming testimonials of a historical moment or event, such as the Confessions of Saint Augustine.

8- Circular

It is an official document with which it is intended to inform several people simultaneously of some important matter.

It is usually made up of the company’s letterhead, the «circular» title with its corresponding number, the date, the body, the closing and the signature of the issuer with his position in the institution.

9- The diary

In these texts the author narrates what happens to him during the day with all the impressions and emotions that these things generate in him.

In a journal you begin by writing the date, followed by prose about your experience on the day.

They can also be functional because they become a record of a person’s life, which may become relevant in some sphere of society or can serve as a testimony about how an important historical process is lived.

An example of the latter is represented by the Ana Frank’s diary.

10- Telephone directory

It is the support where the contact details of a series of people with whom a personal or work relationship is maintained are recorded.

Currently they are usually the most precious section of an electronic device for many people.


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Martinez, Catherine. What are Functional Texts? (with Examples). Retrieved from: .com
Moreno, Sergio (2013). Personal functional texts. Retrieved from: lecturayredaccionunivia.wordpress.com
Study (2017). What is a functional text? Retrieved from: study.com
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