9 junio, 2024

Multidimensionality of the human being: concept and dimensions

What is the multidimensionality of the human being?

The multidimensionality of the human being It is a theory that states that your life and existence is made up of several different spheres. Each of these dimensions is part of the complexity of the human being, which goes beyond its simple physical existence and incorporates other areas such as the social, emotional or communicative.

These dimensions coexist, to a greater or lesser extent, within the human being, to the point of being one of their main identity traits. The study of him has been carried out by disciplines such as education and psychology, which have sought to understand human beings globally.

According to supporters of multidimensionality, humans are characterized by their biopsychosocial nature, that is, their condition as social animals and conscious of their thoughts, abilities, and reflections. In short, of existence itself.

There is no agreement among theorists about the number of these dimensions or what they are specifically. Depending on the author, between three and eight different dimensions have been named. However, in all theories these areas are considered fundamental for the human being to be considered as such.

Dimensions of the human being

There are different schools within the followers of the theory of the multidimensionality of the human being. Each one of them proposes different dimensions, but there are some that usually appear in many of those lists.

physical dimension

The physical dimension refers to the body of each human being. It is the most visible and has the function of allowing people to perform actions and establish contact with others. In addition, it is the one that allows each individual to be identified.

This dimension also encompasses the actions that people take to maintain their physical health, whether internal or external. Thus, it is about preventing diseases from appearing with a healthy diet or doing physical exercise.

Social or sociopolitical dimension

One of the best-known definitions of the human being is that it is a social animal. Relating with other people is, therefore, one of its most important dimensions.

The social dimension of the human being begins with his belonging to a family. Later, it also includes his relationship with his friends and with his closest environment. According to anthropologists, this sociability was essential for the first hominids to survive during prehistoric times.

cognitive dimension

The human being is distinguished from other animals by his attempt to explain the world around him and expose the laws that explain it. The cognitive dimension is one that explains the ability of people to use their intelligence and create new concepts from which to progress.

The cognitive dimension has been fundamental for human beings to continually try to increase their knowledge. In part, this purpose is based on the need to predict what is happening in its environment in order to survive, although it is also due to an innate natural curiosity.

Emotional or affective dimension

Along with his cognitive or intellectual dimension, the human being also has an emotional dimension. This is considered very important for their adaptation to the environment, to the point that emotional intelligence has begun to be measured.

This dimension ranges from fear of the unknown understood as a survival tool (such as fear of a wild animal that drives a person to flee), to joy at a personal achievement.

In addition, emotions appear before external or internal stimuli, which means that they are related to self-knowledge.

On the other hand, this dimension is not limited to one’s own emotions, but is also present when recognizing the emotions of others.

Communicative dimension

Communication and language are two of the most outstanding characteristics of human beings. Thanks to them, civilizations have been built and knowledge has been transmitted generation after generation.

This quality is included in the communicative dimension. In summary, it is about the human ability to communicate through systems of signs and symbols, from the simplest to the most complex.

This dimension is what allows humans to transmit their experiences and ideas. To do this, it is only necessary that both the sender and the receiver know the code.

spiritual or transcendent dimension

Although the name of this dimension may suggest that it is only related to religion, in reality it also includes other variables. Among the most important are the philosophical thoughts that try to give an answer to the meaning of existence.

Human intelligence is not only applied to physical aspects, but is also used to try to explain the most transcendental doubts about the meaning of life. In general, most cultures have used religion to find an explanation for the unknown.

aesthetic dimension

The aesthetic dimension of the human being is related to the idea of ​​beauty. This, like many of human creations, is totally abstract and subjective, which is why it has changed a lot throughout history.

Human beings are distinguished from animals, among other things, by being capable of creating works of art. His intelligence has caused him not only to dedicate himself to making useful objects, but also others whose only purpose is to be admired and communicate the idea of ​​the artist.

For this reason, this dimension is linked to others such as communication, spiritual or emotional.

Ethical-moral dimension

As a social animal, the human being has created a series of moral rules with the intention of being able to live in society. It is about trying to avoid possible interpersonal conflicts and not establishing the law of the strongest.

The ability of humans to recognize what is correct forms the so-called ethical dimension. These rules can be strictly personal or come from the society in which you live.

Among other aspects, this dimension is responsible for the fact that the human being must act according to the common good. Likewise, it is essential for each person to remember that other individuals have the same rights.

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