26 febrero, 2024

Official ACT to SAT (New 1600 and Old 2400) Conversion Charts

One of the first thoughts you might have after getting back your ACT or SAT score is how well you would have done on the other test. Luckily, SAT to ACT conversion (and ACT to SAT conversion) is possible!

In this post, we provide conversion charts from the test makers themselves to help you with score conversions between both the current and old versions of the SAT and the ACT. We also look at whether certain colleges go easier on the SAT or ACT—and what you can do about it.

 

ACT to SAT Conversion Tool

We took the College Board’s official concordance tables and made a tool for you to automatically convert your ACT scores into SAT scores.

We’ve even included both current 1600 and old 2400 SAT conversions. Look at the latter if you took the ACT before 2016 and are curious about how your ACT score would have translated into an SAT score when originally you took the ACT.

Just enter your ACT score on the left to get your SAT scores on the right:

 

 

 

SAT to ACT Conversion Tool

Want to go in the other direction? Here are two tools to go from current 1600 SAT to ACT, or from old 2400 SAT to ACT.

Note that the vast majority of high school students these days will have taken the 1600 SAT, but if you took the SAT before 2016 and are curious about how your scores would have converted to an ACT score (perhaps you’re applying for an educational job or are casually comparing scores with friends), our conversion tool can lend you a hand.

SAT to ACT Conversion

Old 2400 SAT to ACT Conversion

Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We’ve written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

 

Why Convert Between the SAT and ACT?

ACT to SAT conversion can be extremely helpful for figuring out which test you’re better at. It’s smartest to focus your efforts on just the SAT or ACT to maximize your score, rather than trying to score well on both tests. But if you take just one test, it’s useful to know how your score translates so you can better understand your performance as well as your chances of admission at various colleges.

For example, by taking a practice test for both the SAT and ACT, you can figure out which test you’re naturally better at. If you score dramatically higher on one test vs the other (say, the equivalent of 2 ACT points), you’ll know to study for and take that test instead.

As we explore below, ACT-SAT conversion doesn’t always line up exactly at schools. Understanding what converting is and why it is not always even at certain schools can help you maximize your admission chances.

Finally, be aware that converting composite scores won’t give you the most accurate data. As a result, always convert your section scores, too.

 

 

SAT-ACT Conversion Tables

The most accurate SAT-ACT concordance tables come directly from the makers of the SAT and ACT (the College Board and ACT, Inc., respectively). These are the only official conversion charts you can use to translate your ACT score into an SAT score (and vice versa).

 

Table 1: SAT-ACT Conversion Table

SAT
ACT
 
SAT
ACT
 
SAT
ACT

1600
36
 
1250
26
 
900
16

1590*
36
 
1240*
26
 
890*
16

1580
36
 
1230
26
 
880
16

1570
36
 
1220
25
 
870
15

1560
35
 
1210*
25
 
860
15

1550
35
 
1200
25
 
850*
15

1540*
35
 
1190
24
 
840
15

1530
35
 
1180*
24
 
830
15

1520
34
 
1170
24
 
820
14

1510
34
 
1160
24
 
810
14

1500*
34
 
1150
23
 
800*
14

1490
34
 
1140*
23
 
790
14

1480
33
 
1130
23
 
780
14

1470
33
 
1120
22
 
770
13

1460*
33
 
1110*
22
 
760*
13

1450
33
 
1100
22
 
750
13

1440
32
 
1090
21
 
740
13

1430*
32
 
1080*
21
 
730
13

1420
32
 
1070
21
 
720
12

1410
31
 
1060
21
 
710*
12

1400*
31
 
1050
20
 
700
12

1390
31
 
1040*
20
 
690
12

1380
30
 
1030
20
 
680
11

1370*
30
 
1020
19
 
670*
11

1360
30
 
1010*
19
 
660
11

1350
29
 
1000
19
 
650
11

1340*
29
 
990
19
 
640
10

1330
29
 
980
18
 
630*
10

1320
28
 
970*
18
 
620
10

1310*
28
 
960
18
 
610
9

1300
28
 
950
17
 
600
9

1290
27
 
940
17
 
590*
9

1280*
27
 
930*
17
 
 
 

1270
27
 
920
17
 
 
 

1260
27
 
910
16
 
 
 

*Use this SAT score when a single score point comparison is needed
Source: The College Board, 2018

Note that this is the most up-to-date conversion and recommended by both the College Board and ACT, Inc. (as opposed to the 2016 initial concordance from the College Board); this chart is what schools will be using to compare SAT and ACT scores.

 

Table 2: Old SAT-ACT Conversion Table

For those of you who want to compare an ACT score with an old SAT score out of 2400, use the table below. Because the current version of the SAT has been in effect since 2016, most readers will want to use the conversion table above.

In other words, only use the following table if you took the ACT or SAT before 2016 and want to know how your scores would have translated at the time you took the test.

All estimates below are calculated using the above table and this SAT composite score conversion chart.

ACT Composite Score
Estimated SAT Composite
Estimated SAT Composite Range

36
2390
2320-2400

35
2260
2320-2310

34
2170
2140-2220

33
2090
2070-2130

32
2040
2020-2060

31
1990
1970-2010

30
1940
1920-1960

29
1890
1870-1910

28
1840
1820-1860

27
1790
1760-1810

26
1730
1710-1750

25
1690
1660-1700

24
1640
1600-1650

23
1580
1560-1590

22
1530
1510-1550

21
1480
1450-1500

20
1420
1400-1440

19
1370
1340-1390

18
1310
1300-1330

17
1260
1240-1290

16
1200
1180-1230

15
1140
1100-1170

14
1060
1020-1090

13
1000
940-1010

12
920
880-930

11
860
840-870

10
820
810-830

9
780
780-800

 

 

 

Is There an “Easier” Test at Certain Schools?

