7 junio, 2024

Neopopularism: what it is, characteristics, origin, representatives and works

What is neopopularism?

He neopopularism It is a poetic-literary current that came together in the generation of ’27, specifically cultivated by Federico García Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Dámaso Alonso, Gerardo Diego and Emilio Prados, although its origins go back to the Spanish Post-romanticism of the 19th century.

Neopopularism in Spain obeyed the impulse to rescue the popular and traditional, somewhat as a counterpart to the avant-garde currents that had influenced national literature, specifically ultraism.

This movement was mainly Andalusian, characterized by developing a metric similar to traditional poetry, although with innovations.

Origin and precursors

Origin

The origin of neopopularism is located in the poetic works developed in Postromanticism, which emerged in the 19th century. Spanish authors and writers were inspired by the German poet and essayist Heinrich Heine.

The movement grew, gaining momentum as currents such as Modernism and Avant-garde gained space, leaving aside the strength of popular traditions. It was there that the need arose to renew its own and traditionalist literature so that it would not be forgotten.

forerunners

The main precursors of neo-popularism were Augusto Ferrán, Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer and Rosalía de Castro. Each of them developed their poetic work within the so-called popular songs, the culture and folklore of the main Spanish regions.

Other Notable Writers

Other authors who focused on the rescue of the traditional and manners stand out:

Antonio de Trueba, better known as Antón el de los Cantares, author of Book of Songs (1852).
Ventura Ruiz Aguilera, with harmonies and songs (1865).
Terencio Thos and Codina, with popular weekly (1862-1863).
Aristides Pongilioni and Villa, with poetic bursts (1865).
Melchor de Palau, with sing (1866).
José Ruiz and Pérez, with couplets and complaints (1869).

Precursors framed within the study of folklore

Within the precursors of neopopularism, it is also necessary to mention those who dedicated themselves to studying traditions, folklore, culture and popular customs. Some of them were:

Antonio Machado y Álvarez (1848-1893), writer, folklorist and anthropologist, father of the brothers Manuel and Antonio Machado.
Francisco Rodríguez Marín (1855-1943), poet, folklorist, lexicologist and scholar of the work of Miguel de Cervantes.
Federico Garcia Lorca. Rafael Cansinos Asséns (1882-1964), writer, essayist, poet, literary critic, who kept neo-popularism alive with some of his works, especially with the Spanish tune, a kind of brief act with a sarcastic tone, which was performed at the Golden Age. Rafael Alberti.

Characteristics of neopopularism

He reproduced the traditional forms of Spanish popular songs from the 15th and 16th centuries. Its representatives did it through a profound change, both in the verses and in the themes, managing to match the Avant-garde and Modernism.
The language used in neopopularist poetry was simple and direct, without being coarse or clumsy, it was also characterized by being expressive, often sentimental.
The themes developed were the landscape, culture, nature, dances, traditions.
The movement also had as characteristic elements the development and preference for free verse, and excessive musicality.
A short metric was incorporated, represented mainly by the seguidilla and the romance.
The authors developed themes typical of the Andalusian idiosyncrasy.
It was a reaction to excessively elitist and universalist literature.

Representatives and their works

Federico Garcia Lorca (1898-1936)

He was a Spanish writer, poet and playwright who belonged to the generation of ’27. His work has been one of the most prominent, influential and popular in 20th century literature, with a predominance of neo-popularism, through songs and traditional characteristics of its own from his native Granada.

His most outstanding neopopularist works were:

cante jondo poem (1921).
Gypsy romance (1928).

Raphael Alberti (1902-1999)

He was a Spanish writer and poet, member of the generation of ’27. His poetic work was characterized by the influence of popularism, surrealism, as well as the work of Luis de Góngora. In addition, his poetry was political, he wanted to awaken consciences, and melancholic after his life in exile.

His main neopopularist works were:

sailor ashore (1925).
The lover (1926).
wallflower dawn (1927).

Emilio Prados (1899-1962)

Emilio Prados was a Spanish poet of the generation of ’27. Development of poetry within pure poetry and neopopularism. Elements of surrealism and avant-garde were reflected in his poems.

His most notable works were:

Time (1925).
Six pictures for a puzzle (1925).
lighthouse keeper songs (1926).
Lap (1927).

Gerardo Diego (1896-1987)

Gerardo Diego was a Spanish writer and poet, member of the generation of ’27. His work was oriented towards neo-popularism, as well as within the avant-garde. The romance, the sonnets and the tenths were part of his lyrics.

Among the most important works of the author, in terms of the neopopularism movement, the following stand out:

The cypress of the silos.
The romance of the bride (1920).
Soria. Gallery of prints and effusions (1923).
Human Verses (1925).
Romances 1918-1941 (1941).

Damaso Alonso (1898-1990)

Dámaso Alonso was a Spanish writer, philologist and writer, as well as a member of the Royal Academy of History and the Royal Spanish Academy. Although he has been considered part of the generation of ’27, he has also been included in the generation of poets immediately after the war.

His literary work was characterized by its creative capacity, as well as by the presence of existentialist and aesthetic features. His first works were influenced by Juan Ramón Jiménez and his pure poetry, and then he moved on to a more reflective, uprooting poetry.

Among the most representative works of neopopularism were the following:

pure poems. city ​​poems (1921).
The wind and the verse (1925).

References

Neopopularism. Retrieved from es.wikipedia.org.
Poetic group of 27- Neopopularism. Recovered from sensations-alacant.blogspot.com.
Zarco, C. Neopopularism and pure poetry. Retrieved from carlos94-literatura.blogspot.com.
Generation ’27. Recovered from lageneraciondel27.weebly.com.

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