Now that we’ve learned about the SAT-ACT conversion tables made by the test makers themselves, you might think that if you look at admission statistics for various colleges, their SAT and ACT middle 50 percent ranges will match the official SAT-ACT conversions.

Before we jump into this idea, though, what is the «middle 50 percent»? For a school, this phrase refers to the SAT/ACT score ranges for the middle 50 percent (or 25th to 75th percentile scores) of admitted students. For example, if a school has an ACT middle 50 percent range of 24 to 28, this means that 25% of admits had 24 or lower, 50% had between 24 and 28, and 25% had 28 or higher on the ACT.

Schools report this data since it’s a clear way to present the average test score ranges of admitted students. Reporting the full range of scores would be much less helpful as schools might have an admit or two with an extremely low test score, or a few admits with perfect scores. In other words, telling potential applicants that admitted students usually get ACT scores between 16 and 36 is not particularly helpful!

So do these ranges for the ACT and SAT match up according to the conversions above? The truth is, at many colleges, the SAT and ACT middle 50 percent ranges don’t match up exactly. Thus, for some schools, you’d have to do slightly better on one test to be a competitive applicant.

We’ll go over a few example below. You can use this information as a guide when looking up the schools you’re applying to.

Notice as we go through these examples just how small the differences tend to be. We are not showing that you can game the system by taking the “easier” test for a certain school. As you’ll see, the differences are quite small in most cases, but they can help you aim for the most competitive target score possible.

 

 

NYU

We’ll start with a prominent East Coast school. NYU’s middle 50 percent ranges are as follows:

ACT: 29-34
SAT: 1310-1510

Using Table 1 to compare the scores, we see that ACT composite scores of 29-34 match up to SAT composite scores of 1330-1520. NYU’s actual SAT range is slightly lower than that, which means you’d need a comparatively higher ACT score to be within NYU’s 50 percent range.

 

Princeton

For a highly competitive East Coast example, let’s look at Princeton. This school has the following SAT and ACT middle 50 percent ranges:

ACT: 32-35
SAT: 1440-1570

According to Table 1, these SAT scores match with an ACT score range of 32-36, which is very close to Princeton’s actual ACT score range. At Princeton, then, there is not a slight ACT score advantage like there is at NYU.

 

Penn State

Here are Penn State’s middle 50 percent ranges:

ACT: 25-30
SAT: 1160-1360

Table 1 shows that these ACT scores convert to an SAT range of 1200-1380. In this case, you’d need to score slightly lower on the ACT than you would on the SAT to be in Penn State’s middle 50 percent.

 

University of Washington

Now for a West Coast example. Here are the the University of Washington’s score ranges:

ACT: 27-32
SAT: 1200-1460

According to Table 1, UW’s SAT range would match up with 25-33 ACT composite. However, its actual ACT range is slightly higher at 27-32.

This means you could get a comparatively lower SAT score of 1200 and be within range at UW. But if you had the matching ACT score of 24, you’d be a little less competitive.

 

University of Southern California

Another West Coast example is USC. Here are USC’s middle 50 percent ranges for the SAT and ACT:

ACT: 30-34
SAT: 1350-1530

By converting these ACT scores into SAT scores using Table 1, we get an SAT score range of 1360-1520. As we suspected, this suggests that your ACT score needs to be slightly higher than your SAT score does to be competitive at USC.

 

How To Maximize Your Converted ACT/SAT Score

So what can we take from all of this? There are definitely some slight but noticeable differences in certain colleges’ SAT and ACT middle 50 percent ranges compared with the expected conversions. However, there are plenty of exceptions as well.

Here’s the thing: even in schools that seem to go slightly easier on one test, the differences are nominal. This means that it doesn’t make sense to base your testing strategy entirely on whether a school appears to go easier on ACT or SAT scores. Instead, it’s much smarter to focus on the test you can do better on to maximize your score.

In our test cases above, ACT and SAT ranges did not deviate from expected values by more than 10 -40 SAT points or 1-2 ACT composite points. These are minor score differences you can easily overcome with smart studying, especially if you’re taking the test better suited to your strengths.

For example, say you’re a better SAT taker, but you notice that some Ivy League schools go a bit easier on ACT scores. If you took the ACT and got a 30 when you were capable of scoring between 1450 and 1550 on the SAT, you’d decrease your chance of getting in.

 

In the end, there is no substitute for smart studying.

 

But it’s still useful to look up the middle 50 percent test score ranges for your target schools. You can even use the conversion charts like we did to see if the school favors one test. Then, use this info to form your own target score.

For example, if you’re applying to a school that goes a bit easier on the ACT, aim for an ACT score in the upper end of their middle 50 range to ensure that, even with ACT-SAT conversion, you are still well within their typical ranges.

Remember, the bottom line in college admissions is to play up your strengths. Maximizing your ACT or SAT score is by far the best advantage you can give yourself on the standardized testing front!

 

What’s Next?

Sure, we’ve argued that colleges don’t give a huge advantage to either the SAT or ACT, but is one test easier than the other? Find out whether the SAT or ACT is easier. Also, check out the 11 key differences between the two tests to help you decide which one to take.

If you already know which test you’re taking, use our SAT or ACT goal score guide to develop a target score based on the schools you’re applying…

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